锘??xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 鍚¬å姏璇惧爞 http://www.5890738.com/zt/rss/ 鍚¬å姏璇惧爞 zh-cn Tue, 19 Mar 2019 15:49:03 GMT-8 Tue, 19 Mar 2019 15:49:03 GMT-8 service@tingclass.net service@tingclass.net 宸¥ä綔鏁堢巼澶ªä綆鎬庝箞鍔? http://www.5890738.com/show-8404-444377-1.html 濡?#28003;?#32457;戝­¦鐨勫?#29115;?#21613;苟閬楀繕... http://www.5890738.com/show-138-444373-1.html 灏忛£ž璞?#38171;岄偅浜?#28003;?#28051;?#37933;?#38316;?#37928;?#27996;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-671-444372-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[   鍏?#27996;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#28003;?#28051;?#37933;?#38316;?#37928;?0浠?#27996;? 10 things you might not have known about 'Dumbo' ?#28266;杩?#28601;?#28751;?#37716;?#37922;?#37922;?#35120;?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#28051;?#37828;?#26473;?0骞?#37722;?#38171;?#26473;?#28051;€缁忓吀绔?#29831;?#37721;?#28751;?#28000;¥ç湡浜?#37911;?#35120;?#23534;?#28051;庤§‚浼?#29785;?#38344;?#27996;?#37510;?#28051;嶈繃锛屾?#25198;増銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37721;?#28051;嶅儚1941骞寸増閭£ä箞杞?#37833;炬¬¢蹇?#38171;屼簨瀹?#28051;?#38171;岀湡浜?#37911;?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37928;勫墽鎯?#29781;?#38339;存š—寰?#28598;?#37510;? 鏇?#32513;忓甫缁?#37812;戜滑缇庡¥½鍥?#36423;?#37928;勮€佺増銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#38171;?#28003;?#27996;嗚§£澶?#28751;?#37723;? Before it was a movie, "Dumbo" was a children's book. ?#28266;琚?#37815;?#37812;?#37922;?#35120;卞墠锛?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37828;?#28051;€鏈?#32468;?#28052;? Originally published in 1938, "Dumbo" was a children's picture book written by Helen Aberson and illustrated by Harold Pearl. The film rights would later be purchased by Disney, who entrusted the script to Joe Grant and Dick Huemer. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;嬪師鏉?#37828;?#28051;€鏈¬å効绔?#37733;?#37922;?#28052;?#38171;屾?#22247;?#26944;?#23678;’鐢?#37714;?#37714;?#37922;?#23092;?#28028;?middot;闃?#28028;?#22955;?#37724;屽?#22562;綏寰?middot;鐨?#28751;?#37714;涗綔锛?#37832;€鏃©å嚭鐗?#27996;?938骞?#37510;?#37722;庢潵杩?#28601;?#28751;?#28052;?#28051;?#27996;?#37922;?#35120;辨?#23942;憚鏉?#38171;屽苟濮?#37813;?#28052;?#28028;?middot;鏍?#37711;扮壒鍜岀?#21227;厠·浼戦粯鎷?#28000;荤?#26663;墽銆? There are amusement park rides inspired by "Dumbo" around the globe. 鍏?#37918;?#37722;勫湴閮?#37832;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#28051;?#26864;?#37928;勬父涔?#29825;?#37826;? Inspired by the 1941 film, the Disney ride is oftentimes called "Dumbo the Flying Elephant" and riders can control the altitude of their flying elephant. Variations of the "Dumbo" ride can be found in Disney parks around the globe. 杩?#28601;?#28751;?#37928;勫皬椋?#29854;¡æ父涔?#29825;?#37826;?#37903;?#37808;熸簮鑷?941骞?#37928;?#26473;?#38318;?#37922;?#35120;?#38171;屾父鐜?#38000;?#37721;?#28000;?#37818;?#37714;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#26891;?#29723;?#37928;勯珮搴?#37510;傚湪鍏?#37918;?#37722;勫湴鐨?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#28052;?#37733;?#37721;?#28000;¥ç湅鍒?#37722;?#32457;?#28751;忛£ž璞¡æ父涔?#29825;?#37826;?#37510;? It was Disney's fourth animated film. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37828;?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37928;勭¬¬鍥?#38318;?#37716;?#37922;?#37922;?#35120;? "Dumbo" was only Disney's fourth ever animated film. Released in October 1941, "Dumbo" was preceded by "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs," "Pinocchio," and "Fantasia." 1941骞?0鏈?#28051;?#37828;?#37928;?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37828;?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37928;勭¬¬鍥?#38318;?#37716;?#37922;?#37922;?#35120;?#37510;傚墠闈?#28051;?#38318;?#37714;?#37714;?#37828;?#37510;婄櫧闆?#37711;?#28051;诲拰涓?#28051;?#28751;忕煯浜?#37510;?#37510;?#37510;婃湪鍋跺¥‡閬?#29825;?#37510;?#37724;?#37510;婂够鎯?#37831;?#37510;?#37510;? Dumbo was almost a magazine cover star as Time's "Mammal of the Year." 灏忛£ž璞?#23480;?#28051;€鐐?#28751;变綔涓?ldquo;骞?#25652;?#37725;轰钩鍔?#37911;?rdquo;鎴?#27996;?#37510;婃椂浠?#37510;?#37833;傚織鐨勫皝闈?#37828;?#37828;? Dumbo was almost named Time's "Mammal of the Year," a play on the magazine's "Person of the Year." Just before the historic portrait cover was released, there was an attack on Pearl Harbor. The magazine pulled the Dumbo cover and replaced December 1941's cover with a portrait of General Douglas MacArthur. 灏忛£ž璞?#23480;?#37904;?#28751;?#37812;?#27996;?#37510;婃椂浠?#37510;?#37833;傚織鐨?ldquo;骞?#25652;?#37725;轰钩鍔?#37911;?rdquo;锛?#26473;?#37828;?#37724;?#37510;婃椂浠?#37510;嬪勾搴?#27996;?#37911;©ç浉瀵瑰簲鐨?#37812;忚皯璇存硶銆傚氨?#28266;銆婃椂浠?#37510;?#37833;傚?#26944;嵆灏?#37721;?#29999;?#28751;?#38344;?#27996;?#37911;©æ椂锛岀?#23943;?#29363;腐閬?#37714;?#27996;嗚¢­鍑?#37510;?#27996;?#37828;?#37833;傚?#26945;挙涓?#27996;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37928;勫皝闈?#38171;?#28751;?941骞?2鏈堝垔鐨勫皝闈?#27996;?#37911;?#37817;?#37812;?#27996;?#38316;撴牸鎷夋柉·?#23475;鍏嬮?#36328;憻灏嗗啗銆? The original "Dumbo" cover story still ran in the magazine and Dumbo was still "Mammal of the Year," just with an updated introduction paragraph and no official cover. ?#24107;鏉?#37928;勫皬椋?#29854;?#28751;?#38344;?#37825;?#27996;?#28000;嶇?#26421;繚鐣欏湪鏉傚織涓?#38171;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#28052;熶?#28616;劧鏄?ldquo;骞?#25652;?#37725;轰钩鍔?#37911;?rdquo;锛?#37721;?#28051;嶈繃鏀?#27996;?#28051;€涓?#23534;?#37826;?#38171;屾病鏈?#28051;?#28751;?#38344;?#37510;? It's one of Disney's shortest feature films ever. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37828;?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37832;?#37721;?#28000;?#37833;?#37832;€?#29037;鐨?#37716;?#37922;?#38336;?#37911;?#28052;?#28051;€ At just 64 minutes long, "Dumbo" is one of the shortest Disney feature films ever created. The average Disney film typically runs between 80 and 90 minutes. 鍙?#37832;?4鍒嗛挓鐨?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37828;?#37832;?#37721;?#28000;?#37833;?#37832;€?#29037;鐨?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37716;?#37922;?#38336;?#37911;?#28052;?#28051;€銆?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37922;?#35120;?#28051;€鑸¬æ椂闀?#28051;?0鍒?0鍒嗛挓銆? The film has been called racist. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37831;?#29722;?#29840;?#28051;?#32457;?#37827;忔­§瑙?#37928;?#37837;囩­¾ Parts of the movie, like the inclusion of crows as stereotypically black characters with a stereotyped vernacular, have been lambasted since the film's debut, according to Mic. The leading crow is even named Jim Crow, an overt allusion to discriminatory Jim Crow laws. 鎹甅ic缃?#32468;欐姤閬?#38171;?#38007;?#28000;?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;嬮¦–鏄?#37722;?#38171;?#37922;?#35120;?#28051;?#37928;?#28051;€浜涘唴瀹?#28751;?#38316;?#37714;?#27996;嗙?#28058;儓鎶?#37713;?#38171;?#23011;?#28641;備?#23684;甫琚?#37714;?#37922;?#37812;?#28051;€涓?#29999;?#37832;夐?#25116;汉鍙?#38346;?#37928;勯?#25116;汉瑙掕壊銆?#26864;?#28598;?#37928;?#28052;岄甫鐢氳嚦鍚?#37721;?#37722;夊§†·鍏?#37716;?#38171;?#37828;?#37828;?#37828;?#35120;?#28751;勫甫鏈?#32457;?#37827;忔­§瑙?#37928;?#37722;夊§†·鍏?#37716;虫硶銆? lambast[læm'best]: vt. 涓?#37720;?#29840;£é獋 overt[o'v蓾t]: adj. 鏄?#37828;?#37928;?鍏¬ç劧鐨?钃?#37808;?#37928;? The film won an Oscar. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37831;?#38014;?#23536;楀¥¥鏂?#37719;?#28610;? At the 1942 Academy Awards, "Dumbo" won for best music, scoring of a musical picture. The film would also win a Cannes Film Festival award for best animation design in 1947. ?#28266;1942骞村¥¥鏂?#37719;?#26864;佸¥–绀?#28051;?#38171;?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;嬭幏寰?#27996;嗛煶涔?#37911;?#37832;€浣?#38320;?#28052;?#28610;?#37510;?#29831;?#37911;?#26473;樺湪1947骞?#37928;?#37812;涚撼鐢?#35120;?#38010;?#28051;婅幏寰?#27996;?#37832;€浣?#37716;?#37922;?#29825;?#29825;?#28610;?#37510;? The circus has a familiar name. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#28051;?#37928;勯©¬鎴忓洟鍚?#28699;?#37832;?#37833;?#28598;? If you look carefully, you'll notice that the name of the circus where "Dumbo" takes place is called "WDP Circus." This is likely a nod to Walt Disney Productions, the studio responsible for the film. 濡傛灉浣?#28000;?#32513;嗙湅鐨?#29831;?#38171;?#28003;犱細?#25950;鎰忓埌灏忛£ž璞?#37813;€?#28266;鐨勯©¬鎴忓洟鍚?#37721;玏DP椹?#37812;忓洟銆?#26473;?#23536;?#37721;¯è兘鏄¯å湪鍚?#37714;朵綔鐢?#35120;?#37928;勫崕鐗?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37714;?#37911;囧巶(鑻辨枃棣栧瓧姣嶇缉鍐?#28751;?#37828;疻DP)鑷?#37825;?#37510;? You might recognize Mr. Stork's voice. 浣?#37721;?#38003;戒?#27699;§‰寰?#37826;?#37813;?#37711;?#37711;堢敓鐨勫?#20276;煶寰堢?#29112;倝 Although uncredited, Mr. Stork's voice in the film was recorded by Sterling Holloway. Over the years, Holloway would make a name for himself voicing several Disney characters, including a flower in "Bambi," the narrator in "Mickey and the Beanstalk," Cheshire Cat in "Alice in Wonderland," the snake Kaa in "The Jungle Book," and Roquefort in "The Aristocats." ?#27367;?#21159;鐗?#28051;?#28051;烘柉鎵?#37711;?#37711;堢敓閰嶉煶鐨勬紨鍛?#23052;?#37832;?#37828;剧?#21700;湪瀛楀箷涓?#38171;?#28003;?#28729;?#38340;?#28051;?#37828;?#37922;辨柉鐗规灄·闇嶆?#28056;¨褰?#37714;?#37928;?#37510;?#28598;氬勾浠?#37833;?#38171;岄?#23942;?#28056;¨鏇?#28051;哄?#34249;嚑涓?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#29785;掕壊閰嶉煶锛屼?#29111;洜姝?#28601;?#37722;嶉箠璧?#37510;?#26473;?#27996;?#29785;掕壊鍖呮嫭銆?#28751;忛箍鏂?#23011;?#37510;?#28051;?#37928;?#28051;€鏈?#38010;?#38171;?#37510;婄?#20914;¥‡涓?#27012;?#29854;?#37510;?#28051;?#37928;?#37827;佺櫧鑰?#38171;?#37510;婄埍涓戒笣姊¦æ父浠?#28583;?#37510;?#28051;?#37928;勬煷閮¡ç尗锛?#37510;婂?#22247;?#32472;£®鏋?#37510;?#28051;?#37928;勮?#25493;?#22247;崱锛?#37510;婄尗?#21177;鍘?#38340;?#29825;?#37510;?#28051;?#37928;勬?#28056;厠绂?#37510;? The Disney animator strike took place during the movie's production. 銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37714;朵綔鏈?#38338;?#37721;?#37922;?#27996;?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37716;?#37922;诲?#22562;舰宸? In May of 1941, during the production of "Dumbo," Disney animators went on strike. After a few weeks, Disney animators were unionized and "Dumbo" was finished and released later that same year. 1941骞?鏈?#38171;屽湪銆?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37714;朵綔鏈?#38338;?#38171;?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37716;?#37922;诲笀涓?#29723;屼簡缃?#23480;?#37510;傚?#29362;懆鍚?#38171;?#26473;?#28601;?#28751;?#37716;?#37922;诲笀鎴?#32468;?#27996;?#23480;¥ä細锛屽苟瀹?#37812;?#27996;?#37510;?#28751;忛£ž璞?#37510;?#37928;勫?#26421;綔銆?#29831;?#37911;?#27996;?#37722;屽勾涓?#37828;?#37510;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>?#22189;鍥芥梾琛岃嫳璇­ï細椋?#37832;?#28051;?#36423;?#28598;?0澶?#37734;烘櫙鑻?#29831;?#29723;¨è揪 http://www.5890738.com/show-564-444352-1.html 鎵?#32450;忓?#27406;綔鎬庢牱浼樺寲缁撴瀯 http://www.5890738.com/show-7675-444332-1.html VOA鎱?#38315;熻嫳璇­ï細缇?#37733;藉崼鐢?#28729;?#37723;樺紑濮嬮檺鍒?#37922;?#28699;?#37905;?#37928;?#38335;€鍞?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-8387-444331-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[US Health Officials Move to Limit Sales of E-Cigarettes United States government health officials are moving forward with a plan designed to keep electronic cigarettes out of the hands of young people. The plan would restrict sales of most flavored e-cigarettes at drug stores, gasoline stations and other businesses that sell them. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, first proposed the new rules last November. They are the latest government effort to fight what health officials call an epidemic of young people using the devices. E-cigarettes usually heat a flavored substance made with nicotine, a highly addictive chemical. The solution becomes a vapor, a gas that can be breathed in much like cigarette smoke. U.S. federal law bans the sale of e-cigarettes to anyone under 18 years of age. But a study published last year found that 1 in 5 high school students report using the devices – an activity known as vaping. Last week, the FDA announced that e-cigarette makers would need to restrict sales of most flavored products. Sales would be limited to stores that ask people for their age upon entry or have a separate, age-restricted area for vaping products. Companies would also be expected to use outside identity-confirmation technology for sales involving the internet. The FDA will also work to remove vaping products that clearly appeal to children. Examples include products with containers that look like treats children enjoy, such as candy, cookies or fruit drinks. Companies that do not follow the new requirements risk having their products pulled from the U.S. market, the FDA said. The restrictions will not include three flavors that the FDA says appeal more to adults than teenagers: tobacco, menthol and mint. New cartridge-based products like Juul have been the main force behind the rise in vaping among teenagers. A large number of U.S. high school students use Juul products during the school day. The rechargeable devices produce no smell and can easily be used in secret in school restrooms and even classrooms. The Silicon Valley, California-based company voluntarily halted sales of its fruit and candy-flavored pods in stores last year, before the FDA announcement. Anti-smoking activists have questioned whether the new FDA restrictions will be enough to stop the rise in teenage vaping. The FDA has little power over how stores sell vaping products. Instead, critics say the agency is largely telling companies to self-police. Erika Sward is with the American Lung Association, which has called on the FDA to remove all flavored e-cigarettes from the market. Sward said the FDA’s decision to leave out menthol and mint flavors is a mistake. Studies show those flavors are used by nearly half of teenagers who vape. Health experts say nicotine is highly harmful to developing brains. Some researchers worry that addicted teens will eventually move from vaping to smoking cigarettes and other products. During the presidency of Barack Obama, his administration developed rules requiring manufacturers to present e-cigarettes for safety and health exams by August 2018. But current FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb delayed that requirement until 2022. He argued that both the FDA and the industry needed more time to prepare. But now, under the agency’s new rules, that date will move to 2021. Still, the American Lung Association and several other anti-smoking groups are taking legal action against the FDA. They want the federal government to begin studying the safety and health effects of e-cigarettes immediately. The new rules are expected to heavily affect small businesses. Groups representing those stores have fought against the plan since it was first proposed last November. The restrictions are expected to have less of an effect on vape specialty shops. That is because many of them already require store workers to ask people for identity documents. A separate proposal announced last Wednesday aims to ban flavored cigars that were launched after 2007. That is the effective date for many of FDA’s legal powers. Cigars come in flavors like blueberry, cherry and chocolate. Lawmakers worry teenagers could turn to these tobacco products as flavored e-cigarettes are restricted. The FDA will accept comments on the guidelines for 30 days before finalizing them later this year. I’m ­Pete Musto. ________________________________________________________________ Words in This Story flavored – adj. possessing a given taste epidemic – n. a sudden quickly spreading occurrence of something harmful or unwanted addictive – adj. causing a strong and harmful need to regularly have or do something vapor – n. a substance that is in the form of a gas or that consists of very small drops or particles mixed with the air teenager(s) – n. someone who is between 13 and 19 years old cartridge – n. a case or container that you put into a machine to make it work pod(s) – n. a small container ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA鎱?#38315;熻嫳璇­ï細鏅?#27996;?#29825;?#38338;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜氱邯蹇?#37722;炲苟5?#25030;骞?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-8694-444310-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[[tctab]涓?#38011;±[/tctab] Putin Visits Crimea on 5th Anniversary of Annexation 鏅?#27996;?#29825;?#38338;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜氱邯蹇?#37722;炲苟5?#25030;骞? Russian President Vladimir Putin marked the fifth anniversary of the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine with a visit to the area. 淇?#32515;?#37826;?#37804;?#32513;熸櫘浜?#29825;?#38338;?#27996;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#38171;屼互姝?#32510;?#36423;?#28000;庝箤鍏?#37711;?#37722;炲苟鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#27996;斿懆骞?#37510;? Putin began his trip Monday by overseeing the launch of two new power stations. He praised completion of the centers, which he said will cover up to 90 percent of Crimea's power needs. 鏅?#27996;¬å懆涓€?#32017;濮?#27996;?#28000;?#37928;勮?#23680;¨‹锛屼粬瑙嗗療浜?#28051;?#28598;勬柊鐢电珯鐨?#37722;?#37716;?#37510;?#28000;?#29863;?#37813;?#27996;?#26473;?#27996;?#37922;电珯锛岀§°鍏惰兘?#24359;瓒?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?0%鐨?#37922;靛姏?#28214;姹?#37510;? Putin said, "Today another important step has been taken to strengthen the energy security of the Crimean Peninsula and of the whole south of the Russian Federation." 鏅?#27996;?#29723;?#32448;猴細“浠?#28598;?#38171;?#37812;戜滑閲囧彇浜?#37721;?#28051;€椤?#38322;嶈?#20345;­¥楠?#38171;屼互鍔犲己鍏嬮?#23680;背浜氬?#23106;?#28056;拰鏁?#28051;?#28103;?#32515;?#37826;?#37719;?#38318;?#37928;勮兘?#31790;瀹?#37711;?#37510;?rdquo; The power stations are part of a major effort to make a modern Crimea. It began after Russia seized Crimea from Ukraine in 2014. 杩?#28051;?#28598;?#37922;电珯鏄?#29825;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#37916;?#28000;£å寲鐨?#28051;€椤?#38322;嶈?#20345;帾鏂?#37928;?#28051;€閮?#37714;?#38171;?#28729;?#37828;?#28000;?014骞翠縿缃?#37826;?#37719;?#26864;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#28052;?#37722;庡紑濮?#37716;?#23480;?#37928;?#37510;? The annexation of Crimea was condemned by the international community. The European Union (EU) and United States placed economic restrictions on Russia for the action. Ukraine says it wants Crimea back and most countries still recognize it as Ukrainian territory. 淇?#32515;?#37826;?#37722;炲苟鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#37721;?#37714;?#27996;?#37733;?#38340;呯?#21477;細鐨勮按璐?#37510;傛¬§鐩?#37724;岀編鍥戒负姝?#28725;?#28103;?#32515;?#37826;?#28729;?#37826;戒簡鍒惰£銆備箤鍏?#37711;扮§°甯?#37832;涘?#23342;?#23680;背浜?#37733;?#35120;?#38171;?#28598;?#28598;?#37825;?#37733;?#28729;?#28000;嶇劧璁?#28051;?#28729;?#37828;?#28052;?#37711;?#37711;伴¢†鍦?#37510;? Putin claims that Russia "re-integrated" Crimea after the ouster of Ukraine's former pro-Russian president in 2014. He has said the action was necessary to protect ethnic Russians that make up the majority of Crimea's population from Ukrainian nationalists. 鏅?#27996;?#28601;扮?#39041;縿缃?#37826;?#27996;?014骞村湪涔?#37711;?#37711;?#27996;蹭縿鎬?#32513;?#28051;?#37721;?#28052;?#37722;?ldquo;閲嶆柊鏁?#37722;?rdquo;浜?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#37510;?#28000;?#29831;?#38171;?#23005;?#28051;惧¯¹淇?#37814;?#28103;?#32515;?#37826;?#37827;?#27996;?#37711;?#37721;?#28052;?#37711;?#37711;版?#25118;棌涓?#28052;?#38000;?#28052;?#28729;?#37833;?#29831;?#37828;?#36423;?#29781;?#37928;?#38171;屼縿缃?#37826;?#37827;?#27996;?#37719;犳嵁浜?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#27996;?#37721;?#37928;?#28598;?#28598;?#37825;?#37510;? The annexation gave Russia hundreds of kilometers of coastline along the Black Sea. It also expanded Russian control over economic activities in the Sea of Azov and provided an opening to possible energy resources around the Black Sea. 杩欐¬¡鍚炲苟璁?#28103;?#32515;?#37826;?#37815;?#37832;?#27996;?#23052;?#27035;戞捣鐨?#37825;扮?#24807;叕閲?#23092;峰?#21733;嚎銆傚畠杩?#37813;?#28598;?#27996;嗕縿缃?#37826;?#28725;?#27996;?#38315;?#23092;?#32513;?#23092;庢椿鍔?#37928;?#37818;?#37714;?#38171;屽苟涓轰縿缃?#37826;?#28598;?#37721;?#27035;戞捣?#25030;杈规綔?#28266;?#20824;婧愭?#24874;緵浜嗗¥‘鏈?#37510;? Last year, Putin attended the launch of another major development project – a bridge linking southern Russia to the Crimean city of Kerch. The 19-kilometer bridge cost $3.6 billion to build. A railroad bridge is also being built as Russia seeks to expand direct supply links to Crimea. 鍘诲勾锛屾櫘浜?#37721;?#37716;?#27996;?#37721;?#28051;€椤?#38322;?#28598;?#37721;戝睍椤圭洰鐨?#37722;?#37716;?#38171;屽嵆涓€搴?#26473;?#37818;?#28103;?#32515;?#37826;?#37719;?#38318;?#37724;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜氬?#24225;?#20634;埢璧?#37928;勬¡¥姊?#37510;?#26473;?#25652;?9鍏?#38322;?#37928;勬¡¥姊?#38000;?#29863;?6浜?#32519;?#37711;冨缓閫?#37510;?#38341;忕潃淇?#32515;?#37826;?#28725;绘?#20635;墿澶?#28051;?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#37928;勭?#23384;帴渚涘簲?#25724;锛?#28051;€搴§é搧璺?#22935;?#28052;熸­£?#28266;?#32531;璁惧綋涓?#37510;? Ukraine cut off energy to Crimea and blocked supply shipments from its territory after the annexation. 涔?#37711;?#37711;板湪淇?#32515;?#37826;?#37722;炲苟鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#28052;?#37722;?#38171;?#37714;囨柇浜?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜?#37928;勮兘?#31790;锛屽苟闃?#23005;?#27996;?#37833;?#38007;?#28052;?#37711;?#37711;?#37928;勪?#28056;簲?#25724;銆? While Putin was celebrating the 5th anniversary in Crimea, NATO and the European Union once again criticized the annexation. 褰撴櫘浜¬å湪鍏嬮?#23680;背浜氬?#21977;¥浜斿懆骞存椂锛屽?#26947;害鍜屾¬§鐩?#37712;嶆¬¡鎵?#29831;?#27996;嗕縿缃?#37826;?#37928;?#26473;欐¬¡鍚炲苟銆? In a statement Monday, NATO allies said "we strongly condemn this act, which we do not and will not recognize." The NATO allies also criticized Russia's military buildup in Crimea. 鍖楃害?#28266;?#25030;涓€鍙?#29723;?#37928;?#28051;€浠藉£°鏄庝腑琛?#32448;?#38171;?ldquo;鎴戜滑寮虹?#22563;按璐?#26473;?#28051;€鍚炲苟琛?#28051;?#38171;屼篃涓嶄細鎵?#29825;?#28729;?#37510;?rdquo;鍖楃害鐩?#37733;?#26473;?#37813;?#29831;勪縿缃?#37826;¯å湪鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#37928;勫啗浜嬮›†缁?#37510;? The statement also accused "Russian de-facto" officials in Crimea of carrying out human rights abuses. These included "arbitrary detentions, arrest, and torture" against members of the Crimean Tartar community, NATO said. 璇?#28601;?#37828;?#26473;?#37816;?#37818;?#28103;?#32515;?#37826;¯å湪鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#27996;?#28729;炲?#27194;湪鐨勫畼鍛?#28729;?#37826;戒?#21973;?#30005;姱浜?#37833;?#37928;勮¡Œ涓?#38171;?#37711;?#28051;?#37718;呮嫭瀵?#37711;嬮?#23680;背浜氶瀾闈?#32448;惧尯鎴?#37723;?#37928;?ldquo;浠?#37808;忔‹˜鐣?#38171;岄€?#37817;?#37724;岄叿鍒?rdquo;銆? The statement demanded that Russia "bring an immediate end to all violations and abuses in illegally annexed Crimea" and let international observational organizations into the area. 澹?#37828;庤?#20345;?#20633;縿缃?#37826;?ldquo;绔嬪?#20914;?#28356;­¢?#28266;?#28522;?#30838;鍚炲苟鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#28051;?#37928;?#37813;€鏈変?#30005;姱鍜岃檺寰?#29723;?#28051;?#38171;?rdquo;?#33503;鍏?#29825;?#37733;?#38340;?#29785;傚療缁?#32513;?#26473;涘叆璇?#37734;?#37718;?#37510;? EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini repeated the organization's position that Crimea remains a part of Ukrainian territory, saying Europe stands "in full solidarity with Ukraine." 娆?#37929;?#28598;?#27996;?#37824;?#32475;?#29840;熻矗浜?#29840;?#28000;?#28051;藉崱·鑾?#37929;?#38322;?#28751;? Federica Mogherini)閲?#37922;?#27996;?#29831;?#32513;?#32513;?#37928;?#32468;?#37734;?#38171;屽嵆鍏嬮?#23680;背浜?#28000;嶇劧鏄?#28052;?#37711;?#37711;伴¢†鍦?#37928;?#28051;€閮?#37714;?#38171;屽苟绉版¬§娲?ldquo;瀹?#37711;?#37824;¯æ寔涔?#37711;?#37711;?#37510;?rdquo; I'm Jonathan Evans. 涔旂撼妫?middot;鍩冩?#22248;柉鎶?#38316;?#37510;? [tctab]鑻辨枃[/tctab] Russian President Vladimir Putin marked the fifth anniversary of the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine with a visit to the area. Putin began his trip Monday by overseeing the launch of two new power stations. He praised completion of the centers, which he said will cover up to 90 percent of Crimea’s power needs. Putin said, “Today another important step has been taken to strengthen the energy security of the Crimean Peninsula and of the whole south of the Russian Federation.” The power stations are part of a major effort to make a modern Crimea. It began after Russia seized Crimea from Ukraine in 2014. The annexation of Crimea was condemned by the international community. The European Union (EU) and United States placed economic restrictions on Russia for the action. Ukraine says it wants Crimea back and most countries still recognize it as Ukrainian territory. Putin claims that Russia “re-integrated” Crimea after the ouster of Ukraine’s former pro-Russian president in 2014. He has said the action was necessary to protect ethnic Russians that make up the majority of Crimea’s population from Ukrainian nationalists. The annexation gave Russia hundreds of kilometers of coastline along the Black Sea. It also expanded Russian control over economic activities in the Sea of Azov and provided an opening to possible energy resources around the Black Sea. Last year, Putin attended the launch of another major development project – a bridge linking southern Russia to the Crimean city of Kerch. The 19-kilometer bridge cost $3.6 billion to build. A railroad bridge is also being built as Russia seeks to expand direct supply links to Crimea. Ukraine cut off energy to Crimea and blocked supply shipments from its territory after the annexation. While Putin was celebrating the 5th anniversary in Crimea, NATO and the European Union once again criticized the annexation. In a statement Monday, NATO allies said “we strongly condemn this act, which we do not and will not recognize.” The NATO allies also criticized Russia’s military buildup in Crimea. The statement also accused “Russian de-facto” officials in Crimea of carrying out human rights abuses. These included “arbitrary detentions, arrest, and torture” against members of the Crimean Tartar community, NATO said. The statement demanded that Russia “bring an immediate end to all violations and abuses in illegally annexed Crimea” and let international observational organizations into the area. EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini repeated the organization’s position that Crimea remains a part of Ukrainian territory, saying Europe stands “in full solidarity with Ukraine.” I’m Jonathan Evans. ________________________________________________________________ Words in This Story annexation – n. the taking of territory by a country, state, etc. reintegrate – v. restore to unity de-facto – adj. existing in fact, although not official or legal arbitrary – adj. not based on a system or principles and often seeming unfair ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA?#29238;閫熻嫳璇­ï細姘戜富鍏?#27996;?#28751;嗗尰鐤椾?#28614;仴璁?#26864;?#29785;?#28051;?020骞寸編鍥?#28598;?#38315;?#37928;勫叧閿?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-10200-444309-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Democrats See Health Care as Winning Issue in 2020 US Election Health care in America is again expected to be a deeply divisive issue in the 2020 U.S. presidential election, with Democrats pressing for more government involvement through the concept of "Medicare for All," and Republicans warning of increased taxes and looming socialism. Health care advocates believe that growing public support for protecting and expanding health care programs will help Democrats in 2020, just as the party's focus on this issue helped it win control of the House of Representatives in the 2018 election. “Health care is a winning issue for Democrats. So, I think any way that they focus on health care and solutions is going to be beneficial to them,” said Anne Shoup, with the advocacy group Protect Our Care. Republicans, meanwhile, have been on the defensive of late, unable to agree on a conservative health care alternative to both bring down costs and ensure access to those in need. Congressional Republicans and President Donald Trump failed in their effort to repeal and replace the Obama administration's signature health care program, but over time have reduced its coverage benefits. “Everyone wants to have health care for the sick. No one's trying to deny the sick health care. I think that's an important thing to clarify. What's important is how we achieve that,” said Meridian Paulton, a conservative health policy analyst with The Heritage Foundation. 'Medicare for All' The rising cost of health care continues to be a major concern in the U.S., where a typical family with no serious afflictions can spend over $8,000 a year, or 11 percent of their income on health insurance and basic medical care, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation that studies national health issues. The crowded field of Democratic presidential candidates all endorse health care as a right, and favor a range of plans to achieve or work toward universal health care coverage and bring down costs. The most expansive proposal is Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders’ Medicare For All plan, a government takeover of the $2.5 trillion private health care industry that Sanders first proposed during his failed 2016 presidential election bid. "The goal of a rational health care system is not to make insurance companies billions in profits," Sanders, an independent seeking the Democratic presidential nomination, said at a recent rally in Iowa. "So, we say to the health insurance industry, 'Yes, we will pass a Medicare for All single-payer program." Sanders’ proposal would basically expand government-funded Medicare coverage plans for senior citizens to provide free health care for everyone in the country, funded by higher taxes. Other Democratic candidates who support this single-payer approach that would ban private insurance plans include California Sen. Kamala Harris and Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren. More moderate Democratic hopefuls such as Minnesota Sen. Amy Klobuchar and former Vice President Joe Biden, who reportedly is close to launching his campaign for president, endorse more incremental and pragmatic measures to expand health care that might stand a better chance of passing in a divided Congress. The dilemma Democrats face in the 2020 campaign is whether to nominate a progressive candidate advocating for a complete health care overhaul — which could alienate moderates in the general election — or support a more moderate candidate who may not generate enthusiasm among the liberal base calling for transformational change. Socialism Trump, who is seeking a second term, has criticized Democratic health care proposals as socialism that will stifle individual choice and private enterprise competition. "Democrat lawmakers are now embracing socialism. They want to replace individual rights with total government domination," the president contends. During the 2016 campaign, Trump repeatedly promised not to cut social assistance programs. But in this year’s budget, he has proposed reducing millions of dollars in funding for both Medicare health insurance for seniors, and Medicaid that provides medical assistance to the poor and disabled. Democratic options A recent public opinion poll by the Kaiser Family Foundation showed that 56 percent of Americans favor Medicare For All, and even broader support for incremental improvements to the current system in place. However, public approval for expanding health care drops significantly when confronted with the possibility of doubling taxes to pay for it, and the economic disruption of eliminating the private insurance industry. “They have to believe that what they'd be getting, what would be substituting for what they have now, would be at least as good or attractive to them. And that the increase in the spending on the public side, that would be worth it to them,” said Linda Blumberg, an economist with the Health Policy Center at the Urban Institute, a Washington think tank.. An incremental alternative that is gaining wider support among the American public, Blumberg says, is a government “public option” coverage plan to compete against private insurance companies. Shifting support The Affordable Care Act of 2010 increased access to health insurance by expanding Medicaid and providing insurance subsidies to working class families, while keeping in place the private sector health care and insurance industries. The ACA, also known as Obamacare, was criticized for not containing the rising cost of health care, driven in part by a lack of competition in some markets, and by the role of for-profit insurance companies that charge excessive administrative fees. Tea Party groups, limited government activists opposed to what they viewed as an increasing government takeover of the private health care industry, organized widespread Obamacare protests that helped the Republican Party win control of Congress in 2011 and to elect Trump in 2016. However, Republican efforts in the last two years to repeal Obamacare failed, in large part because opponents did not have a clear alternative, and because the public favored keeping many elements of the ACA, particularly the prohibition against denying anyone health insurance because of pre-existing conditions such as a long-standing illness or pregnancy. ]]></description> </item><item><title>鑻?#29831;?#29831;?#29815;€瀛?#28052;狅細涓?#37733;?#37711;昏€?#37714;?#25652;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-9910-444228-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Welcome again to the daily magazine show As It Is. For VOA Learning English, I’m Mario Ritter. In this program, we hear about China’s slowing economy and what that means for some of its neighbors. But first, we told you in one of our earlier programs about a new Chinese law that requires adults to care for their aging parents. Today we report on some of the issues facing 200 million Chinese over the age of 60. Jim Tedder has more. A new law in China requires adults to provide mental and financial support to their aging parents. If adults fail to honor this responsibility, they face fines and other punishment. The measure became law earlier this month. It is placing hardships on children who struggle to live up to traditional values of family loyalty. Until recently, it was common to find several generations of Chinese families living in one house. But, the need to find jobs, follow a career path and become financially independent is forcing many young people to leave home. Often, older parents are left behind. Han Yujing directs the Qianhe retirement home in Beijing. He believes that it is easy for younger generations of single children to lose contact with their parents. “They live in a transition time where have both older and younger generations to look after. Here they have their work and their career. They have to try and manage elder parents, family and work, allocating the right amount of energy and resources.” The retirement home opened for business this year. About 50 older adults live there now. Mister Han says the home eases the concerns of men and women who want their parents to receive the kind of physical and emotional care they can no longer give. He says they want their parents to live in dignity and not face loneliness while they are living somewhere else. For this, the children are willing to pay about $650 a month. Lu Jiehua is a professor of population studies at Peking University. He says 90 percent of older adults live off their family’s support. However, as the number of children shrinks because of family planning policies, there are few supporting resources for the elderly. By the end of the year, China will have more than 200 million people over the age of 60. With the new law requiring adults to support their aging parents, many see business possibilities. Websites like Taobao, an online store, are offering services to visit older people in place of their children. Since the beginning of July, more than 100 elderly care service providers have been registered on the website. The providers offer families a different way of showing family loyalty at prices that go from about two dollars to more than $300. However, Professor Lu Jiehua says caring for the emotional needs of parents is usually more difficult than providing for their material well-being. “People who work in a different city send money home to their elder parents and provide material support. But the biggest problem is when they get ill. Who is going to look after them? These children live miles away and the elders also suffer emotionally.” There are also moral questions the law cannot fix. Professor Lu says the issue of family loyalty and taking care of parents involve moral issues that cannot be solved by enforcing a law. While the measure can make a difference, it can also cause families to pull away from each other and the elderly. A woman in Jiangsu province was the first to take action against her daughter under the law. A court ordered the young woman to give money to her mother and visit her every two months. To free younger adults from being the only ones responsible for their parents, China’s government is now urging more community and institutional support for the elderly. Slowing Growth in China Could Affect Its Neighbors Economists are warning that China’s slowing economic growth may be something for neighboring countries to worry about. Milagros Ardin has more. . Last week, China reported that its economy grew seven and a half percent between April and June, compared to the year before. The growth rate was generally what economists expected. But it was far less than nearly 10 percent rate that China experienced for many years. The slowdown is partly the result of continuing weakness in the international economy and the policies of China’s central government. Chinese officials have been working to cool some areas of the economy by making it harder to borrow and by permitting the value of the country’s money, the yuan, to rise. The slowing Chinese economy has increased concern across East Asia and the Pacific. China’s continued growth has helped the area survive the international economic crisis since 2008. Donghyun Park is an economist with the Asian Development Bank. He says the slower growth shows China’s past policy of “growth at all costs” may have passed. “The Chinese authorities are more than prepared to swallow or accept slower growth in exchange for greater stability down the road.” In recent years, China’s government has provided support to investors and lenders to keep the economy growing at almost 10 percent a year. Such growth lifted millions out of poverty. But the expanding economy also led to rising concerns about its environmental and social effect. Now that China is willing to control growth, nearby countries are predicting slower growth in their most important industries. For years, Australia and Indonesia have profited from China’s demand for raw, unprocessed, materials. Mr. Park says the outlook for economies in Asia and the Pacific is a mixed one. But in the end, what is good for China is also good for the rest of the area. I’m Milagros Ardin. We hope you enjoyed today’s show. Let us know what you think by visiting our website, learningenglish.voanews.com. ]]></description> </item><item><title>鑻?#29831;?#29831;?#29815;€瀛?#28052;狅細鎯?#37814;¥æ悳闆?#28051;庢儏鎶?#23049;勯湶 http://www.5890738.com/show-9910-444227-1.html 鐧?#27996;?#37721;?#28052;?#28051;€杈嗗崱杞?#29722;?#37716;?缁撳眬鍗?#37714;?#37808;?#28598;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-7804-444223-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Tulsa police arrested a man after he stole a Pepsi truck in Oklahoma while trying to get to the airport. 濉?#28751;旇惃è­¦æ柟閫?#37817;?#27996;?#28051;€鍚?#37922;峰瓙锛?#29831;?#37922;峰?#24876;湪淇勫?#23339;媺?#23886;椹?#23480;炲伔浜?#28051;€杈嗙櫨浜?#37721;?#28052;?#28729;?#37928;勫崱杞?#29863;?#23536;€鏈?#37734;?#37510;? Steven Hart reportedly had an argument with his girlfriend and jumped in the truck to follow her to the airport. 鎹?#37814;?#38316;?#38171;屽湪鍜屽¥³鏈?#37721;?#37722;?#37835;?#37722;?#38171;孲teven Hart璺?#28051;?#26473;欒?#21975;崱杞?#37720;?#26473;藉墠寰€鏈?#37734;?#37928;勫¥³鏈?#37721;?#37510;? The delivery guy driving the truck said he jumped out of the back after he felt the truck begin to move according to the Associated Press. 鎹?#32519;?#38001;旂¤¾鎶?#38316;?#38171;屽紑杩欒?#21975;崱杞?#37928;勯€?#29840;?#37723;?#29831;?#28000;栧湪鍙?#37916;?#37719;?#26462;¦å紑濮?#37716;?#28052;?#37722;?#28751;辫烦涓?#27996;嗚溅銆? When the police finally caught up with the truck half-an-hour later, Hart ditched the big rig, which then rolled into a school bus. According to police, no one was hurt. 鍗?#28751;忔椂鍚?#38171;岃­¦瀵?#32513;?#27996;?#26473;戒笂浜?#26473;欒?#21975;崱杞?#38171;?#26473;欐椂Hart宸?#32513;忓純杞?#38000;岄€?#27996;?#38171;?#26473;欒締澶?#37719;?#26462;¦é殢鍚庢挒涓?#27996;?#28051;€杈?#37837;?#26462;?#37510;傝­¦?#26591;绉版病鏈夐€?#37812;?#28028;?#27996;?#37510;? Let’s think about this. This guy saw a Pepsi truck and thought to himself that it was the fastest way to his girlfriend at the airport, regardless of the fact that he was committing larceny. 濂藉?#33445;兂涓€涓?#38171;?#26473;?#28729;?#28028;欑湅鍒?#28051;€杈嗙櫨浜?#37928;勫崱杞?#38171;?#28751;?#26916;?#28051;?#28051;婃兂杩?#37711;?#28729;?#37828;?#37929;?#32464;?#38171;?#37721;ªè兘鎯?#37714;?#26473;?#37828;?#26473;戒笂瑕佸幓鏈?#37734;?#37928;勫¥³鏈?#37721;?#37832;€蹇?#37928;勬?#35268;硶銆? Now that’s love…or insanity. I’m still a little unsure. 杩?#37828;?#37910;辨儏……杩?#37828;?#37924;?#37913;?#38171;?#37812;?#26473;?#37828;?#28051;?#28598;§è兘鑲?#28729;?#37510;?     I’d like to hear more from the girlfriend about this though. Did she see this as a romantic gesture at all? I guess it doesn’t really matter, considering he’s been booked in the county jail. 鎴戞兂鍚?#37722;¬ç湅濂?#37832;?#37721;?#37711;?#27996;庢­¤浜?#37928;?#37808;熸兂銆傚¥¹浼氳§‰寰?#26473;?#37828;¯æ氮婕?#37928;?#28051;惧姩鍚?鎴戜及璁?#26473;?#28052;?#28051;?#38322;嶈¦锛?#23011;?#32468;烪art宸?#32513;忓叆鐙?#27996;?#37510;? The AP article says he tried to escape from the jail when he was being booked. What a madman. I hope these people get married. Just think about telling your kids how you realized you were in love. 缇?#38001;旂¤¾鐨?#37814;?#38316;?#29831;?#28000;栧湪琚?#38315;?#37928;勬椂鍊?#29831;?#37733;捐秺鐙?#37510;?#28598;氱柉鐨?#28051;€涓?#37922;?#37928;勫晩銆?#37812;?#29999;?#37832;?#28000;栦咯缁撳©š銆傛兂鎯崇湅鍒版椂鍊?#32513;欏­©瀛愪滑瑙?#38322;?#28003;?#37828;?#37804;庝箞鍙?#37916;?#38007;?#23480;?#38340;?#37711;?#37910;辨儏鐨?#37922;?#38344;?#37510;? “Well, your father and I got into an argument and so he stole a Pepsi truck to chase me down. He ended up in jail instead, but I knew it was love then!” “棰?#38171;?#28003;犵埜鍜?#37812;?#35120;撴椂鍚?#27996;?#28051;€鏋?#38171;岀劧鍚庝粬灏?#37707;?#27996;?#28051;€杈嗙櫨浜?#37928;勫崱杞?#37833;?#26473;?#37812;?#37510;傝櫧?#21159;鏈€鍚庝粬杩?#37929;戠嫳浜?#38171;?#28003;?#37812;戜篃鏄?#38317;£æ椂鏅?#23536;?#27996;?#37812;戜滑涔嬮棿鏄¯ç湡?#22477;!” ]]></description> </item><item><title>鐗规柉?#23226;CEO椹?#37826;?#37711;?#29781;佸湪鐏?#37828;?#28051;婂缓鍏?#37733;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-7804-444222-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Elon Musk knows that getting to Mars won’t be a walk in the park — but he says you’ll at least be able to walk in a park after you get there. 鍩?#38341;?middot;椹?#37826;?#37711;?#37933;?#38316;撳幓鐏?#37828;?#37721;?#28051;?#37709;忓湪鍏?#37733;?#38322;?#37825;?#23005;?#38317;£ä箞瀹?#37828;?#38171;?#28051;嶈繃浠?#29831;?ldquo;?#28266;鍏?#37733;?#37825;?#23005;?rdquo;鏄?#28003;犲埌?#25578;鐏?#37828;?#28052;?#37722;庤兘?#20187;鐨?#37832;€?#29056;鏈?#37928;?#27996;?#37807;?#28052;?#28051;€銆? That’s the latest vision of potential life on Mars from the billionaire CEO of SpaceX and Tesla, who has plans to transport humans to the distant planet by 2024. 杩?#37828;?#26473;?#28003;嶇?#35268;柉?#23226;鍜孲paceX鍏?#37721;?#38892;?#28000;风櫨浜?#37928;凜EO瀵?#27996;?#37903;?#37828;?#37922;熸椿鐨?#37832;€鏂扮晠鎯?#38171;屼粬绔?#36423;?#29781;佸湪2024骞存妸浜虹被閫?#37714;?#26473;?#28051;?#38316;?#26473;滄槦鐞?#37510;? Musk, who has said there’s even a good chance he’ll eventually move to Mars himself, said in an interview with Popular Mechanics this week that a future Mars base could include parks to help create “an outdoorsy, fun atmosphere” on the arid planet. 椹?#37826;?#37711;?#29825;?#28051;?#38007;?#23480;?#37832;?#37922;?#28052;嬪勾鎴?#29825;歌兘澶?#32457;诲±…鍒扮伀鏄?#37720;?#38171;屼粬?#28266;鏈¬å懆鎺?#37721;—Popular Mechanics閲?#29825;挎椂绉?#38171;屽湪鏈?#37833;?#37928;?#37903;?#37828;熷熀鍦?#28051;婂缓閫犲叕鍥­è兘澶?#29999;?#37716;©å湪杩?#28051;?#39582;?#37827;?#37928;?#37828;?#37918;?#28051;?#37714;?#38315;?#28051;€涓?#37812;?#28598;?#37510;佹¬¢涔?#37928;勬皵姘?#37510;? Musk has said that his goal is for SpaceX to send its first unmanned rocket to Mars by 2022, and that rockets carrying both crew and cargo could potentially reach the planet just two years after that. 椹?#37826;?#37711;?#32457;°SpaceX鐨勭洰鏍囧氨鏄¯å湪2022骞?#37721;?#28751;勭¬¬涓€鏋?#37832;?#37723;?#37722;嶇伀绠?#37720;?#37903;?#37828;?#38171;?#28051;?#39582;翠箣鍚?#28751;?#37721;¯è兘甯¦ç潃鑸?#37723;?#37724;?#29840;?#37911;?#37720;?#37510;? While discussing the logistics of colonizing Mars, including building human-friendly living spaces, Musk told Popular Mechanics that food could be grown on solar-powered hydroponic farms located either underground or in an enclosed structure. ?#28266;璋堝?#29256;?#26664;皯鐏?#37828;?#37928;?#37911;?#23092;佹椂锛?#38340;?#27996;嗛€?#37722;堝±…浣?#37928;勭©º闂?#28000;?#28598;?#38171;屼粬杩?#37723;?#29831;‰Popular Mechanics椋?#37911;©è兘澶熷湪鍦?#28051;?#37812;?#38000;?#37828;?#28751;?#38338;?#32513;撴瀯鐨?#28598;?#38339;宠兘姘磋€?#37734;?#37922;?#38336;?#37510;? “Earth hydroponics will work fine,” Musk says in the interview, referring to the process of growing plants in water instead of soil. 椹?#37826;?#37711;嬫彁鍒?#26473;?#27996;涙?#23943;墿?#32048;鐢?#23000;村Ÿ¹浠?#37831;?#37734;熷£¤锛岄©¬鍏?#37804;濆湪閲?#29825;?#28051;?#32457;帮細“鍦扮悆寮?#37928;勬?#30923;€?#32513;濆?#35268;病鏈?#38338;?#26864;?#37510;?rdquo; A future Mars colony could even create a taste of home by building enclosed glass domes with plant life inside, where humans could walk around without space-suits, much like a park on Earth. 鏈?#37833;?#37928;?#37903;?#37828;熸?#26664;皯鍦?#28051;?#38171;?#37922;氳嚦?#32048;閫犲嚭?#21812;?#30086;鏈夋?#23943;墿鐢?#37723;?#37928;勫皝闂?#37916;荤拑绌?#26916;?#38171;屼汉?#34987;鍙?#28000;?#28051;嶇©¿澶?#32460;?#37832;嶅湪閲岄潰琛?#29863;?#38171;?#23536;堝?#24531;?#25198;悆涓?#37928;勫叕鍥?#37510;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>浣犵煡閬?#37721;?#37721;?#37721;?#28052;?#28051;€骞?#37928;勫?#25118;枡鍖呰£…閲?#37828;?#28598;?#28751;?#37722;?#38171;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-7804-444221-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[浣犺兘鎯?#29854;?5000澶磋摑椴?#37928;?#28003;?#32457;?#37722;?杩?#28751;?#37828;?#37721;?#37721;?#37721;?#28052;?#28051;€骞?#37922;?#37818;?#37928;勫?#25118;枡鎬?#38322;?#37510;? 鍙?#37721;?#37721;?#28052;?#37711;?#37721;?#37827;?#37715;嶉?#26663;害鎶?#38343;?#27996;?#23011;忓?#26449;湪浜?#37725;佸?#21616;£…涓?#37922;?#37818;?#37928;勫?#25118;枡鏁?#38322;?#38171;?#28051;庢­¤鍚屾椂锛屽?#21614;嫭闆€宸?#37510;?#23480;?#28729;濊帀銆侀?#27200;湶娲佸湪?#21812;鐨?#28598;?#28729;?#28028;?#28051;?#28052;?#37711;¬å紑浜?#38007;?#23480;?#37922;?#37818;?#37928;勫?#25118;枡鍖呰£…鏁?#38322;?#38171;屽苟鎵?#29831;?#28751;?#38322;?#37922;?#37831;?#37916;?#28103;?#37928;勫?#21616;?#21614;柟寮?#37510;? Bottles of Coca-Cola are seen at a Carrefour Hypermarket store in Montreuil, near Paris, France, February 5, 2018. REUTERS/Regis Duvignau/File Photo   For the first time, Coca-Cola has revealed it used three million tonnes of plastic packaging in one year. 鍙?#37721;?#37721;?#28052;?#26851;栧害閫?#38343;?#38171;?#28051;€骞?#37922;?#27996;庝骇鍝佸?#21616;£…鐨勫?#25118;?#27408;湁300涓?#37722;?#37510;? It's part of a report by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation which is pushing for companies and governments to do more to tackle plastic pollution. 杩?#28051;€?#20426;鎭?#37833;?#38007;ªè壘浼?middot;?#23475;鍏嬮?#36328;?#29111;熀閲戜細鐨?#37814;?#37723;?#38171;?#26473;?#28000;芥姤鍛?#37825;¦ä績浼?#28051;氬拰鏀?#25652;?#38322;囧彇鏇?#28598;氳¡Œ鍔?#37833;?#25652;斿?#29808;?#25118;?#27408;薄鏌?#37510;? In total, 150 companies are pledging to reduce their plastic usage as part of the campaign. ?#28266;杩欐¬¡娲?#37716;?#28051;?#38171;?#37711;?50瀹?#28028;?#28051;?#37813;?#29831;?#28751;嗗?#24531;皯濉戞枡浣?#37922;?#37510;? But some companies including Pepsi, L'Oreal and H&M haven't said how much plastic they use. 涓嶈?#22247;?#21614;嫭鐧?#27996;?#37510;佹¬§鑾?#38342;?#37724;孒&M?#28266;?#21812;鐨?#28051;€浜涘叕鍙?#26473;?#23052;?#37832;?#37711;?#29999;?#38007;?#23480;?#28003;?#37922;?#27996;?#28598;?#28751;戝?#25118;枡銆? It's hard to visualize what three million tonnes looks like. But everyone can picture a blue whale. 寰堥毦鎯?#29854;?00涓?#37722;?#28617;戞枡鏄?#28051;?#28000;€涔堢敾闈?#37510;?#28051;嶈繃澶?#28729;跺簲璇¥è兘鎯?#29854;¡å嚭涓€澶磋摑椴?#37928;?#28598;?#28751;?#37510;? Now picture 15,000 of them. That's roughly three million tonnes. 鎯?#29854;?5000澶磋摑椴?#37928;?#37922;?#38344;?#37510;?#26473;?#28751;?#37828;?00涓?#37722;?#28617;戞枡鐨?#28598;?#22994;?#28003;?#32457;?#37510;? In 2018, the company announced a pledge to recycle a used bottle or can for each one the company sells by 2030. 2018骞?#38171;?#37721;?#37721;?#37721;?#28052;?#37711;?#37721;?#37711;¬å紑鎵?#29831;?#38171;?#37714;?030骞?#25652;?#38171;?#37711;?#37721;?#23011;忓?#26663;嚭涓€鐡?缃愰¥®鏂?#38171;?#28751;变細鍥?#37824;?#28051;€涓?#37922;?#26473;?#37928;勭摱/缃?#37510;? Coca-Cola markets 500 brands of fizzy drink, juices and water and says it will also work towards making all of its packaging recyclable worldwide. 鍙?#37721;?#37721;?#28052;?#37711;?#37721;?#37711;?#37832;?00涓?#37725;佺墝鐨勬?#33445;按銆?#37835;滄?#20344;?#23684;¥®鐢?#23000;村湪甯?#37734;?#28051;婂嚭鍞?#38171;?#29831;?#37711;?#37721;?#29723;?#32448;?#38171;?#28751;?#27996;?#37721;?#37814;?#28051;?#37923;岃寖鍥村唴鐨勫彲鍙?#37721;?#28052;?#37718;呰£…閮?#37721;?#37812;?#37721;?#37733;?#37824;?#37714;?#37922;?#37928;?#37510;? Many companies have been committing to being more green after concerns about plastic waste were highlighted in shows such as the BBC's Blue Planet 2, narrated by Sir David Attenborough. 姝¤å墠锛?#37922;辩埍鐧诲牎鐖?#28601;?#29785;?#29831;?#37928;„BBC銆婅?#28618;壊鏄?#37918;?銆嬬瓑鑺傜洰鍑?#37828;?#27996;嗗?#25118;枡搴?#37911;?#37928;?#38338;?#26864;?#38171;?#23534;?#37721;戜簡浜轰滑鐨勬媴蹇?#37510;傝®¸澶?#28028;?#28051;?#23480;?#37813;?#29831;?#28751;?#37721;?#23536;?#37831;?#37916;?#28103;?#37510;? In this report, 31 companies - including Mars, Nestlé and Danone - reveal how much plastic packaging they create in a year. ?#28266;杩?#28000;芥姤鍛?#28051;?#38171;屽?#21614;嫭鐜涙皬銆?#38342;€宸?#37724;岃揪?#20824;?#28266;?#21812;鐨?1瀹?#37711;?#37721;?#38315;?#38343;?#27996;?#38007;?#23480;?#28051;€骞村唴鍒堕€?#37928;勫?#25118;枡鍖呰£…鏁?#38322;?#37510;? Nestle: 1.7m tonnes. Colgate: 287,008 tonnes in 2018. Unilever: 610,000 tonnes. Burberry: 200 tonnes of plastic in a year. 闆€宸¢ï細170涓?#37722;? 楂橀湶娲侊細287008鍚?2018骞? 鑱?#37722;堝埄鍗庯細61涓?#37722;? 宸?#28729;濊帀?#32048;涓€骞?00鍚?#28617;戞枡 Companies are trying to be more open about how much plastic they use - and how much waste they create. 浼?#28051;?#38318;藉湪灏?#29831;?#37711;¬å紑鑷?#23480;?#28003;?#37922;?#37928;勫?#25118;枡浠?#37721;?#37714;堕€?#37928;勫瀮鍦惧?#29111;搧鏁?#38322;?#37510;? In February 2019, Nestle got rid of plastic straws from its products and is using paper ones instead. 2019骞?鏈?#38171;岄泙宸?#37821;?#23534;?#27996;?#27996;§å搧涓?#37928;勫?#25118;枡鍚?#32480;?#38171;?#37922;?#32510;?#37722;?#32480;?#37721;?#38000;屼唬涔?#37510;? Burberry was criticized in 2018, when it said it destroyed unsold clothes, accessories and perfume worth £28.6m to protect its brand. 2018骞?#38171;?#23480;?#28729;濊?#22794;洜鑷?#32457;?#28051;?#27996;嗕繚鎶?#37725;佺?#23683;€?#23011;佹?#22793;环鍊?860涓?#38011;遍•‘(2.5浜?#37711;?#27996;烘皯甯?鐨?#37832;?#37726;?#37832;嶈£…銆侀?#26495;?#20344;?#23684;?#27408;?#30923;€?#37721;?#37714;?#27996;?#37813;?#29831;?#37510;? It's now stopped the practice. 鐜板湪宸?#28729;濊帀宸?#32513;?#32513;?#23005;?#27996;?#26473;?#28051;€?#20187;?#30838;銆? 150 companies have signed up to be part of The Ellen MacArthur Foundation's commitment to reduce plastic pollution. 宸?#37832;?50瀹?#37711;?#37721;稿湪?#22744;浼?middot;?#23475;鍏嬮?#36328;?#29111;熀閲戜細鍑忓皯濉戞?#27408;薄鏌?#37928;?#37813;?#29831;轰功涓婄?#24807;瓧銆? ]]></description> </item><item><title>绾界害鐨?#28051;?#37733;?#37804;?#26864;?#27996;嬮?#21975;紑閫?#37824;?#28000;?#28729;濆拰寰®ä俊鏀?#28000;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444219-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[The Chinese Consulate General in New York on Wednesday introduced mobile payments for its consular services charges, becoming the first Chinese diplomatic mission in the United States to adopt this form of payment. 浠庡懆涓夊紑濮?#38171;岀?#30028;害鐨?#28051;?#37733;?#37804;?#26864;?#27996;嬮¦†鐨勭浉鍏?#37832;?#37716;?#29840;?#37922;?#37721;?#28000;?#37922;¨æ墜鏈?#37824;?#28000;?#27996;?#38171;?#26473;?#29825;?#28000;栦滑鎴?#28051;?#27996;嗛¦–涓ªå湪缇?#37733;戒娇鐢?#23005;?#32457;?#27996;?#37828;撴柟寮?#37928;?#28051;?#37733;?#28598;?#27996;?#28003;?#37733;?#37510;? Besides for traditional cash and credit card payments, WeChat pay and Alipay are now available for clients, which is expected to greatly shorten the transaction time. 闄?#27996;?#28028;犵粺鐨?#37916;?#38322;?#37724;屼俊鐢?#37719;?#37928;?#37824;?#28000;樻柟寮?#28000;?#28598;?#38171;?#37916;板湪瀹?#37812;蜂?#29115;兘鐢?#23536;®ä俊鍜?#37824;?#28000;?#28729;?#37824;?#28000;?#38171;?#26473;欓¢„鏈熻兘澶?#28598;?#28598;?#32514;©ç煭浜?#37828;?#37928;勬椂闂?#37510;? The payments can be made in Chinese Yuan only, with the original U.S. dollar amount converted by the exchange rate by WeChat pay and Alipay. There will be no other additional charges for the transactions. 浜?#37828;?#37721;?#37818;?#37721;?#27996;?#37722;?#29999;?#37824;?#28000;?#38171;?#23536;®ä俊鍜?#37824;?#28000;?#28729;?#28028;氳嚜鍔?#37814;?#32519;?#38322;戞?#22795;?#22249;巼杞?#37817;?#37812;?#27996;烘皯甯?#37928;勫崟浣?#37510;?#27996;?#37828;?#28051;嶄細鍔?#37824;堕¢澶?#29840;?#37922;?#37510;? According to Huang Ping, the Chinese consul-general in New York, there are over 1.2 million overseas Chinese in the 10 states on the U.S. East Coast that belong to his consular district, and most of their mobile phones are equipped with WeChat pay or Alipay thanks to the rapid growth and ever-increasing popularity of mobile payments back in China over the recent years. 鏍规嵁?#28266;绾界害鐨?#28051;?#37733;?#26937;荤編鍥?#37804;?#26864;?#27996;嬮?#21227;钩(闊?#29831;?绉?#38171;岀編鍥戒?#28356;捣宀?#37928;?0涓?#23480;?#37928;勮秴杩?20涓?#37928;?#28051;?#37733;戒汉褰?#28000;?#37813;€杈?#37510;傚緱鐩?#27996;?#26473;戝勾鏉?#28051;?#37733;?#37928;?#32457;?#37716;?#37824;?#28000;樻柟寮忓彉寰楄秺鏉¥è秺娴?#29723;?#38171;屽?#28858;暱閫?#25652;?#26891;炲崌锛?#37813;€浠?#28598;?#38318;?#37714;?#23092;?#28598;栧?#24221;汉鐨勬墜鏈?#28051;?#38318;借£…鏈?#26473;?#28051;ªå簲鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#37510;? "We should keep pace with the times, provide more convenience for these potential clients, and make our services better and more efficient," said Huang, adding that the new payment service also covers non-Chinese clients who use WeChat pay and Alipay. 榛?#29831;达細“鎴戜滑瑕?#28051;庢椂淇?#26473;?#38171;屾兂鎴戜滑鐨勬綔?#28266;瀹?#37812;锋?#24874;緵?#26591;渚?#38171;?#29825;?#37812;戜滑鐨?#37832;?#37716;?#37831;村¥½鏇?#37832;?#37825;堢巼銆?rdquo;浠?#26473;?#29723;?#37711;?#29831;磋繖涓?#37826;?#37928;?#37824;?#28000;樻柟寮?#28052;熷¯¹閭?#27996;?#28003;?#37922;?#23536;®ä俊鍜?#37824;?#28000;?#28729;?#37928;勯潪涓?#37733;?#37711;¬æ皯?#32017;鏀?#38171;? In the past year, the Chinese Consulate General in New York has rolled out a slew of measures to its services, including online passport renewal application, reduced processing times, lower charges, and simplified application requirements, according to Consul-general Huang. 鏍规嵁鎬?#26864;?#27996;嬮粍鐨?#29831;存硶锛?#37720;诲勾锛屽湪绾界害鐨?#37804;?#26864;嗛?#21975;嚭鍙?#27996;?#28051;€绯?#37714;?#37819;愰珮鏈?#37716;?#37928;勬?#35268;硶锛屽?#21614;嫭锛?#32515;戜?#23107;姢鐓?#37831;存柊鐨?#37922;?#29831;?#38171;岀缉?#29037;浜?#28598;勭悊?#26882;闂?#38171;岄檷?#32134;浜?#29840;?#37922;?#38171;岀畝?#23538;浜?#37922;?#29831;?#29781;佹眰銆? ]]></description> </item><item><title>闃?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;?.9浜?#32519;?#37711;?#37814;?#29863;?#37922;?#38315;氬揩閫?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444218-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Alibaba Group Holding Ltd will take a 14 percent stake in STO Express Co Ltd through a $693 million deal, the e-commerce giant’s fourth significant investment in a Chinese courier company. 闃?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;?#38342;?#37733;?#37818;?#38002;?#37832;?#38340;?#37711;?#37721;?#28751;?#37722;?#37922;?#38315;氬揩閫?#37832;?#38340;?#37711;?#37721;告敞璧?.93浜?#32519;?#37711;?#38171;岃幏寰?#29831;?#37711;?#37721;?4%鐨勮偂浠?#38171;?#26473;?#37828;?#29831;?#37922;靛晢宸?#28598;?#37722;戜腑鍥藉揩閫?#37711;?#37721;?#37814;?#37711;?#37928;勭¬¬鍥?#23046;?#38322;?#28598;?#37814;?#29863;?#37510;? Shares in STO Express shot up when trading opened and immediately hit the upper 10 percent limit on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, according to Refinitiv data. 鎹甊efinitiv(鍓嶈韩涓烘堡妫?#29882;?#38315;?#38322;戣ž涓?#26891;?#38340;?#38318;?#38338;?鏁版嵁鏄剧¤º锛岃偂甯傚紑鐩?#28052;?#37722;?#37922;?#38315;氬揩閫?#37928;勮偂绁?#26891;?#37719;?#38171;岀?#23342;©¬涓婃定浜?0%锛岃?#24807;埌浜嗘繁鍦?#29831;?#37714;?#27996;?#37828;撴墍鐨勮偂绁?#23057;?#39582;?#28051;?#38340;?#37510;? STO Express said in a statement on Monday its controlling shareholder planned to set up a new subsidiary that will own a 29.9 percent stake in the courier firm. ?#25030;涓€鐢?#38315;氬揩閫掑湪涓€浠藉£°鏄庝腑琛?#32448;?#38171;?#37711;?#37818;?#38002;?#38002;?#28051;?#29825;?#37714;?#29825;?#32468;?#28051;€涓?#37826;?#37928;勫瓙鍏?#37721;?#38171;?#29831;?#28699;?#37711;?#37721;?#28751;嗘嫢鏈?#37711;?9.9%鐨勮偂浠?#37510;? Alibaba will in turn invest 4.66 billion yuan ($693.44 million) for a 49 percent stake in the new subsidiary, and by extension hold more than 14 percent of STO Express, the statement said. 璇?#28601;?#37828;?#32457;?#38171;岄樋閲?#23480;?#23480;?#28751;?#37722;?#26473;?#28729;?#37826;?#37928;勫瓙鍏?#37721;?#37814;?#29863;?6.6浜?#37711;?6.9344浜?#32519;?#37711;?锛岃幏寰?#37711;?9%鐨勮偂浠?#38171;?#37922;辨­¤鍙?#37818;?#29825;?#38171;岄樋閲?#23480;?#23480;?#28751;嗚幏寰?#37922;?#38315;氬揩閫?4%鐨勮偂浠?#37510;? Alibaba, in a separate statement, confirmed its investment in “one of the top five express delivery companies in China”. 闃?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;村湪涓€浠藉崟鐙?#37928;勫£°鏄庝腑璇?#28729;?#38171;?#28729;?#37814;?#29863;?#27996;?ldquo;涓?#37733;戒簲澶?#36423;?#38315;?#37711;?#37721;?#28052;?#28051;€”銆? “We will deepen our existing collaboration with STO in technology, last-mile delivery across China and New Retail logistics ,” it said. 闃?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;磋¡¨绀?#38171;?ldquo;鎴戜滑灏?#37716;犳繁涓?#37922;?#38315;氬揩閫掑湪鎶€鏈?#37510;?#37711;?#28051;?#37733;?#37832;€鍚庝竴鑻?#38322;?#37928;勯?#23945;€?#37832;?#37716;?#28000;?#37721;婃柊闆跺敭鐗?#23092;?#28051;?#37928;?#37916;?#37832;?#37722;堜綔銆?rdquo; “This investment is a step forward in our pursuit of the goal of 24-hour-delivery anywhere in China and 72 hours globally,” Alibaba added. “鎴戜滑鐨勭洰鏍?#37828;?#28729;?#37916;?#28051;?#37733;?#37722;勫湴24灏忔椂?#21812;閰嶉€?#38171;?#37711;?#37918;?2灏忔椂?#21812;閰嶉€?#38171;?#26473;?#26916;规姇璧?#28003;?#37812;戜滑?#28266;杩芥眰杩?#28051;€鐩?#37837;?#37928;勯?#25785;矾涓?#26473;?#26473;?#27996;?#28051;€姝?#38171;?rdquo;闃?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;磋¡¥鍏?#38316;?#37510;? STO Express is one of several companies that works with Alibaba under Cainiao, its logistics division launched in 2013. 鐢?#38315;氬揩閫?#37828;?#28051;?#38339;?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;存棗涓?#37928;勮彍楦熻仈鐩?#37722;堜綔鐨勫?#29362;®¶鍏?#37721;?#28052;?#28051;€锛岃彍楦熻仈鐩?#37828;?#38339;?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;?#27996;?013骞?#37812;?#32468;?#37928;?#28000;庝簨鐗?#23092;?#28051;?#37716;?#37928;勫垎鍏?#37721;?#37510;? Cainiao provides software and shares data with warehouses, carriers and other logistics companies that help deliver packages to shoppers on Tmall and Taobao, Alibaba’s largest e-commerce sites. 鑿?#26982;熻仈鐩?#28051;轰?#25779;簱銆?#37813;?#26473;?#27996;轰互鍙?#37711;?#28000;?#37911;?#23092;?#37711;?#37721;告?#24874;緵杞?#28000;?#37510;?#37711;?#27996;?#37825;版嵁锛屼互姝?#37719;?#37716;?#28598;©ç尗鍜屾窐瀹?#26916;惧®¢鐨勫?#21616;£¹閫?#38315;?#38171;岃€?#28598;©ç尗鍜屾窐瀹?#37828;?#38339;?#38322;?#23480;?#23480;?#37832;€澶?#37928;?#37922;靛晢缃?#32468;?#37510;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>涓?#38346;?#28051;?#37733;?#29781;?#38001;旀墜鈥滄礂鈥?#29863;?#38342;鹃溇锛?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444217-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[South Korea And China Are Using Artificial Rain to 'Wash Away' Air Pollution. 闊?#37733;藉拰涓?#37733;芥­£?#28266;鐢?#27996;?#23480;¥é檷闆?ldquo;娲?#37818;?rdquo;绌烘皵姹?#37836;?#37510;? Air pollution is a major problem no matter where you live, but it can get particularly bad in Seoul, the capital of South Korea – and so the government authorities are taking drastic action to try and deal with the smog that settles over the city. 涓嶈®º浣犲湪鍝?#38322;?#37922;熸椿锛岀?#28888;皵姹?#37836;?#38318;?#37828;?#28051;€澶?#38338;?#26864;?#38171;?#28003;嗛煩鍥?#26851;?#38318;?#26851;?#28751;?#37928;勭?#28888;皵姹?#37836;?#38338;?#26864;?#37721;¯è兘灏?#37711;?#28051;?#38322;?#38171;屽洜姝?#38346;?#37733;?#37824;?#25652;滄­£閲囧彇鏋佺«¯鎺?#37826;?#28751;?#29831;?#29785;?#37712;崇¬¼缃©ç潃杩?#28051;?#37737;庡競鐨勯?#40515;溇銆? The latest plan from President Moon Jae-in is to create artificial rain showers to effectively wash the air pollution out of the sky. It's a strategy we've seen before, but there's still no solid evidence that it actually works. 鏂囧湪瀵?#37804;?#32513;?#37928;?#37832;€鏂?#29825;?#37714;?#37828;?#37714;堕€?#27996;?#23480;¥é檷闆?#37833;?#37832;?#37825;?#37734;版礂鎺?#28598;?#32460;?#28051;?#37928;勭?#28888;皵姹?#37836;?#37510;?#26473;?#37828;?#37812;戜滑涔嬪?#23944;§杩?#37928;?#28051;€椤圭瓥鐣?#38171;?#28003;嗙洰鍓嶄?#28616;劧娌?#37832;夌¡®鍑?#37928;?#29831;佹嵁璇?#37828;?#28729;冪¡®瀹?#37832;?#37825;?#37510;? The idea is called cloud seeding: specific chemicals are released into the air, usually by planes, with the intention of encouraging water droplets to form. The rain that's created then attracts and pulls polluting aerosol particles out of the sky as it falls. 杩?#28051;€璁?#37714;掕¢«绉?#28051;?#27996;戝?#20635;挱闆?#38171;岄€氬父鏄?#37922;遍£ž鏈?#37722;戠?#28888;皵涓?#38322;婃斁鐗?#28729;?#37928;勫?#26663;­¦鐗?#29840;?#38171;?#37827;¨å湪?#32318;杩?#23000;存淮褰?#37812;?#37510;傜劧鍚?#37922;辨­¤褰?#37812;?#37928;勯洦姘?#37722;?#23534;曠潃姹?#37836;?#37928;勯?#28844;皵棰楃矑锛屽湪钀戒笅鐨勬椂鍊欐妸瀹冧滑鎷?#32450;?#28598;?#32460;?#37510;? That's the theory, anyway. Previous experiments have been inconclusive as to whether cloud seeding actually works, and South Korea itself made a failed attempt to force air-clearing showers back in January. ?#22182;灏戠悊璁?#28051;?#37828;?#26473;欐牱鐨?#37510;傚叧浜庝?#25117;?#20635;挱闆?#37828;?#37722;?#37832;?#37825;?#38171;?#37711;堝墠鐨勫?#28858;?#23677;苟鏃犲?#27699;®º锛岃€?#28051;旈煩鍥藉湪涓€鏈?#28000;?#37831;惧皾璇?#38315;氳繃浜?#23480;¥é檷闆?#37833;?#23059;呮礂绌烘皵锛岀劧鑰屽嵈澶?#29840;?#27996;?#37510;? Nevertheless, South Korea is going to give it another go. The project is being undertaken in partnership with China, as a lot of the fine dust particles clogging up the atmosphere are originating from the neighbouring country. 灏?#32480;?#28641;傛­¤锛岄煩鍥?#37813;?#32480;楀啀灏?#29831;?#28051;€娆?#37510;傜洰鍓嶉煩鍥藉湪涓庝腑鍥?#37722;堜綔瀹?#37826;?#26473;?#28051;€椤圭洰锛屽洜涓?#37711;?#37826;¥å湪澶§æ皵涓?#37928;?#28598;?#38322;忕矇灏橀?#26947;?#25491;簮鑷?#38317;?#37733;?#37510;? Apparently the artificial rain showers will be generated above the Yellow Sea, to the west of the Korean Peninsula . ?#28229;鏉?#38171;屼汉宸¥é檷闆¨ä細?#28266;鏈?#26932;滃?#23106;²›浠?#29783;?#37928;勯粍娴?#28051;?#32460;?#26473;?#29723;?#37510;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>瀵?#32515;?#38335;欐湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#29781;?#37413;?#28051;?#32480;?#37721;堝?#27697;埍锛?#28729;?#28729;?#28051;嶇旱瀹?#37413;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444216-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[涓?#37733;?#37832;€?#29678;浜烘?#25118;£€瀵?#38340;?#37715;?#22955;€瀵?#38336;?#32468;¥å缓鏄?2鏃¥å湪鍖?#27996;?#29723;?#32448;?#38171;屽¯¹缃?#38335;欐湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#29781;?#28729;?#29723;?#37825;欒偛銆?#37808;熷寲銆佹尳鏁戞柟閽?#38171;屽¯¹浠栦滑“涓?#32480;?#37721;堝?#27697;埍锛?#28729;?#28729;?#28051;嶇旱瀹?rdquo;銆? China will continue to strengthen its juvenile justice system, classify juvenile delinquencies on different levels and form a joint force with society to better protect the underage and prevent juvenile crimes, said Tong Jianming, deputy procurator-general, on Tuesday. 鏈€?#29678;浜烘?#25118;£€瀵?#38340;?#37715;?#22955;€瀵?#38336;?#32468;¥å缓鏄?2鏃?#29723;?#32448;?#38171;?#37832;€楂樻£€灏?#32513;?#32513;?#37716;犲?#21700;?#35268;湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#37721;告硶瑙勫緥鐨?#37818;?#32497;?#38171;屾帹鍔¨å缓绔?#32515;?#38335;欐湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#37714;嗙骇澶勯亣銆?#28051;寸?#23684;?#21231;?#33580;瓑鍒?#25652;?#37510;傝¦鍔?#37723;?#32448;句細鍚勬柟闈¢å姏閲?#38171;?#35120;?#37812;愪繚鎶?#37832;?#37812;?#39582;?#27996;?#37928;?#37722;堝姏銆? 浠婂勾2鏈?#38171;?#37832;€楂樻£€灏?#29723;?#32448;?#23005;£å湪鎺?#32497;¢å缓绔?#32515;?#38335;欐湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#37714;嗙骇澶勫垎鍒?#25652;?#37510;? Chinese prosecutors will clarify offense levels in crimes committed by juveniles to properly align punishments with the severity of the criminal acts, the nation's top prosecuting authority said on Tuesday. 鏈€?#29678;浜烘?#25118;£€瀵?#38340;?鏈?2鏃?#29723;?#32448;?#38171;?#28751;?#37828;庣¡®缃?#38335;欐湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#28598;勫垎鍒嗙骇锛?#28003;?#37807;?#32515;?#37818;?#37826;戒?#24227;姱缃?#29723;?#28051;?#37928;?#28051;?#38322;嶇¨‹搴¦ç浉鍖?#38320;?#37510;? The work plan of the Supreme People's Procuratorate for 2018-22, which it posted on its website, also vowed to take innovative steps to prevent such crimes. 鏈€?#29678;浜烘?#25118;£€瀵?#38340;¢å湪鍏?#32515;?#32468;?#28051;?#37721;?#29999;?#37928;?#37510;?018-2022骞存£€瀵?#37824;?#38344;?#23480;¥ä綔瑙勫垝銆?#28052;?#37813;?#29831;?#29781;?#38322;囧彇鍒?#37826;?#28051;?#37818;?#38339;?#23005;?#23005;?#32491;荤姱缃?#37510;? The plan said the levels of offenses by juveniles will be classified, and offenders will be punished in line with the prescribed levels. 瑙勫垝绉?#38171;?#37832;?#37812;?#39582;?#27996;?#37928;勭姱缃?#32459;?#25652;?#28751;嗚¢«鍒嗙被锛?#26473;濇硶鑰?#28751;?#37816;夌収瑙勫畾鐨勭?#22796;骇鍙?#37714;扮浉?#31794;鎯?#32515;?#37510;? 绔¥å缓鏄庤¡¨绀?#38171;?#28051;?#37733;?#37832;?浜?#28598;?#37832;?#37812;?#39582;?#27996;?#38171;?#37716;犲?#21700;?#35268;湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#37928;勫?#21578;硶淇?#37814;?#23480;¥ä綔锛?#37711;?#28052;庝嚎涓囧®¶搴?#39582;?#32450;?#37510;?#26473;囧幓涓€骞?#38171;屾£€瀵?#37832;?#37711;?#37814;?#37832;?#37812;?#39582;?#27996;?#37721;告硶淇?#37814;?#23480;¥ä綔鎽?#37714;?#27996;?#37831;?#37716;犵?#20344;嚭浣嶇疆(have made juvenile protection a priority)銆? In October, the Supreme People's Procuratorate issued a proposal to the Ministry of Education, suggesting the ministry reinforce the management of school safety and formulate more concrete measures to prevent sexual assault against students. 鍘诲勾10鏈?#38171;?#37832;€楂樻£€鍚?#37825;欒偛閮?#37721;戝嚭浜?#28051;€浠芥£€瀵熷缓璁?#38171;屽缓璁?#37825;欒偛閮?#37716;犲?#21700;?#29808;­¦鏍?#28729;?#37711;?#37928;?#32480;¡ç悊锛?#37716;犲己棰勯槻鎬?#28186;靛効绔?#37724;?#28051;?#28751;忓­¦鐢?#37928;?#23480;¥ä綔銆? 浠?#29831;?#38171;?#32515;?#38335;欐湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#37828;?#32448;句細鐨勫嵄瀹?#38000;?#38171;?#37722;屾椂涔?#37828;?#28051;嶈壇鐜?#28583;?#37928;勫彈瀹?#38000;?#37510;? "For their judicial protection, we should focus on educating them first with punishment as a supporting approach," he said, adding that they should be tolerated but not spoilt, strictly disciplined but treated with deep love. 瀵规湭鎴?#39582;?#27996;?#37928;勫?#21578;硶淇?#37814;?#38171;?#28051;?#37733;?#32457;夋寔鐨?#37828;?ldquo;鏁欒偛涓?#28051;?#37510;佹儵缃?#28051;鸿緟”?#24107;鍒?#38171;屽¯¹浠栦滑“涓?#32480;?#37721;堝?#27697;埍锛?#28729;?#28729;?#28051;嶇旱瀹?rdquo;銆? ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA鎱?#38315;熻嫳璇­ï細鎯呬荆琛?#37807;呭嚭澶氱?#23945;?#28358;壊閫夋嫨 http://www.5890738.com/show-8694-444168-1.html 瀹?#37812;?#37721;?#29831;?#37807;呮櫙瀵?#29831;濓細Household Chores 瀹?#37716;?#23090;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-9970-442585-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ Todd: Looking back I think other roles were kind of traditional like I have two sisters and they usually had the responsibility of doing the cleaning, and I had the responsibility of , you know, mowing the lawn, and taking out the trash and cleaning up the yard and stuff like that. Was it similar in your house? 鎵?#23536;凤細鍥?#37807;?#26473;囧幓锛?#37812;?#29825;?#28051;?#37812;?#28729;?#38322;?#37928;勫垎宸?#23536;?#28028;犵粺锛?#37812;?#37832;?#28051;?#28051;?#28654;愬§锛屽?#36891;滑璐熻矗鎵撴壂宸¥ä綔锛?#37812;?#29840;熻矗淇?#37715;?#38013;夊潽锛屽€?#37736;?#37734;?#38171;?#37813;撴壂闄?#28699;?#28052;嬬被鐨?#23480;¥ä綔銆?#28003;犲®¶閲屼篃鏄?#26473;欐牱鍚? Buddhi: Well, dad used to do stuff like that and my brother and I didn't do much work. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細涓€鑸?#37828;?#37812;戠?#21733;埜鍋氳繖浜涘®¶鍔?#38171;?#37812;戝摜鍝?#37724;?#37812;戜笉澶ªå仛瀹?#37716;?#37510;? Todd: You were spoiled. 鎵?#23536;凤細浣犱滑琚?#28729;犲潖浜?#37510;? Buddhi: Very, very, very, very .... yeah. Did you ever decide to shift work with your sisters? 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細鎴戠?#21733;?#25601;潪?#29238;?#28522;?#29238;?#28522;?#29238;瀹?#37812;戜滑銆?#28003;?#37832;?#37724;?#28003;犲?#24876;?#24874;滑浜?#37817;¢å仛瀹?#37716;?#37722;? Todd: No, of course, it never even occured to me. I mean, when you're young, you just do they tell you to do, and to be honest I was very happy. I think I loved doing yardwork. I loved mowing the grass and pruning the trees and, you know, taking about the trash — anything that was physical I enjoyed. I didnt enjoy cleaning. But you never had to do that? 鎵?#23536;凤細褰撶劧娌?#37832;?#38171;?#37812;戜?#24226;潵娌?#37807;?#26473;?#26473;欑偣銆傚皬鐨勬椂鍊?#38171;?#28051;€鑸?#28003;?#37721;ªä細鍋氳¢«瑕佹?#20634;仛鐨?#27996;?#37807;?#38171;?#29831;?#28729;?#29831;?#38171;?#35120;撴椂鎴?#23536;堝紑?#32318;銆?#37812;戞兂鎴?#37728;滄¬¢鏁寸?#21975;涵闄?#37510;?#37812;?#37728;滄¬¢淇?#37715;?#38013;夊潽銆佷慨鍓?#37837;?#37835;?#38171;?#26473;?#37832;?#37706;?#37736;?#37734;?#38171;?#37813;€鏈?#28003;撳姏娲?#37812;?#38318;藉?#28356;¬¢銆?#37812;戜笉鍠滄¬¢鎵撴壂宸¥ä綔銆?#28003;?#28000;庢病鍋氳?#22247;®¶鍔?#37722;? Buddhi: Well, I cleaned my own room and my brother cleaned his own, and I mean, it's obvious and it's ... I mean... it's something we really should do, like at home. When we eat, you clean your dish, and maybe we ... when I grew up, I'd wash ... I'll do the dishes, and even if I didn't do my mom wouldn't expect me to do it, and make sure I do it somehow. If it's not done, she'd do it. If I do it, well, she'll be thankful. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細?#26871;锛?#37812;?#29781;?#37813;撴壂鎴?#37928;?#37812;?#38338;?#38171;?#37812;戝摜鍝?#37813;撴壂浠?#38007;?#23480;?#37928;?#37812;?#38338;?#38171;?#37828;剧劧杩?#37828;?#37812;戜滑?#28266;瀹?#38322;?#29781;佸仛鐨?#27996;?#37807;?#37510;?#37812;戜滑鍚?#28729;岄¥­浠?#37722;?#38171;?#29781;佹礂纰?#38171;?#37721;¯è兘鏄¯å湪闀?#28598;?#28000;?#37722;?#38171;?#37812;戜細鍘绘礂纰?#38171;?#28003;嗗嵆浣?#37812;戜?#23942;礂纰?#37928;?#29831;?#38171;?#37812;?#28641;?#28641;?#28052;?#28051;嶆寚鏈?#37812;戞礂纰?#38171;?#37721;?#37828;?#37832;夋椂鎴戜細娲?#37510;?#28641;傛?#28356;病浜烘礂纰?#37928;?#29831;?#38171;?#37812;?#28641;?#28641;?#28751;变細鍘绘礂銆?#28641;傛灉鎴戞礂纰?#37928;?#29831;?#38171;?#37812;?#28641;?#28641;堜細寰?#23046;£æ叞銆? Todd: So, in your household, who mops the floor? 鎵?#23536;凤細閭?#28003;犲®¶閲岃?#20345;摝鍦? Buddhi: My dad would. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細鎴戠?#21733;埜銆? Todd: Your dad would. Who washes the windows? 鎵?#23536;凤細浣犵?#21733;?#31295;仛銆?#38317;?#29835;佹摝绐?#37812;? Buddhi: My dad, yeah. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細鎴戠?#21733;埜銆? Todd: Oh, your dad! He's hardworking. OK, who does the laundry? 鎵?#23536;凤細鍝?#38171;?#37721;?#37828;?#28003;犵?#21733;?#31295;仛!浠?#37930;熷‹¤鍔?#37510;?#38317;?#29835;佹礂琛?#37832;? Buddhi: My mom or myself. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細鎴?#28641;?#28641;堝拰鎴?#37510;? Todd: Or yourself? Really! OK. What does your brother do? 鎵?#23536;凤細浣?#38007;?#23480;辨礂琛?#37832;??#28257;鐨?#37722;?閭?#28003;犲摜鍝¥å仛浠€?#31646;? Buddhi: Most of the time, like, he's about eight years older than me, so as soon as he graduated from high school he went abroad for high studies, so when he was doing the usual stuff, I was a kid, so I was not doing anything, so soon after he went I took over or something like that. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細澶?#38318;?#37714;嗘椂闂?hellip;…鎴戝摜鍝?#23011;?#37812;?#28598;?宀?#38171;屼粬?#29678;涓?#23011;?#28051;?#28000;?#37722;?#28751;?#37720;?#37733;?#28598;?#37923;欏­¦浜?#38171;屼粬?#20187;鏃¥å父瀹?#37716;?#37928;勬椂鍊?#38171;?#37812;?#26473;?#23536;?#28751;?#38171;岄偅?#26882;鎴戜粈?#31646;瀹?#37716;?#38318;戒笉?#20187;锛岃€屼粬?#22189;鍥戒互鍚?#38171;?#37812;?#28751;辨帴?#22684;浜?#28000;?#29840;熻矗鐨勫®¶鍔?#37510;? Todd: Well you did some stuff. 鎵?#23536;凤細浣?#28052;熷仛浜涘®¶鍔?#37510;? Buddhi: I did. I'm proud. 甯?#26473;?#29999;?#28641;®ï細瀵?#38171;?#37812;戝仛瀹?#37716;?#37510;?#37812;?#23536;?#38007;?#29854;?#37510;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA鎱?#38315;熻嫳璇­ï細鏃?#37832;?#28598;?#28640;嗗姏璇佸­¦涔犳°¸杩?#28051;嶄細澶?#26473;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-8694-444099-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[[tctab]涓?#38011;±[/tctab] Great-Grandmother Proves It Is Never Too Late to Learn 鏃?#37832;?#28598;?#28640;嗗姏璇佸­¦涔犳°¸杩?#28051;嶄細澶?#26473;? Setsuko Takamizawa is set to prove that it is never too late to learn. 鍔?#23090;?#28699;?middot;?#29678;瑙佹³½(Setsuko Takamizawa)灏嗕細璇?#37828;庡­¦涔犳°¸杩?#28051;嶄細澶?#26473;?#37510;? At the age of 91, the great-grandmother is learning English with the help of her family. She hopes to use the language at next year's Olympic Games in Tokyo. 杩?#28003;?1宀?#37928;?#37831;剧¥–姣?#23005;£å湪瀹?#27996;?#37928;勫府鍔?#28051;嬪­¦涔犺嫳璇?#37510;傚¥¹甯?#37832;涘湪鏄庡勾鐨?#28051;?#27996;?#28610;?#26473;愪細涓?#37922;?#28051;?#26473;?#38338;?#29831;?#29815;€銆? Never too late to learn 瀛?#28052;犳°¸杩?#28051;嶄細澶?#26473;? Takamizawa was one of the more than 200,000 people who requested to volunteer for Tokyo's 2020 Games. English is not required for service, but it is a helpful skill for volunteers to have. 鍔?#23090;?#28699;?#37828;?#37922;?#29831;?#37812;?#28051;?#28051;?#27996;?#28610;?#26473;愪細蹇?#37808;?#38000;?#37928;?0澶?#28051;?#27996;轰箣涓€锛岃嫳璇­å苟?#28522;蹇?#26916;?#38171;?#28003;?#37828;?#28725;?#36423;?#37808;?#38000;?#37833;?#29831;?#38171;岃嫳璇?#37828;?#28051;€闂?#37832;?#37922;?#37928;?#37814;€?#20824;銆? But Takamizawa had not been able to learn the language when she was young. 浣?#37828;?#37716;?#23090;?#28699;?#39582;磋?#32472;椂娌?#37716;炴硶瀛?#28052;?#26473;?#38338;?#29831;?#29815;€銆? Takamizawa told Reuters that she was in high school when World War Two started. She said, "In my second year there, English was banned because it was the enemy language." 鍔?#23090;?#28699;?#28725;?#29882;?#38315;忕¤¾琛?#32448;?#38171;屼簩鎴樺紑濮嬫椂濂规­£璇婚珮涓?#37510;傚¥¹璇达細“?#28266;?#29678;涓?#32471;?#27996;屽?#30923;嫳璇?#29722;?#32450;佹­¢浜?#38171;屽洜涓?#28729;?#37828;?#37825;?#37733;?#29831;?#29815;€銆?rdquo; Takamizawa said that her grandchildren helped persuade her she was not too old to learn. 鍔?#23090;?#28699;?#29723;?#32448;?#38171;屽¥¹鐨勫?#27410;?#22557;府鍔?#29831;?#37832;?#27996;嗗¥¹锛屽¥¹杩?#23052;?#38000;?#37714;?#28051;嶈兘瀛?#28052;?#37510;? "When I talked to my grandchildren about my wish, they said, ‘it's not too late. We will teach you one word a day. It's going to be a good challenge for you'." “褰?#37812;?#32513;?#37812;?#37928;勫?#27410;緢?#28369;璇?#37714;?#37812;?#37928;?#37808;?#37832;涙椂锛屼粬?#28369;璇?#38171;?lsquo;鐜板湪杩?#28051;?#32480;?#28598;?#37829;?#38171;?#37812;戜滑?#32048;姣?#28598;?#37825;?#28003;?#28051;€涓?#37719;?#29831;?#38171;?#26473;欏¯¹浣?#37833;?#29831;翠細鏄?#28051;€椤?#23536;堝¥½鐨?#37816;?#37812;?#37510;?rsquo; Natsuko is Takamizawa's granddaughter and main English teacher. 濂?#23090;?#28699;?#37828;?#37716;?#23090;?#28699;?#37928;勫瓩濂?#38171;屼篃鏄?#28051;€浣嶈嫳璇?#38000;佸笀銆? Natsuko sends a new English word to her grandmother's phone every day. They also often work together directly on phrases that Takamizawa will need for the Olympics. 濂?#23090;?#28699;?#23011;?#28598;©ä細缁?#28610;圭¥–姣?#37928;勬墜鏈?#37721;戜竴涓?#37826;?#37928;勮嫳璇?#37719;?#29831;?#37510;傚?#36891;滑杩?#32513;忓父涓€璧峰­¦涔?#37716;?#23090;?#28699;愬湪濂?#26473;愪細涓婇渶瑕?#37922;?#37714;?#37928;?#28051;€浜涚煭璇?#37510;? "Welcome to Tokyo, this is the Olympic stadium, how can I help you?" Takamizawa answers when asked to say an English phrase she has learned. 褰?#29722;?#29781;佹眰璇村嚭濂瑰­¦杩?#37928;?#28051;€鍙¥ç煭璇­æ椂锛?#37716;?#23090;?#28699;?#29831;?#38316;擄細“娆?#26473;庢潵鍒?#28051;?#27996;?#38171;?#26473;?#38322;?#37828;?#28610;?#37835;楀Œ¹鍏?#28003;撹偛鍦?#38171;?#37832;変粈?#31646;?#28214;瑕佸府鍔?#37928;?#37722;?” Natsuko explains that she wanted to give her grandmother something to enjoy. "I can clearly see her English is getting better. It's my joy now." 濂?#23090;?#28699;?#29785;?#38322;?#29831;?#38171;屽?#35268;兂缁欑¥–姣?#37813;?#37904;?#37711;磋叮銆傚¥¹璇达細“鎴戣兘鏄?#37828;剧湅鍒?#28610;?#37928;勮嫳璇?#37721;?#23536;楄秺鏉¥è秺濂?#38171;?#37916;板湪杩?#37812;?#27996;?#37812;?#37928;?#28052;?#29906;?#37510;?rdquo; Global Perspectives 鍏?#37918;?#29785;嗚§’ The EF English Proficiency Index is a measure of the level of English spoken in a country. Japan ranks 49th among countries where English is not the first language. 鑻卞?#27699;嫳璇?#37816;?#37825;?#37828;?#29723;?#38322;?#28051;€涓?#37733;?#28729;惰嫳璇?#37721;?#29831;?#23000;村钩鐨?#37837;囧噯銆傛棩鏈¬å湪鑻?#29831;­é潪绗?#28051;€璇?#29815;€鐨勫浗瀹?#28051;?#37818;?#37722;嶇¬¬49浣?#37510;? This situation is slowly changing as younger generations welcome English. Japanese students often learn English at a much younger age than they did in the past. 闅忕潃骞磋交涓€浠?#37818;?#37721;?#38011;?#29831;?#38171;?#26473;欑?#23943;姸鍐?#23005;£å湪鎱?#37809;?#37824;?#37721;?#37510;傛棩鏈?#28699;?#37922;?#38315;氬父寰?#28751;忓氨瀛?#38011;?#29831;?#38171;?#23011;?#28000;¥å墠鏇存棭銆? However, Takamizawa believes real change will not happen unless Japanese people become more open to the rest of the world. ?#21159;鑰?#38171;屽¥ˆ娲?#28699;?#29825;?#28051;?#38171;?#38340;¤é潪鏃?#37832;?#27996;哄¯¹涓?#37923;?#37711;?#28729;?#37734;版?#35268;洿鍔犲紑鏀?#38171;?#37722;?#37714;?#28051;嶄細鍙?#37922;熺?#29112;­£鐨勫?#27194;寲銆? She says that people in Japan should act not only as Japanese citizens, but also as "global members" of the Earth. 濂?#29831;?#38171;?#37827;?#37832;?#27996;?#28051;嶅簲璇?#28000;?#28000;?#37813;®æ紨鏃?#37832;?#37711;¬æ皯鐨勮?#25493;壊锛?#26473;樺簲璇?#37813;®æ紨鍏?#37918;?#37812;?#37723;?#37928;勮?#25493;壊銆? With around 500 days to go until the Games begin, the whole Takamizawa family is ready to welcome the world to Tokyo. 璺?#32450;诲¥¥杩愪細?#32017;骞?#26473;?#37832;?#28598;§ç害500澶©æ椂闂?#38171;?#37825;?#28051;ªé珮瑙佹³½瀹?#37827;?#38318;?#23480;?#37713;?#28598;囧¥½杩庢帴涓?#37923;屼?#36720;滑鏉?#37714;?#28051;?#27996;?#37510;? When Japan last held the Summer Olympics in 1964, Takamizawa was too busy raising a family to go to any events. 涓婃¬¡鏃?#37832;?#28051;惧姙1964骞?#28598;忓­£濂?#26473;愪細?#26882;锛屽¥ˆ娲?#28699;?#23005;£å繖浜?#37711;?#28729;?#32495;?#37721;?#38171;屾病鏈?#37721;?#37716;?#28000;?#28003;?#23090;?#37716;?#37510;? Takamizawa said she never thought the Olympics would happen in Tokyo twice in her lifetime. 濂?#23090;?#28699;?#29723;?#32448;?#38171;屽¥¹浠庢湭鎯?#26473;?#38171;屽¥¥杩愪細?#28266;濂?#28051;€鐢?#35120;?#28051;­ä細涓?#23046;¡å湪涓?#27996;?#28051;惧姙銆? "It's good," she said, "to live long." 濂?#29831;达細“娲?#28052;?#37904;圭?#29111;¥½銆?rdquo; I'm John Russell. ?#23475;?#22570;·?#23226;濉?#28751;?#37814;?#38316;?#37510;? [tctab]鑻辨枃[/tctab] Setsuko Takamizawa is set to prove that it is never too late to learn. At the age of 91, the great-grandmother is learning English with the help of her family. She hopes to use the language at next year’s Olympic Games in Tokyo. Never too late to learn Takamizawa was one of the more than 200,000 people who requested to volunteer for Tokyo’s 2020 Games. English is not required for service, but it is a helpful skill for volunteers to have. But Takamizawa had not been able to learn the language when she was young. Takamizawa told Reuters that she was in high school when World War Two started. She said, “In my second year there, English was banned because it was the enemy language.” Takamizawa said that her grandchildren helped persuade her she was not too old to learn. “When I talked to my grandchildren about my wish, they said, ‘it’s not too late. We will teach you one word a day. It’s going to be a good challenge for you’.” Natsuko is Takamizawa’s granddaughter and main English teacher. Natsuko sends a new English word to her grandmother’s phone every day. They also often work together directly on phrases that Takamizawa will need for the Olympics. “Welcome to Tokyo, this is the Olympic stadium, how can I help you?” Takamizawa answers when asked to say an English phrase she has learned. Natsuko explains that she wanted to give her grandmother something to enjoy. “I can clearly see her English is getting better. It’s my joy now.” Global Perspectives The EF English Proficiency Index is a measure of the level of English spoken in a country. Japan ranks 49th among countries where English is not the first language. This situation is slowly changing as younger generations welcome English. Japanese students often learn English at a much younger age than they did in the past. However, Takamizawa believes real change will not happen unless Japanese people become more open to the rest of the world. She says that people in Japan should act not only as Japanese citizens, but also as “global members” of the Earth. With around 500 days to go until the Games begin, the whole Takamizawa family is ready to welcome the world to Tokyo. When Japan last held the Summer Olympics in 1964, Takamizawa was too busy raising a family to go to any events. Takamizawa said she never thought the Olympics would happen in Tokyo twice in her lifetime. “It’s good,” she said, “to live long.” I’m John Russell. _______________________________________________________________ Words in This Story grandmother – n. the mother of your father or mother great-grandmother -- n. the mother of one's grandmother or grandfather. granddaughter -- n. a daughter of your son or daughter phrase -- n. a group of two or more words that express a single idea but do not usually form a complete sentence; a brief expression that is commonly used challenge -- n. a difficult task or problem : something that is hard to do global -- adj. involving the entire world ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA?#29238;閫熻嫳璇­ï細绱?#26937;?#38322;?#37832;€澶?#32448;惧尯涓烘?#21615;?#29111;¯º琚?#37713;?#27996;?#28000;跺搥鎮?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-10200-444098-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Nation's Largest Somali Community Mourns Mosque Attack The attack on Friday prayers at a New Zealand mosque that left 49 people dead and 20 more seriously wounded reverberated around the world, striking hard at one of the largest Muslim communities in the United States. VOA's congressional correspondent Katherine Gypson reports from Minneapolis, Minnesota, where Muslims, and people of all faiths, are mourning yet another attack on a house of worship. ]]></description> </item><item><title>?#22487;浜?#37837;戒笅鐨勭€?#29999;?#38010;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-10199-444077-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Flower waterfall commemorates memory of father 涓虹邯蹇电埗浜茶€?#37922;?#38336;?#37928;勭€?#29999;?#38010;盷]></description> </item><item><title>闆?#37804;濆?#27406;綔鑰?#29831;?#29825;?#26864;?#29825;茶§£?#32048;鐜?#28583;冧繚鎶?#28051;?#37928;?#28051;?#27996;哄姏閲?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-615-444055-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[銆€銆€鐜?#28103;濈被?#32048; 銆€銆€The environmental problem in the world can not be solved by ordinary people, and governments and large companies should be responsible for this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 鐜?#28583;?#38338;?#26864;?#28051;?#27996;?#37828;?#37827;犳硶瑙?#37712;?#37928;?#38171;?#37721;?#37832;?#28028;?#28051;氬拰鍥?#28729;?#37813;嶈兘瑙?#37712;?#38171;?#37828;?#37722;?#37722;?#37808;? 銆€銆€?#32148;瀹?#32468;?#37734;猴細涓?#27996;哄湪鐜?#28103;?#28051;?#37721;?#28000;?#37721;戞尌涓?#37721;?#37831;?#28000;?#37928;勪綔鐢?#37510;? 銆€銆€鎬?#29882;?#37815;撳睍?#32048; 銆€銆€鍥?#28729;?#28028;?#28051;?#37916;?#28103;?#37928;勬柟寮忥細 銆€銆€1. 鍥?#28729;?#37721;?#28000;?#38322;囧彇鐜?#28103;?#37824;?#32475;?#38171;?#37716;犲己鐜?#28103;?#37722;堜綔锛?#37714;?#27996;?#37916;?#28103;?#32513;忛獙銆傚¯¹浜庣?#26449;潖鐜?#28583;?#37928;?#28028;?#28051;氬拰涓?#27996;?#37716;?#28598;?#28598;?#32515;氬姏搴?#37510;? 銆€銆€2. 浼?#28051;?#38171;?#28751;?#37711;?#37828;¯é珮搴?#23033;?#37836;?#37928;?#28028;?#28051;??#32229;濡傛苯杞?#37720;?#38171;岄€犵焊鍘?#38171;屽寲宸?#37720;?锛屽簲璇¥ä緷璧栭珮绉戞妧锛屽?#24531;皯瀵?#27996;?#37916;?#28583;?#37928;勬薄鏌?#37510;備緥濡?#38171;屾苯杞?#37922;?#27996;?#28028;?#28051;?#37721;?#28000;?#37934;?#37721;?#37724;屾帹骞?#37826;板瀷鐜?#28103;?#23033;?#26462;?#38171;?#26473;?#27996;?#23033;?#26462;?#37711;?#37832;?#28751;忔帓閲?#38171;屼綆娑堣€?#38171;?#37922;电?#22549;©±鍔¨ç瓑鐗?#23536;?#37510;? 銆€銆€涓?#27996;?#37916;?#28103;?#37928;勬柟寮忥細 銆€銆€1. 涓?#27996;?#37721;?#28000;?#37713;忓皯瀵?#27996;庨珮绉戞妧浜§å搧鐨?#28003;?#37922;?#38171;?#37711;?#28003;撴潵璇?#38171;屽?#24531;皯瀹?#37922;?#37922;靛櫒浣?#37922;?#37928;勯?#25120;巼銆??#32229;璇侊細绌?#29835;?#38171;岀儹姘村櫒) 銆€銆€2. 涓?#27996;?#37721;?#28000;?#37737;?#37711;?#37916;?#28103;?#37928;?#37808;?#29831;?#38171;?鐝嶆儨鑷ªç劧璧勬簮锛?#26473;?#32480;€鍗?#37922;熸椿銆傚叿浣?#38000;岃¨€锛?#37721;?#28000;?#29840;?#28052;?#28751;忔帓閲忔苯杞?#37812;?#38000;?#28052;樺潗鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;??#25030;杈规父涓?#37828;?#38336;?#38315;旀父?#29905;銆?缁嗚?#20634;睍?#32017;) 銆€銆€3. 涓?#27996;?#37721;?#28000;?#37721;?#37716;?#37916;?#28103;?#32513;?#32513;?#38171;屽仛鐜?#28103;濆織鎰?#38000;?#38171;?#28729;?#28028;?#37916;?#28103;?#38171;?#37721;?#28725;规湁瀹?#37916;?#28583;?#37928;?#37824;?#32475;?#37928;勫嚭鍙?#37724;屾帹骞?#37510;? 銆€銆€?#24107;鍒?#29831;?#37826;?#25652;擄細 銆€銆€1. environmental pollution = environmental contamination n 鐜?#28583;冩薄鏌? 銆€銆€2. environmental issues = environmental problems n鐜?#28583;?#38338;?#26864;? 銆€銆€3. various environment-related issues n 鍚?#32457;?#28051;?#37916;?#28583;冪浉鍏?#37928;?#38338;?#26864;? 銆€銆€4. live a simple life = choose a simpler lifestyle v 杩?#32480;€鍗?#37922;熸椿 銆€銆€5. embark on simple lifestyle = opt for a simple lifestyle v閫夋嫨绠€鍗?#37922;熸椿 銆€銆€6. environmental conservation = environmental protection = environmental preservation n 鐜?#28583;冧繚鎶? 銆€銆€7. raise the environmental protection awareness amongst the general public v鎻愰珮鍏?#28028;?#37928;?#37916;?#28103;?#37808;?#29831;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細raise = enhance = improve v 鎻愰珮…… 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細awareness = consciousness n 鎰?#29831;? 銆€銆€8. take public transit = take public transport v 涔樺潗鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;? 銆€銆€9. foster water-wise lifestyle v 鍩?#37711;昏?#20635;按鐨?#37922;熸?#32472;柟寮? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細foster = cultivate = nurture v 鍩?#37711;?hellip;… 銆€銆€10. reduce the use of paper v鍑忓皯绾?#23534;?#37928;?#28003;?#37922;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細reduce = minimize = diminish v鍑忓皯…… 銆€銆€11. People should be encouraged to purchase compact cars with low emissions. 鎴戜滑?#31794;璇?#27047;?#37716;?#27996;轰滑璐?#28052;?#28751;忔帓閲?#37928;勬苯杞?#37510;? 銆€銆€12. treasure other natural resources v鐝嶆儨鑷ªç劧璧勬簮 銆€銆€13. There is a heated debate as to whether or not personal efforts could effectively address environmental problems. 鍏?#27996;?#37828;?#37722;?#28051;?#27996;?#37716;ªå姏鍙?#28000;?#29785;?#37712;?#37916;?#28583;冩薄鏌?#38171;屼?#36720;滑浜?#29825;?#28051;嶆柇銆? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細 address = resolve = tackle v瑙?#37712;?hellip;… 銆€銆€14. My stand is that individual participation in greenism is definitely a worthwhile endeavor helping to protect the natural environment. 鎴?#29825;?#28051;?#38171;?涓?#27996;哄湪鐜?#28103;濇柟闈?#37928;?#32457;?#37835;?#37721;?#28051;?#37828;?#28103;?#37814;?#37916;?#28583;?#37928;?#28051;€绉?#37832;変环鍊?#37928;?#37716;ªå姏銆??#32148;瀹?#32468;?#37734;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細in greenism ?#28266;鐜?#28583;冧繚鎶¤æ柟闈? 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048;To contrive and popularize cleaner cars or compact cars is definitely a worthwhile endeavor helping to protect the natural environment. 鐮?#37721;?#37724;屾櫘鍙?#37916;?#28103;?#23033;?#26462;?#28000;?#37721;?#28751;忔帓閲忔苯杞?#37828;?#28103;?#37814;?#37916;?#28583;?#37928;?#37832;?#37825;?#37716;ªå姏銆? 銆€銆€15. It works to encourage people to undertake their journey by taking public transport in terms of protecting our environment 榧?#37716;?#37711;?#28028;?#28052;樺潗鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;?#37828;?#37832;?#37825;堢殑鐜?#28103;濇柟寮?閲嶇偣鑳?#29831;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細 public transport = public transit = public transportation n鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;? 銆€銆€16. Meanwhile, every individual should be encouraged to partake of local organizations to oppose environmentally damaging policies or to work as the environmental protection volunteers. 鍚屾椂锛?#37812;戜滑?#31794;璇?#27047;?#37716;?#28051;?#27996;?#37721;?#37716;?#37734;版柟鐜?#28103;?#32513;?#32513;?#38171;?#37721;?#28725;规湁瀹?#37916;?#28583;?#37928;?#37824;?#32475;?#37928;勫嚭鍙?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#38171;岄紦鍔?#28051;?#27996;哄仛鐜?#28103;濆織鎰?#38000;?#37510;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細partake of = take part in = participate in v 浜?#38007;?#37721;?#37716;?hellip;… 銆€銆€17. It is highly recommended to spend more money on public transport such as buses, trams and subways. 鏀?#25652;滃簲璇?#37814;?#29863;勫叕鍏?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;?#38171;屼緥濡?#38171;屾苯杞?#38171;?鏈?#26462;?#37922;?#26462;?#38171;?#37734;伴?#20346;瓑銆? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細鐜?#28583;冧繚鎶?#37824;?#25652;?#28641;?#28003;曚綔涓? 銆€銆€18. I re-affirm my conviction that the environmental issue is certainly relevant to each individual citizen. 鎴?#38322;?#37922;?#37812;?#37928;?#32468;?#37734;?#38171;?#37916;?#28583;?#38338;?#26864;?#37724;?#23011;?#28051;?#37711;?#23000;戞伅鎭¯ç浉鍏?#37510;? 銆€銆€19. Co-operation and participation deriving from individual citizens have indispensable roles to play in safeguarding the natural environment. 姣?#28051;?#37711;¬æ皯鐨勫弬涓?#37724;?#37716;ªå姏?#28266;淇?#37814;?#38007;ªç劧鐜?#28583;冩柟闈?#37721;?#28000;?#37721;戞尌涓?#37721;?#32514;?#28751;?#37928;勪綔鐢?#37510;? 銆€銆€20. Individual citizens could and should play active roles provided that we really aspire to optimize our living environment. 濡傛灉鎴戜滑?#28257;鐨勮¦鏀瑰杽鎴戜滑鐨?#37922;熷瓨鐜?#28583;?#38171;?#28051;?#27996;哄簲璇?#28052;熻兘澶?#37721;戞尌绉?#37835;?#37928;勪綔鐢? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細optimize our living environment v 鏀瑰杽鎴戜滑鐨?#37922;熷瓨鐜?#28583;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細provided that = if 鍋囧¦‚ ]]></description> </item><item><title>闆?#37804;濆?#27406;綔鑰?#29831;?#29825;?#26864;?#29825;茶§£?#32048;榧?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛涔?#37716;?#37928;勭?#24807;尯鏈?#37716;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-615-444054-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[銆€銆€棰?#37929;®ï細 銆€銆€Some people suggest that young adults should be encourage to do some unpaid jobs for the community, do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages for young people and the community? 鏈?#27996;哄缓璁?#37812;戜滑?#31794;璇?#27047;?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛涔?#37716;?#37928;勭?#24807;尯鏈?#37716;?#38171;?#37828;?#37722;?#29825;?#28051;?#37714;?#28598;?#27996;?#23534;?(缁忓吀鏃?#26864;?#38171;屽?#30923;交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37928;勫埄寮? 銆€銆€闆?#37804;?#26864;?#25652;?#28051;­ç被浼?#26864;?#37929;®ï細 銆€銆€Unpaid community service, such as teaching local children sports skills, working for local charities and improving neighborhood relations, should be a compulsory part of secondary education. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#38171;屼緥濡?#37825;欐?#22557;­©瀛愪滑浣撹偛鎶€?#20824;锛?#37812;?#38000;?#28051;烘?#22557;?#21227;洟浣?#23480;¥ä綔锛?#37812;?#38000;?#37828;?#37819;愰珮绀惧尯鍏?#32495;?#38171;屽簲璇?#37812;?#28051;?#28051;?#28699;?#37825;欏­¦澶?#32510;?#37928;?#28051;€閮?#37714;?#38171;?#37828;?#37722;?#29825;?#37722;? 銆€銆€Young adults should undertake unpaid work to help people in the community. To what extent do you think it brings more drawbacks to the community and the young adults than benefits? 骞磋交浜哄簲璇?#29722;?#27047;?#37716;?#37720;诲仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#38171;?#37828;?#37722;?#29825;?#28051;?#23534;?#28598;?#27996;?#37714;?(2006骞?鏈?3鏃? 銆€銆€鎬?#29882;?#37815;撳睍?#32048; 銆€銆€榧?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37928;勫埄濂斤細 銆€銆€1. ?#28266;鏈?#37716;?#32448;惧尯杩囩¨‹涓?#38171;屽?#30923;交浜轰細鍔犳繁瀵?#27996;庣?#21477;細鐨勬?#28850;療锛屽­¦涔?#28641;?#28003;?#37832;?#37825;?#37734;?#37724;屼汉浜?#23092;?#27996;?#23536;€锛岀§¯绱¯ç浉鍏?#37928;?#23480;¥ä綔缁忛獙锛?杩?#27996;?#38318;?#37721;?#28000;?#28051;哄?#30923;交浜?#37832;?#37833;?#37928;勬嫨涓?#37813;?#28051;?#27996;嗗潥瀹?#37928;勫?#34425;¡€銆? 銆€銆€2. 浠庣?#21095;¥ž鎴?#38336;?#37928;勮§’搴?#38000;岃¨€锛屽?#30923;交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#38171;?#28751;?#37711;?#37828;?#29999;?#37716;?#28699;¤å効闄?#37928;勫効绔?#37812;?#38000;?#37828;?#38000;?#27996;?#38340;?#37928;勮€?#27996;?#38171;?#37832;?#37716;?#27996;庡Ÿ¹鍏?#28051;€涓?#27996;?#37928;勭?#21342;績锛?#29840;?#28000;诲績锛?#37722;屾儏?#32318;锛?#26473;?#38000;?#28003;?#27996;?#37832;?#28051;€绉嶇§¯鏋佸?#21230;壇鐨勫績鎬?#37510;? 銆€銆€3.骞磋交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#38171;?#37721;?#28000;?#32513;欑?#24807;尯甯?#37833;?#37929;存帴鐨勫府鍔?#38171;岀紦瑙?#28000;栦滑鐨?#23480;¥ä綔鍘嬪姏锛屼?#29115;捣鍒?#27996;嗙?#40511;寖鐨勪綔鐢?#38171;岄紦鍔?#37831;?#28598;?#37928;?#27996;?#29999;?#37716;?#32448;惧尯銆? 銆€銆€骞磋交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37928;勫紛绔¯ï細 銆€銆€1.榧?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37721;?#38003;戒細鍒?#37825;?#28699;?#37922;熶滑鐨勭?#24807;姏锛岃€?#29831;?#28000;栦滑鐨勫­¦涔犳椂闂?#38171;?#37922;氳嚦鎴?#28051;?#28051;€浜涘­©瀛愪滑璐?#37916;?#37928;勫€?#37721;?#37510;? 銆€銆€2. 鍚?#32457;嶇?#24807;尯鏈?#37716;?#28052;?#37828;?#37832;?#28051;?#37837;?#23480;¥ä綔瑕佹眰鐨?#38171;?#28641;傛灉涓€浜涘?#30923;交浜轰滑缂轰?#24533;?#24807;尯鏈?#37716;?#37928;?#37933;?#29831;?#38171;岄偅?#31646;浠栦滑鐨?#23480;¥ä綔涓?#37828;?#29999;®å繖锛?#37721;嶈€?#37828;?#23075;?#28052;?#37510;? 銆€銆€鑼冩枃璧?#37835;愶細 銆€銆€棣?#23048;?#38171;氳?#23678;櫙浠?#32513;?+ 浜?#29825;?#37906;?#37904;?+ ?#32148;瀹?#32468;?#37734;? 銆€銆€It is a common practice that young students in numerous countries are required to embark on a period of voluntary community service work. However锛?peoples’ views differ greatly on this practice. To voice my opinion, those who are in the formative years should be motivated to undertake glorious community work, yet, its possible downsides should be emphasized 銆€銆€浜屾?#30857;細榧?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37928;勫埄濂?#37928;勫睍?#32017;?#32048; 銆€銆€Granted锛?seen from the positive aspects, some merits could be gained via encouraging young students to be involved in unpaid community service. The most glaring virtue is that those who assume the responsibility of community work could learn how to care about others and provide concrete assistance. Meanwhile, it will enhance their sense of social responsibility and cultivate their loving hearts. Still, one’s co-ordination ability, teamwork spirit and management ability could be promoted during the process of serving the community. Eventually, as for many city-born young people, it is the experience of community service that makes them become independent, sociable and cooperative. 銆€銆€涓夋?#30857;細榧?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37928;勫紛绔?#37928;勫睍?#32017;?#32048; 銆€銆€Nonetheless锛寀nder no circumstances can we ignore the potential drawbacks triggered by introducing unpaid community service into secondary school curriculums . First, the unpaid community service will surely occupy the finite and precious time of the students, which can otherwise be used in learning or building their bodies. Further, a great many students are too young or inexperienced to cope with the complicated community service. In this sense, instead of doing the community a favor, their voluntary activity might add burden to the community. 銆€銆€灏?#23048;碉細鍐嶆¬¡浜?#37828;庤?#20636;偣 銆€銆€In closing, my stand is that although community service is a challenging task and might take up some time, the merits of encouraging students to do the community service outshine the demerits. Only by means of voluntary community work can we cultivate more and more responsible, well-behaved and caring social citizens. 銆€銆€瑙?#37835;愶細enable sb to brave new challenges in life v 浣?#27996;?#37721;?#28000;?#38344;?#28725;?#37922;熸椿涓?#37826;?#37928;?#37816;?#37812;? 銆€銆€瑙?#37835;愶細Only by means of doing sth锛?can we ……鍙?#37832;夐€氳繃…… 鎴戜滑鎵嶈兘?#20187;……?#32048; 銆€銆€瑙?#37835;愶細responsible, well-behaved and caring adj鏈?#29840;?#28000;?#37808;?#37928;?#38171;氳¡Œ涓?#29785;勮寖鐨?鏈夌?#21342;績鐨? 銆€銆€绀惧尯鏈?#37716;?#37737;虹¡€鍐欎綔璇?#37826;?#25652;擄細 銆€銆€1. free community service free = unpaid voluntary community service = voluntary community service n 鍏?#29840;?#37928;勭?#24807;尯鏈?#37716;? 銆€銆€2. it is a common practice that ……杩?#37828;?#28051;€涓?#23536;?#37829;?#38316;?#37928;勫仛?#30838; 銆€銆€3. it is not rare to see that …… 杩?#28051;€鐐?#23536;堝父瑙? 銆€銆€4. the merits of doing sth far outweigh its possible demerits …… 鐨勫埄澶?#27996;?#23534;? 銆€銆€5. those who are in the formative years = young people = young man = youngster n骞磋交浜? 銆€銆€6. care about others and provide concrete assistance v鍏冲績浠?#27996;轰互鍙婃?#24874;?#28056;叿浣?#37928;勫府鍔? 銆€銆€瑙?#37835;愶細concrete assistance n 鍏?#28003;?#37928;勫府鍔? 銆€銆€7. independent, sociable and cooperative adj鐙?#32468;?#37928;?鍠?#27996;庣¤¾浜?#37928;?鏈?#37722;堜綔绮剧¥ž鐨? 銆€銆€8. help the young acquire and accumulate a pool of relevant working experience v 甯?#37716;?#39582;磋交浜鸿幏寰楀?#23680;§¯绱?#28598;?#38322;忕浉鍏?#37928;?#23480;¥ä綔缁忛獙 銆€銆€9. The young adults should be involved in some unpaid community service 鎴戜滑?#31794;璇?#27047;?#37716;卞?#30923;交浜哄仛涓€浜涘厤璐?#37928;勭?#24807;尯鏈?#37716;? 銆€銆€10. …… can锛宼o a large extent锛宔nhance one’s competitiveness in the future job-seeking v ……鍙?#28000;¥å湪寰?#28598;?#32459;?#25652;?#28051;婃?#24880;珮涓€涓?#27996;?#37832;?#37833;?#37928;勫氨涓?#37928;?#28028;?#37716;? 銆€銆€鎷撳睍: enhance one’s efficiency of working 鎻愰珮宸¥ä綔鏁堢巼 銆€銆€11. one’s sense of …… can be strongly promoted by doing sth 涓€涓?#27996;?#37928;?hellip;…鍙?#28000;?#29722;?hellip;…鎺?#37716;? 銆€銆€12. be spurred to do sth = be inspired to do sth = be motivated to do sth 鏌?#27996;?#29722;?#27047;?#37716;卞仛 …… 銆€銆€13. to do sth is commendable and preferable …… 鏄?#37706;?#23536;?#29863;?#32519;?#37928;勫彲鍙?#37928;? 銆€銆€瑙?#37835;愶細commendable adj鍊?#23536;?#29863;?#32519;?#37928;勶細preferable adj鍙?#37721;?#37928;? 銆€銆€14. a great many = a number of = numerous 璁?#28598;?#37928;? 銆€銆€15. ……is of great significance …… 鏄?#23536;?#38322;嶈¦鐨? 銆€銆€16. It has been suggested that = an opinion springs up that …… 鏈?#27996;哄缓璁?…… 銆€銆€17. compulsory part = compelling part n蹇呬慨璇剧¨‹ 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048;compel sb to do sth = oblige sb to do sth = force sb to do sth 杩?#28003;?#37836;?#27996;哄仛…… 銆€銆€18. learn to how to communicate and associate with others 瀛?#28052;?#28641;?#28003;?#37724;?……浜?#23536;€浜?#23092;? 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048;associate with sb v 鍜屾煇浜?#27996;?#23536;€ 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048;…… is a good way to socialize ……鏄?#23536;堝¥½鐨勭¤¾浜?#37928;勫?#33445;柟寮? 銆€銆€19. via embarking on unpaid community work v 閫氳?#22247;仛涔?#37716;?#37928;勭?#21477;細鏈?#37716;?#38342;?#37804;?#37721;?#29831;?#38000;?#29831;曟椂闂? 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048; embark on v 浠庝簨…… 銆€銆€20. sb can not only do sth but also do sth 鏌?#27996;?#28051;?#28003;?#37721;?#28000;¥å仛……鑰?#28051;?#37721;?#28000;¥å仛…… ]]></description> </item><item><title>闆?#37804;濆?#27406;綔鑰?#29831;?#29825;?#26864;?#29825;茶§£?#32048;鎻愰珮娌?#28000;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-615-444053-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[銆€銆€鐜?#28103;濈被+浜?#38315;氱被?#32048; 銆€銆€The best way to solve the environmental problems is to increase the price of fuel. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 澧?#37716;犳?#35268;枡鐨?#28000;?#37837;?#37828;?#29785;?#37712;?#37916;?#28583;冩薄鏌?#37928;?#37832;€浣?#38315;?#23536;? 銆€銆€鎬?#29882;?#37815;撳睍?#32048; 銆€銆€璁?#23005;?#23048;碉細 銆€銆€澧?#37716;犳?#35268;?#27407;湪鏀瑰杽鐜¯ä緥濡傚叡鍚屾?#33636;悊娴锋?#23339;薄鏌撳?#20905;柟闈?#28051;?#37828;?#23052;?#37832;?#37711;朵綔鐢?#37510;傜¬¬涓€锛屼氦閫?#23480;?#37711;?#37928;?#28598;?#38322;?#28003;?#37922;?#37716;犲揩浜?#37711;?#37918;?#37721;?#37830;?#37928;?#23005;?#28028;?#28052;熷¯¼鑷?#27996;嗚兘?#31790;鍗?#37832;?#38171;?#28641;傛?#28356;?#35268;枡浠?#37837;?#28051;婃定锛?璐?#26462;?#38000;?#37825;?#38322;忓?#24531;皯锛?杩欐牱锛屽櫔闊冲?#23680;?#28888;皵姹?#37836;撳?#24531;皯锛?#26473;?#28751;?#37824;瑰杽浜?#37916;?#28583;?#37510;傜¬¬浜?#38171;岃矾涓?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;?#37928;勫?#24531;?#25116;篃?#32048;澶?#28598;?#37916;?#28583;冨?#24225;競鐨?#27996;?#38315;氭嫢鍫?#28000;?#37721;婄紦瑙?#27996;虹被鐨勮兘?#31790;鍗?#37832;? 浜轰滑鍙?#28000;?#27996;?#37721;?#37714;?#37831;?#37716;犵?#24225;¥½鐨?#37922;熸椿銆? 銆€銆€鍙嶉©³娈碉細 銆€銆€鎴?#29825;?#28051;?#38171;?#28051;嶈兘蹇?#29785;嗗¢ž鍔犳?#35268;枡浠?#37837;?#29999;?#37833;?#37928;?#28051;嶈壇褰卞搷锛?#37711;?#28051;嶈?#20914;湪浜庢秷璐?#38000;?#29840;?#26462;?#37928;勭儹鎯?#28051;嬮檷锛屽¯¼鑷存苯杞?#29723;?#28051;?#37928;?#28051;嶆櫙?#30389;銆?#23011;?#28052;嬪¢ž鍔犳?#35268;枡锛?#37916;?#28583;冩薄鏌?#37928;勫叾浠?#37928;勮§£鍐?#37716;炴硶杩?#37832;?#23536;?#28598;?#37510;傜¬¬涓€锛?#37824;?#25652;?#38322;囧彇鐜?#28103;?#37928;?#37824;?#32475;?#38171;屼緥濡?#38171;屾¤鏍戦€?#37835;?#28000;?#37721;婃?#28844;參杩囧害宸?#28051;氬寲鐨?#23005;?#28028;?#37510;傚垎浜?#37916;?#28103;?#32513;忛獙锛屼緥濡?#38315;氳繃娌荤悊娴锋?#23339;薄鏌?#37510;傜¬¬浜?#38171;?浼?#28051;?#37716;ªå姏鍘荤爺鍙?#37724;屾櫘鍙婃柊鍨?#37928;?#37916;?#28103;濊兘?#31790;锛?#37711;?#28003;?#38000;岃¨€锛屾帹骞夸綆纰?#37916;?#28103;?#23033;?#26462;?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#37922;电?#22549;©±鍔?#37928;勬苯杞?#37510;傜¬¬涓?#38171;?#37916;?#28583;冧繚鎶?#38171;屼汉浜?#37832;?#29840;?#38171;?#28051;?#27996;哄簲璇?#37819;愰珮鐜?#28103;?#37808;?#29831;?#28000;?#37721;?#26473;?#32480;€鍗?#37922;熸椿锛屼緥濡傚潗鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;?#38171;岃?#20635;?#30923;妭鐢?#38171;?#37721;?#37716;?#37916;?#28103;?#32513;?#32513;囩瓑銆? 銆€銆€?#24107;鍒?#29831;?#37826;?#25652;擄細 銆€銆€1. best = preferable adj 鍙?#37721;?#37928;? 銆€銆€2. feasible = viable adj鍙?#29723;?#37928;? 銆€銆€3. resolve = address v瑙?#37712;?…… 銆€銆€4. increase = multiply v澧?#37716;?…… 銆€銆€5. enhance = raise v鎻愰珮 …… 銆€銆€6. price = expense = expenditure = cost n璐?#37922;? 銆€銆€7. improve = perfect = better = optimize = ameliorate v鏀瑰杽 銆€銆€8. environmental pollution = environmental contamination n鐜?#28583;冩薄鏌? 銆€銆€9. do sth in environmentally friendlier way 浠?#37831;?#37716;?#37916;?#28103;?#37928;勬柟寮忓仛 銆€銆€10. environmental conservation = greenism = environmental protection = environmental preservation n鐜?#28583;冧繚鎶? 銆€銆€11. the emission of exhaust gas n灏炬皵鐨?#38322;婃斁 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048;exhaust gas 搴熸皵 銆€銆€鎷撳睍?#32048;public transport n 鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;? 銆€銆€12. release of exhausts n搴熸皵鐨?#38322;婃斁 銆€銆€13. ruin the environment v鐮村潖鐜?#28583;? 銆€銆€鐐?#29831;勶細ruin n搴?#28583;?v鐮村潖 銆€銆€14. …… is environmentally harsh adj鏈?#28729;?#37916;?#28583;?#37928;勶細 銆€銆€15. safeguard our surroundings 淇?#37814;?#37916;?#28583;? 銆€銆€16. give up = forgo v鏀惧純 銆€銆€17. replace = take the place of = substitute v浠?#37831;?hellip;… 銆€銆€18. To develop and popularize cleaner cars could effectively ease the pollution triggered by public transport 鐮?#37721;?#37916;?#28103;?#23033;?#26462;?#37721;?#28000;?#37832;?#37825;?#37734;扮紦瑙?#37711;?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;峰嚭琛屽甫鏉?#37928;勬薄鏌?#37510;? 銆€銆€19. The public should also be encourage to take public transit ?#31794;璇?#27047;?#37716;?#37711;?#28028;?#28052;樺潗鍏?#37711;?#27996;?#38315;?#23480;?#37711;?#37510;? 銆€銆€20. raise the environmental awareness amongst the general public v 鎻愰珮鍏?#28028;?#37928;?#37916;?#28103;?#37808;?#29831;?#37510;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>闆?#37804;?#29831;嶆±‡涔?#35120;?#29785;嗗獟浣撶被(3) http://www.5890738.com/show-470-444051-1.html 闆?#37804;?#29831;嶆±‡涔?#35120;?#29785;嗗獟浣撶被(2) http://www.5890738.com/show-470-444050-1.html 闆?#37804;?#29831;嶆±‡涔?#35120;?#29785;嗗獟浣撶被(1) http://www.5890738.com/show-470-444049-1.html 闆?#37804;?#29831;嶆±‡璁?#36423;嗘?#35268;硶浠?#32513;嶏細鎷嗗?#26945;硶 http://www.5890738.com/show-470-444048-1.html 闆?#37804;?#29831;嶆±‡璁?#36423;嗘?#35268;硶浠?#32513;?#38171;氳皭闊虫硶 http://www.5890738.com/show-470-444047-1.html 闆?#37804;?#29831;嶆±‡璁?#36423;嗘?#35268;硶浠?#32513;嶏細鍒?#37808;?#38001;?#37807;虫硶 http://www.5890738.com/show-470-444046-1.html 鎬庢牱鎻?#37719;囨²Ÿ閫?#37814;€宸? http://www.5890738.com/show-7804-444045-1.html 鎶?#38346;?#23092;?#28598;?#37911;圱ikTok鏄?#28641;?#28003;?#37824;瑰啓涓?#37923;?#37928;?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-7804-444044-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Hello, person who is, statistically speaking, a humanadult aged approximately “millennial” to “boomer.” The analytics suggest a high likelihood that you’reaware there is an app named TikTok, and a similarlyhigh likelihood that you’re not totally sure what it’sall about. Maybe you asked someone younger in yourlife, and they tried to explain and possibly failed. Ormaybe you’ve heard that this new, extraordinarilypopular video app is “a refreshing outlier in thesocial media universe” that’s “genuinely fun touse.” Maybe you even tried it, but bounced straightout, confused and sapped. 浣犲¥½锛?#28051;€鍚?#28000;?#32513;熻®¡瀛?#28051;?#29825;插睘浜庝汉?#34987;鐨?#37812;?#39582;?#27996;?#38171;屽勾?#32222;澶§ç害?#28266;“鍗?#32450;?#28051;€浠?rdquo;鍒?ldquo;濠村効?#30086;涓€浠?rdquo;涔嬮棿銆傚垎鏋?#29723;?#37828;?#38171;?#28003;犲緢鏈?#37721;¯è兘鍚?#29831;磋繃涓€涓?#37721;«TikTok鐨勫簲鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#38171;?#37722;屾牱锛?#28003;?#28052;?#23536;?#37832;?#37721;?#38003;戒笉瀹?#37711;?#27996;嗚§£瀹?#37828;?#39582;?#28000;€涔堢殑銆備?#29115;®¸浣?#38338;?#26473;?#28003;?#37922;熸椿涓?#37831;村?#30923;交鐨?#27996;?#38171;屼粬?#28369;璇?#37733;惧?#27699;繃瑙?#38322;?#38171;?#28003;?#23052;?#37812;?#37716;?#37510;?#37812;?#38000;?#28003;?#37721;¯è兘鍚?#29831;磋繃锛?#26473;?#28051;ªé潪?#29238;鍙?#23046;?#26473;?#37928;勬柊鐨勮?#21979;?#25117;簲鐢?ldquo;?#28266;绀?#27996;?#28655;?#28003;撻?#21975;ŸŸ鏄?#28051;€涓?#28000;?#27996;?#38000;?#37929;?#28051;€鏂?#37928;勫?#20636;被”锛?ldquo;浣?#37922;?#29863;?#37833;?#32429;?#28729;?#37832;?#29906;?rdquo;銆備?#29115;®¸浣?#29831;?#26473;囧畠锛?#28003;嗗洜涓?#37733;版ƒ‘鍜屾?#21228;皵锛岄©¬涓?#28751;?#37824;惧純浜?#37510;? “Fear of missing out” is a common way to describe how social media can make people feellike everyone else is part of something — a concert, a secret beach, a brunch — that they’renot. A new wrinkle in this concept is that sometimes that “something” is a social mediaplatform itself. Maybe you saw a photo of some friends on Instagram at a great party andwondered why you weren’t there. But then, next in your feed, you saw a weird video, watermarked with a vibrating TikTok logo, scored with a song you’d never heard, starring aperson you’d never seen. Maybe you saw one of the staggering number of ads for TikTokplastered throughout other social networks, and the real world, and wondered why you weren’tat that party, either, and why it seemed so far away. “瀹?#37804;?#38335;?#26473;?rdquo;鏄?#37819;?#26473;扮¤¾浜?#28655;?#28003;?#28641;?#28003;?#29825;?#27996;轰滑瑙?#23536;?#37711;?#28000;?#27996;?#38318;?#37828;?#37836;?#28051;?#28051;滆¥¿(闊?#28052;愪細銆?#28051;€澶?#32457;樺瘑鐨?#23092;锋哗銆?#28051;€椤?#37827;©å崍˜¡?鐨?#28051;€閮?#37714;?#38171;岃€屼粬?#28369;鍗?#28051;?#37828;?#37928;?#28051;€涓ªå父鐢?#29831;存硶銆?#26473;欑?#23942;兂?#30838;鐨?#28051;€涓?#37826;扮壒鐐?#37828;?#38171;?#37832;夋椂“鏌?#28051;?#28051;滆¥¿”鏈?#38892;?#37828;?#28051;€涓?#32448;?#27996;?#28655;?#28003;撳钩鍙?#37510;備?#29115;®¸浣犲湪Instagram涓婄湅鍒?#28051;€浜?#37832;?#37721;?#37721;?#37716;?#28051;€涓?#23536;?#22955;?#37928;勬?#24807;¯¹鐨勭収鐗?#38171;?#28003;犳兂鐭?#38316;?#38171;?#28051;轰粈?#31646;浣犳病鍘?#37510;傛帴涓?#37833;?#38171;?#28003;犲湪浣?#37928;?#37716;?#37804;佹秷鎭?#28051;­ç湅鍒?#27996;?#28051;€涓?#28610;?#37804;?#37928;勮?#21979;¢‘锛?#28051;?#38344;?#37832;?#28051;€涓?#37816;?#37716;?#37928;凾ikTok鏍囧織锛岄厤鏈?#28051;€棣?#28003;?#28000;庢湭鍚?#26473;?#37928;?#23005;?#38171;?#28051;?#29785;?#37828;?#28051;€涓?#28003;?#28000;庢湭瑙?#26473;?#37928;?#27996;?#37510;備?#29115;®¸浣犲湪鍏?#28000;?#32448;?#27996;?#28655;?#28003;?#32515;戜笂?#28229;鍒?#27996;嗛“º澶?#37929;?#37734;?#37928;凾ikTok骞?#37723;?#38171;屽苟鎯?#37933;?#38316;?#28051;轰粈?#31646;浣犳病鏈?#37721;?#37716;?#38317;?#28051;?#23090;惧¯¹锛?#28051;轰粈?#31646;瀹冪湅璧?#37833;?#38317;£ä箞閬?#26473;?#37510;? It’s been a while since a new social app got big enough, quickly enough, to make nonusers feelthey’re missing out from an experience. If we exclude Fortnite, which is very social but alsovery much a game, the last time an app inspired such interest from people who weren’t on itwas … maybe Snapchat? (Not a coincidence that Snapchat’s audience skewed very young, too.) 宸?#37832;?#28610;?#38336;挎椂闂存病?#22189;鐜?#26473;?#28051;€娆?#37826;?#37928;勭¤¾浜¤å簲鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#38171;屽湪瓒?#28598;熺煭鐨勬椂闂?#38322;?#37721;?#23536;?#29906;?#28598;?#23534;?#28598;?#38171;屼互?#22182;浜?#28729;?#29825;©é潪鐢?#37812;?#37808;?#37714;?#28000;栦滑姝£å湪閿?#26473;?#28051;€绉?#28003;撻獙銆?#28641;傛灉鎴戜滑鎶?#37722;屾牱?#28522;?#29238;绀?#27996;?#38171;?#28003;?#37721;?#28051;嶈繃鏄?#23046;炬父鎴?#37928;?#37510;婂牎鍨?#28052;?#28598;?#37510;?Fortnite)鎺?#38340;¤å湪澶?#37928;?#29831;?#38171;岄偅?#31646;锛?#37832;€杩?#37928;?#28051;€娆惧湪娌?#37832;?#28003;?#37922;?#28729;?#37928;?#27996;?#28051;­æ縺鍙戜簡濡傛­¤澶?#37711;磋叮鐨勭¨‹搴忓簲鐢?#37828;?hellip;…涔熻®¸鏄疭napchat?(Snapchat鐨?#37922;?#37812;蜂篃?#28522;?#29238;骞磋交锛?#26473;欏苟?#28522;宸?#37722;?#37510;? And while you, perhaps an anxious abstainer, may feel perfectly secure in your “choice” not tojoin that service, Snapchat has more daily users than Twitter, changed the course of itsindustry, and altered the way people communicate with their phones. TikTok, now reportedly500 million users strong, is not so obvious in its intentions. But that doesn’t mean it doesn’thave them! Shall we? ?#27367;?#21159;浣?#37721;¯è兘灏?#37828;?#28051;嶆兂鐢?#26473;?#27996;涘簲鐢?#38171;岃€?#28051;斿¯¹鑷?#23480;?#28051;?#37922;¨Snapchat鏈?#37716;?#37928;?ldquo;閫夋嫨”?#28522;?#29238;鏈夋?#23107;¡锛?#28003;?#38317;?#28051;?#37832;?#37716;?#37928;?#37827;¥å父鐢?#37812;?#23011;擳witter鐨?#26473;?#28598;?#38171;?#28729;?#37824;?#37721;?#27996;嗚¡Œ涓?#37928;勫?#25117;睍?#26591;鍚?#38171;?#37824;?#37721;?#27996;?#27996;轰滑鐢¨æ墜鏈?#27996;?#23092;?#37928;勬柟寮?#37510;傛嵁鎶?#38316;?#38171;岀洰?#22688;宸?#37815;?#37832;?浜?#37922;?#37812;?#37928;凾ikTok瀵?#38007;?#23480;?#37928;?#37813;?#32480;楀苟涓?#23536;?#37828;庣¡®銆?#28003;?#26473;欏苟涓?#37808;忓懗?#28483;瀹?#23052;?#37832;?#37813;?#32480;?璁?#37812;戜滑浜嗚§£涓€涓?#38171;屽¥½鍚? The basic human explanation of TikTok. 鐢¨å熀鏈?#37928;?#27996;?#29831;?#29785;?#38322;ŠTikTok銆? TikTok is an app for making and sharing short videos. The videos are tall, not square, like onSnapchat or Instagram’s stories, but you navigate through videos by scrolling up and down, like a feed, not by tapping or swiping side to side. TikTok鏄?#28051;€涓?#37714;朵綔鍜?#37714;?#27996;«ç煭瑙嗛¢‘鐨勫簲鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#37510;傚畠鐨勮?#21979;¢‘鏄?#38336;?#37833;?#35120;?#37928;?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#37828;¯å儚Snapchat鎴朓nstagram閭£æ牱鏄¯æ柟褰?#37928;?#38171;?#28003;?#37922;¨æ墜鎸?#28051;?#28051;嬫粴鍔?#37833;?#23092;?#29785;?#29785;嗛¢‘锛?#28751;卞儚娴?#29785;?#37716;?#37804;佹秷鎭?#38317;£æ牱锛岃€?#28051;?#37828;?#37922;¨æ墜鎸?#23480;?#37721;?#37813;?#37716;?#37510;? Video creators have all sorts of tools at their disposal: filters as on Snapchat (and later, everyone else); the ability to search for sounds to score your video. Users are also stronglyencouraged to engage with other users, through “response” videos or by means of “duets” — users can duplicate videos and add themselves alongside. 瑙嗛¢‘鍒朵綔鑰?#37832;?#37722;?#32457;?#37722;勬牱鐨?#23480;?#37711;蜂緵浠栦滑浣?#37922;¨ï細鍜孲napchat(浠?#37721;?#37722;庢潵鎵€鏈?#39582;?#37721;?涓€?#29297;鐨勬护闀?#38171;?#26473;?#37721;?#28000;?#37820;滅储澹伴?#20805;綔涓?#29785;嗛¢‘鐨勯厤涔?#37510;傝蒋浠?#26473;橀€氳繃“鍥炲簲”瑙嗛¢‘鎴?ldquo;浜岄噸?#25969;”鐨勬柟寮忓?#34425;?#22565;紦鍔?#37922;?#37812;?#28051;?#37711;?#28000;?#37922;?#37812;?#27996;?#37716;?#38171;?#37922;?#37812;?#37721;?#28000;?#28598;?#37714;?#29785;嗛¢‘锛屽苟鎶?#38007;?#23480;辨坊鍔犲埌瑙嗛?#25116;腑鍘?#37510;? Hashtags play a surprisingly large role on TikTok. In more innocent times, Twitter hoped itsusers might congregate around hashtags in a never-ending series of productive pop-up mini-discourses. On TikTok, hashtags actually exist as a real, functional organizing principle: notfor news, or even really anything trending anywhere else than TikTok, but for various“challenges,” or jokes, or repeating formats, or other discernible blobs of activity. 涓?#26864;?#37837;囩?#24807;湪TikTok涓?#37928;勪綔鐢¨å嚭濂囧湴澶?#37510;傚湪?#27977;瀵圭º¯?#28257;鐨勫勾浠?#38171;孴witter甯?#37832;?#38315;氳繃涓€绯?#37714;?#37827;?#28028;戞­¢鐨?#37510;佸?#25780;湁鎴?#37825;堢殑銆?#28051;存椂璧?#37808;?#37928;?#26473;?#28003;?#29831;?#29831;?#37833;?#29825;?#37922;?#37812;锋±‡鑱?#37714;?#28051;€璧?#37510;傚湪TikTok涓?#38171;?#28051;?#26864;?#37837;囩­¾鏄¯ä綔涓?#28051;€涓ªç湡瀹?#37928;?#37510;?#37716;熻兘鎬?#37928;?#32513;?#32513;囧師鍒欏?#27194;湪鐨勶細涓嶉?#22557;?#35268;柊闂?#38171;?#37922;氳嚦涓嶉?#22557;?#31566;ikTok涔?#28598;?#37928;?#28000;?#28003;?#23092;?#29723;岃秼鍔?#38171;岃€?#37828;?#38333;堝¯¹鍚?#32457;?ldquo;鎸?#37812;?rdquo;銆佺瑧璇?#37510;?#38322;?#28598;?#37837;?#23534;?#38171;?#37812;?#37711;?#28000;?#37721;?#37718;?#37714;«å紑鏉?#37928;勬椿鍔?#38342;?#37722;?#37510;? TikTok is, however, a free-for-all. It’s easy to make a video on TikTok, not just because of thetools it gives users, but because of extensive reasons and prompts it provides for you. You canselect from an enormous range of sounds, from popular song clips to short moments fromTV shows, YouTube videos or other TikToks. You can join a dare-like challenge, or participatein a dance meme, or make a joke. Or you can make fun of all of these things. 浣員ikTok涓?#28052;?#23536;堟?#34562;贡銆傚湪TikTok涓?#37714;朵綔瑙嗛¢‘寰?#28729;?#37828;?#38171;?#28051;?#28000;呭洜涓?#28729;?#32513;?#37922;?#37812;锋?#24874;緵宸?#37711;?#38171;?#26473;樺洜涓?#28729;?#37722;戜綘鎻愪緵鍚?#32457;?#37722;勬牱鐨勭悊鐢?#37724;屾彁绀?#37510;?#28003;?#37832;?#28598;?#38322;?#37928;勯煶涔?#37721;?#28000;?#38315;夋嫨锛屼?#24226;祦琛?#23005;?#37831;?#37911;囨®µ鍒?#37922;?#29785;嗚?#20636;洰銆乊ouTube瑙嗛¢‘鎴?#37711;?#28000;朤ikTok鐢?#37812;?#37928;勭煭鐗?#37510;?#28003;?#37721;?#28000;?#37721;?#37716;?#28051;€涓ªç被浼兼縺灏?#37928;?#37816;?#37812;?#38171;?#37812;?#37721;?#37716;?#28051;€涓?#38008;炶箞杩峰§†锛?#37812;?#32514;?#28051;?#37916;?#32471;?#37510;?#37812;?#38000;?#28003;?#28052;?#37721;?#28000;¥æ嬁鎵€鏈?#26473;?#27996;?#27996;?#37807;呭紑鐜?#32471;?#37510;? TikTok assertively answers anyone’s what should I watch with a flood. In the same way, the appprovides plenty of answers for the paralyzing what should I post? The result is an endlessunspooling of material that people, many very young, might be too self-conscious to post onInstagram, or that they never would have come up with in the first place without a nudge. Itcan be hard to watch. It can be charming. It can be very, very funny. It is frequently, in thelanguage widely applied outside the platform, from people on other platforms, extremely“cringe.” TikTok瀵?#28000;?#28003;?#27996;?#37928;?ldquo;鎴?#29831;¥ç湅浠€?#31646;”鐨?#38338;?#26864;樺仛?#22189;娲?#23000;磋埇鐨?#37835;滄柇绛?#28598;?#37510;?#37722;屾牱鍦?#38171;?#26473;欐?#24807;簲鐢?#28052;?#28051;?ldquo;鎴?#29831;?#37721;戜粈?#31646;”杩?#28051;?#28000;?#27996;?#37833;熸墜鏉熻剼鐨?#38338;?#26864;樻?#24874;緵澶?#38322;?#37928;勭?#26048;¡ˆ銆傚叾缁撴?#28356;槸锛?#28051;?#38344;?#37832;?#27996;?#27996;轰滑婧愭簮涓嶆柇鍦?#37714;朵綔鐨?#37833;愭枡锛屼?#36720;滑(寰?#28598;?#27996;洪潪?#29238;骞磋交)鍙¯è兘?#27932;涓洪毦涓?#37807;?#38000;?#28051;?#37808;垮湪Instagram涓?#37721;?#29999;?#26473;?#27996;?#37833;愭枡锛?#37812;?#38000;?#28641;傛?#28356;病浜?#37804;傛伩锛屼粬?#28369;鍘?#37837;瑰効灏?#28051;嶄細鎯?#37714;?#37714;朵綔杩?#27996;?#37833;愭枡銆?#28051;?#38344;?#37928;勮?#21979;¢‘鍙?#38003;戒笉鍫?#37711;?#37929;?#38171;?#37721;?#38003;戒护浜虹潃杩?#38171;屼篃鍙¯è兘?#28522;?#29238;銆侀潪?#29238;鎼炵瑧銆?#37922;?#26473;?#28051;?#39582;?#37721;?#28052;?#28598;栧箍娉?#28003;?#37922;?#37928;?#37510;?#37833;?#38007;?#37711;?#28000;栧钩鍙?#37928;?#27996;?#37928;?#29831;?#29831;?#38171;?#28729;?#28051;?#38344;?#37928;?#28051;滆?#22446;父?#29238;鍗?#37714;?#37734;?ldquo;涓?#27996;?#37916;扮溂”銆? So that’s what’s on TikTok. What is it? TikTok涓?#28751;?#37828;?#26473;欐牱涓€浜?#28051;滆¥¿銆?#38317;£TikTok绌?#32468;?#37828;?#28000;€?#31646;? TikTok can feel, to an American audience, a bit like a greatest hits compilation, featuring onlythe most engaging elements and experiences of its predecessors. This is true, to a point. ButTikTok — known as Douyin in China, where its parent company is based — must also beunderstood as one of the most popular of many short-video-sharing apps in that country. Thisis a landscape that evolved both alongside and at arm’s length from the American techindustry — Instagram, for example, is banned in China. 瀵?#27996;庝竴鍚嶇編鍥?#37721;?#28028;?#37833;?#29831;?#38171;孴ikTok鎰熻§‰鏈?#37904;瑰儚鏄?#37905;?#38338;?#38010;傜洰姹囩紪锛?#37721;ªå睍绀?#37832;€鍚?#23534;?#27996;?#37928;勫厓绱?#38171;屼互鍙?#28052;嬪墠鐨勭被浼煎簲鐢?#37832;€鍚?#23534;?#27996;?#37928;?#32457;嶇§浣撻獙銆?#28000;庢煇绉嶇¨‹搴?#28051;?#29831;?#38171;屼簨瀹?#37928;勭¡®濡傛­¤銆?#28003;嗗繀椤绘?#21614;¥š鐨?#37828;?#38171;孴ikTok——瀹?#37928;?#23011;?#37711;?#37721;?#37833;?#38007;?#28051;?#37733;?#38171;屽湪閭?#38322;?#28729;?#37721;?#37814;?#38346;?mdash;—鏄?#28051;?#37733;戒紬澶氱煭瑙嗛¢‘鍒?#27996;«å簲鐢?#28051;?#37832;€鍙?#23046;?#26473;?#37928;?#28051;€娆?#37510;?#26473;?#28051;€娲炬櫙璞?#37928;勫?#25117;睍涓?#32519;?#37733;?#32457;戞妧浜?#28051;氬苟椹鹃½椹?#38171;?#37721;?#38007;?#37812;?#28051;€浣?mdash;—姣?#28641;?#38171;孖nstagram?#28266;涓?#37733;?#37828;?#29722;?#28766;忚”½鐨?#37510;? Under the hood, TikTok is a fundamentally different app than American users have used before. It may look and feel like its friend-feed-centric peers, and you can follow and be followed; ofcourse there are hugely popular “stars,” many cultivated by the company itself. There’smessaging. Users can and do use it like any other social app. But the various aesthetic andfunctional similarities to Vine or Snapchat or Instagram belie a core difference: TikTok ismore machine than man. In this way, it’s from the future — or at least a future. And it hassome messages for us. 瀹?#38340;?#28051;?#38171;孴ikTok鏄?#28051;€涓?#28051;?#32519;?#37733;?#37922;?#37812;?#28000;¥å墠浣?#37922;?#37928;勫簲鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#37812;ªç劧涓?#37722;?#37928;勫簲鐢?#37510;傚畠鏃?#29825;虹湅璧?#37833;?#26473;?#37828;¯å湪浣?#37922;?#37808;?#37721;?#28051;?#38171;?#37721;¯è兘璺?#38317;?#27996;?#28000;?#28610;?#37721;?#37716;?#37804;?#28051;?#28051;­å績(friend-feed-centric)鐨勭¤¾浜?#26462;?#28000;?#28051;€?#29297;锛?#28003;?#37721;?#28000;?#37711;虫敞鍒?#27996;?#38171;屼?#29115;兘琚?#37714;?#27996;?#37711;虫敞;褰撶劧锛?#37832;?#23536;?#28598;?#28598;?#37721;?#23046;?#26473;?#37928;?#32515;戠º¢锛?#37711;?#28051;?#23536;?#28598;?#38318;?#37828;?#29831;?#37711;?#37721;?#38007;?#23480;辩潃?#22991;鎵?#38315;犲嚭鏉?#37928;?#37510;?#26473;?#37832;夋秷鎭?#37716;熻兘銆?#37922;?#37812;蜂篃纭?#28729;?#37721;?#28000;¥å儚鐢?#37711;?#28000;?#32448;?#27996;¤å簲鐢?#28051;€?#29297;鏉?#37922;?#28729;?#37510;?#28003;?#28729;?#28051;ŽVine銆丼napchat鎴朓nstagram?#28266;瀹?#32519;?#37724;?#37716;熻?#25106;笂鐨?#29831;?#28598;氱浉浼?#28052;?#28598;?#38171;屾帺鐩?#27996;?#28051;€涓?#37837;稿績鍖?#37714;«ï細TikTok鏇?#28598;?#37928;?#37828;?#37832;哄櫒鑰岄潪浜虹被銆傚氨杩?#28051;?#37808;?#28052;?#28051;?#29831;?#38171;?#28729;?#37828;?#37833;?#38007;?#37832;?#37833;?#37928;勫簲鐢?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#29831;?#38171;岃嚦灏?#37828;?#37833;?#38007;?#37836;?#28051;€绉?#37832;?#37833;?#37510;傚?#20904;湪鍚?#37812;戜滑浼犺揪涓€浜?#29825;?#37805;?#37510;? Consider the trajectory of what we think of as the major social apps. 鎯?#37807;?#38317;?#27996;?#37812;戜滑瑙?#28051;?#28051;?#29781;佺¤¾浜¤å簲鐢?#37928;勫?#25117;睍杞?#26473;?#37722;?#37510;? Instagram and Twitter could only take us so far. Instagram鍜孴witter鍙ªè兘?#20187;鍒?#26473;?#28051;€姝?#27996;?#37510;? Twitter gained popularity as a tool for following people and being followed by other people andexpanded from there. Twitter watched what its users did with its original concept andformalized the conversational behaviors they invented. (See: Retweets. See again: hashtags.) Only then, and after going public, did it start to become more assertive. It made morerecommendations. It started reordering users’ feeds based on what it thought they might wantto see, or might have missed. Opaque machine intelligence encroached on the originalsystem. Twitter鐨勮?#25198;º¢鏄¯ä綔涓轰互鍏虫敞浠?#27996;哄苟琚?#37711;?#28000;?#27996;?#37711;虫敞——?#33503;?#28266;姝?#37737;虹¡€涓?#37813;?#37711;?#37832;?#37716;?mdash;—鐨?#23480;?#37711;?#37510;傚畠瑙傚療鐢?#37812;峰¯¹鍏?#37832;€鍒?#37928;勬?#20634;?#38747;仛浜?#28000;€?#31646;锛屽苟灏?#28000;栦滑鍙?#37828;?#37928;勫¯¹璇?#29723;?#28051;?#23005;?#23534;忓寲(姣?#28641;傝{鍙?#37716;熻兘锛?#37721;?#23011;?#28641;傛?#22249;?#24807;?#29115;兘)銆傜洿鍒?#38317;£æ椂锛屽湪鍏?#37721;?#28051;婂?#20633;箣鍚?#38171;?#28729;?#37813;嶅紑濮?#37721;?#23536;楀潥瀹氳€?#38007;ªä俊銆傚?#20905;?#24876;嚭浜?#37831;?#28598;?#37928;勫缓璁?#37510;傚紑濮?#37837;规嵁鐢?#37812;?#37721;¯è兘甯?#37832;涚湅鍒?#37928;?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#37832;?#37721;¯è兘閿?#26473;?#37928;勫唴瀹?#38171;屽¯¹鐢?#37812;?#37928;勪俊鎭¯æ簮杩?#29723;岄?#23942;?#29256;帓搴?#37510;?#28051;嶉€?#37828;?#37928;?#37832;哄櫒鏅?#38003;戒镜鍗?#27996;嗗師鏉?#37928;?#32495;?#32513;?#37510;? Something similar happened at Instagram, where algorithmic recommendation is now a verynoticeable part of the experience, and on YouTube, where recommendations shuttle onearound the platform in new and often … let’s say surprising ways. Some users might feelaffronted by these assertive new automatic features, which are clearly designed to increaseinteraction. One might reasonably worry that this trend serves the lowest demands of abrutal attention economy that is revealing tech companies as cynical time-mongers andturning us into mindless drones. ?#34987;浼?#37928;?#37807;?#35120;?#28052;?#37721;?#37922;熷湪Instagram涓?#38171;岀?#26945;硶鎺?#38013;?#37916;板湪鏄?#37711;剁浉鍏?#28003;撻獙涓­é潪?#29238;鍊?#23536;?#37711;虫敞鐨?#38318;?#37714;?#37510;傝€屽湪YouTube锛屾帹鑽?#28000;?#28051;€绉嶆柊鐨?#38171;岄€氬父鏄?#28000;?#27996;?#37807;?#29825;?#37928;勬柟寮忓湪骞?#37721;?#28051;?#32460;挎¢­銆傛湁浜?#37922;?#37812;?#37721;?#38003;戒細瀵?#26473;?#27996;?#38007;?#28000;?#28051;?#37828;?#37928;?#38007;?#37716;?#37826;?#37716;熻兘鎰?#37714;?#28051;嶇ˆ½锛?#26473;?#27996;?#37716;熻兘鏄剧劧鏄?#28051;?#27996;嗗¢ž鍔?#27996;?#37716;?#38000;?#29825;?#29825;?#37928;?#37510;?#27996;轰滑鎴?#29825;?#28729;?#37711;?#37832;夌悊鐢辨?#21613;績锛屽湪娈嬮叿鐨勬敞鎰忓姏缁?#23092;庢椂浠?#38171;?#26473;欑?#23944;秼鍔挎弧瓒?#37928;?#37828;?#38317;?#27996;?#37832;€?#32134;?#28214;姹?#37510;傚湪杩欑§缁?#23092;?#38322;?#38171;岀?#25118;妧鍏?#37721;?#37828;?#23052;?#37832;夊績鑲?#37928;勬椂闂?#29840;?#28699;?#38171;?#28729;冧滑灏?#37812;戜滑鍙?#37812;?#27996;?#28051;€缇?#23052;?#28598;存病鑴戠诞鍙?#37928;?#27996;?#37510;? These changes have also tended to work, at least on those terms. We often do spend more timewith the apps as they’ve become more assertive, and less intimately human, even as we’vecomplained. ?#22182;灏戝湪閭?#27996;?#37833;?#28000;?#28051;?#38171;?#26473;?#27996;?#37721;樺寲涔?#23536;€寰€鏄?#28610;?#37825;堢殑銆?#37812;戜滑寰€寰€鑺?#37831;?#28598;?#37928;勬椂闂村湪杩?#27996;涘簲鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#28051;?#38171;屽洜姝?#28729;冧滑涔?#37721;?#23536;?#37831;?#37716;?#38007;ªä俊锛?#28051;?#37712;?#38317;£ä箞鏈?#27996;?#37804;?#38171;屽摢鎬?#37812;戜滑瀵规­¤鏈?#37813;€鎶?#37804;?#37510;? What’s both crucial and easy to miss about TikTok is how it has stepped over the midpointbetween the familiar self-directed feed and an experience based first on algorithmicobservation and inference. The most obvious clue is right there when you open the app: thefirst thing you see isn’t a feed of your friends, but a page called “For You.” It’s an algorithmicfeed based on videos you’ve interacted with, or even just watched. It never runs out ofmaterial. It is not, unless you train it to be, full of people you know, or things you’ve explicitlytold it you want to see. It’s full of things that you seem to have demonstrated you want towatch, no matter what you actually say you want to watch. 鍏?#27996;ŽTikTok锛?#28051;€涓ªé潪?#29238;鍏?#38335;?#37722;屾椂鍙?#28729;?#37828;撳拷鐣?#37928;勫?#29256;柟?#28266;浜?#38171;屽湪鐔熸倝鐨?#38007;?#28725;?#37722;戜俊鎭¯æ簮鍜?#28051;€绉嶉¦–鍏堝熀浜?#32480;楁硶瑙傚療鍜屾帹?#24714;鐨?#32513;忛?#23676;?#23342;棿鐨?#38317;?#28051;?#28051;?#37904;?#38171;?#28729;?#37828;?#28641;?#28003;?#29882;?#26473;囧幓鐨?#37510;傚綋浣?#37813;撳紑杩欐?#24807;簲鐢¨æ椂锛?#37832;€鏄?#38000;?#37828;?#29785;?#37928;勭嚎绱?#28751;卞湪閭?#38322;岋細浣?#26851;?#37711;堢湅鍒?#37928;?#28051;?#37828;?#28610;?#37721;?#37716;?#37804;?#38171;岃€?#37828;?#28051;€涓?#37722;?#28051;?ldquo;For You”(涓?#28003;犲噯澶?鐨勯¡µ闈?#37510;傚畠鏄?#28051;€涓?#32480;楁硶鍔?#37804;?#38171;屽熀浜庝綘浜?#37716;?#26473;?#37928;勮?#21979;¢‘锛?#37922;氳嚦鍙?#37828;?#29785;傜湅杩?#37928;勮?#21979;¢‘銆傚畠鏈夌潃鍙?#28052;?#28051;嶇«­鐨勭礌鏉?#37510;?#38340;¤é潪浣犲¯¹瀹?#26473;?#29723;?#29825;?#32513;?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#37828;庣¡®鍛?#29831;?#28729;?#28003;犲笇鏈涚湅鍒?#28000;€?#31646;锛?#37722;?#37714;?#28051;?#38344;?#37711;?#37828;?#28003;?#28051;嶈®¤璇?#37928;?#27996;?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#28003;?#37832;?#36423;?#37807;崇湅鐨?#28051;滆¥¿銆?#28051;?#32480;?#28003;犲疄闄?#28051;?#37723;?#29831;?#28729;?#28003;犳兂?#28229;浠€?#31646;锛?#32513;?#26473;?#29825;?#32513;?#37722;?#37928;勫畠锛?#28051;?#38344;?#38318;?#37828;?#28003;?#28028;?#28052;庤¡¨鐜板嚭鏉?#28003;犳兂瑕佺湅鐨?#28051;滆¥¿銆? It is constantly learning from you and, over time, builds a presumably complex but opaquemodel of what you tend to watch, and shows you more of that, or things like that, or thingsrelated to that, or, honestly, who knows, but it seems to work. TikTok starts makingassumptions the second you’ve opened the app, before you’ve really given it anything to workwith. Imagine an Instagram centered entirely around its “Explore” tab, or a Twitter built around, I guess, trending topics or viral tweets, with “following” bolted onto the side. 瀹?#28051;嶆柇浠庝綘韬?#28051;婂­¦涔?#38171;岄?#24533;潃?#26882;闂?#37928;?#37818;?#32457;?#38171;屽缓绔?#28051;€涓?#28598;?#38007;?#28051;?#23536;?#28598;?#37833;?#28003;?#28051;嶉€?#37828;?#37928;勬¨¡鍨?#38171;?#37833;?#37721;?#37916;?#28003;犲?#28356;¬¢瑙傜湅浠€?#31646;锛屽苟涓?#37722;戜綘?#30541;绀?#37831;?#28598;氳?#27408;牱鐨勫唴瀹?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;呯被浼煎唴瀹?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#28051;庝箣?#27977;鍏?#37928;勫唴瀹?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#38171;岃€?#28729;?#29831;?#38171;岃?#20346;煡閬?#28000;€?#31646;?#21812;瀹?#38171;?#37721;?#23005;?#28028;?#28052;?#37828;?#37832;?#37825;堢殑銆俆ikTok?#32048;?#28266;浣?#37813;撳紑?#31794;鐢?#37928;?#38317;?#28051;€鍒?#28751;卞紑濮嬪仛?#22189;鍋?#29825;?#38171;岄偅?#26882;浣?#26473;?#23052;?#37832;?#37722;?#28729;冩?#24874;緵浠?#28003;?#28051;滆¥¿鏉?#28186;涘畠浣?#37922;?#37510;傛兂璞?#28051;€涓?#28729;?#37711;?#37733;?#32513;?ldquo;鎺?#32497;?rdquo;鏍囩?#24807;缓绔?#37928;処nstagram锛?#37812;?#38000;?#28051;€涓?#37733;?#32513;曠潃鐑?#38338;?#29831;?#26864;?#37724;岀梾姣?#23534;?#28028;犳挱鎺?#37826;囧缓绔?#29863;?#37833;?#37928;凾witter锛?ldquo;鍏虫敞”鏄?#29722;?#37817;?#32513;戝湪涓€渚?#37928;?#37510;? Imagine a version of Facebook that was able to fill your feed before you’d friended a singleperson. That’s TikTok. 鎯?#29854;?#37721;?#28051;€涓?#37911;?#37832;?#37928;凢acebook锛?#28729;冭兘?#28266;浣?#37716;犲¥½鍙?#28052;嬪墠灏辨妸浣?#37928;勪俊鎭?#23143;愬¡«?#24359;銆俆ikTok灏?#37828;?#26473;欐牱鐨?#37510;? Its mode of creation is unusual, too. You can make stuff for your friends, or in response toyour friends, sure. But users looking for something to post about are immediately recruited intogroup challenges, or hashtags, or shown popular songs. The bar is low. The stakes are low. Large audiences feel within reach, and smaller ones are easy to find, even if you’re justmessing around. 瀹?#37928;勫垱閫犳¨¡寮?#28052;?#28051;?#37722;屽?#35826;父銆傚綋?#21159;锛?#28003;?#37721;?#28000;?#28051;?#37832;?#37721;嬩滑鍒朵綔涓滆¥¿锛?#37812;?#38000;?#32513;欐湅鍙?#37721;戦€?#37733;?#28598;?#37510;?#28003;?#37828;?#38171;屾兂鍙?#29999;冨唴瀹?#37928;?#37922;?#37812;?#28028;氳¢«绔嬪嵆鎷涘嫙鍒扮兢缁?#37816;?#37812;?#37724;?#29831;?#26864;?#37837;囩?#24807;綋涓?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#23536;?#37714;?#28051;€浜?#23092;?#29723;?#23005;?#37831;蹭綔涓虹礌鏉?#37510;?#38338;?#22962;涘緢?#32134;銆?#26891;?#38340;?#23536;堜綆銆?#28598;?#38322;?#37928;勮§‚浼?#28028;?#28052;庤§¦?#22684;鍙?#37721;?#38171;岃€?#28751;?#38322;?#37928;勮§‚浼?#28052;?#23536;?#28729;?#37828;?#23536;?#37714;?#38171;屽?#20805;究浣?#37721;?#37828;¯å湪çž庨?#25780;崳銆? On most social networks the first step to showing your content to a lot of people is grinding tobuild an audience, or having lots of friends, or being incredibly beautiful or wealthy or idle andwilling to display that, or getting lucky or striking viral gold. TikTok instead encouragesusers to jump from audience to audience, trend to trend, creating something like simulatedtemporary friend groups, who get together to do friend-group things: to share an inside joke; to riff on a song; to talk idly and aimlessly about whatever is in front of you. Feedback is instantand frequently abundant; virality has a stiff tailwind. Stimulation is constant. There is anunmistakable sense that you’re using something that’s expanding in every direction. The poolof content is enormous. Most of it is meaningless. Some of it becomes popular, and some isgreat, and some gets to be both. As The Atlantic’s Taylor Lorenz put it, “Watching too many in arow can feel like you’re about to have a brain freeze. They’reincredibly addictive.” ?#28266;澶?#28598;?#37825;扮¤¾浜?#32515;?#32513;?#28051;?#38171;?#37722;?#23536;?#28598;?#27996;?#37721;?#29999;冨唴瀹?#37928;勭¬¬涓€姝?#37828;?#37716;ªå姏?#32531;绔?#28051;€涓?#37721;?#28028;?#32519;?鎴?#38000;呮嫢鏈?#23536;?#28598;?#37832;?#37721;?鎴?#38000;呴潪?#29238;?#32019;浜?#37510;佸瘜鏈?#37510;佺©º闂?#38171;屽苟涓?#37808;?#37808;忓睍绀?#26473;?#27996;?#28051;滆¥¿;鎴?#38000;?#37911;?#37714;?#39582;?#26473;?鍙?#37812;?#38000;?#32432;?#23480;?#37822;?#37714;?#38003;戒互鐥?#23011;掔骇浼犳挱鐨勯粍閲戝唴瀹?#37510;傜浉鍙?#38171;孴ikTok榧?#37716;?#37922;?#37812;?#28000;庝竴缇?#29785;?#28028;?#29882;?#37714;?#37721;?#28051;€缇?#29785;?#28028;?#38171;屼?#24221;竴涓?#29906;?#37716;胯烦鍒?#37721;?#28051;€涓?#29906;?#37716;?#38171;?#37714;涘缓涓€浜涚被浼?#27996;庢¨¡鎷?#28051;存椂鏈?#37721;?#32519;?#32513;?#37928;?#28051;滆¥¿锛屼粬?#28369;鑱氬湪涓€璧峰仛鏈?#37721;?#32519;?#32513;勫仛鐨?#27996;嬶細鍒?#27996;?#28051;€涓ªå唴閮?#32471;?#29831;?鍗?#37711;寸?#35826;敱涓€棣?#23005;?婕?#37827;犵洰鐨勫湴璋?#29825;?#38344;¢å墠鐨?#28051;€鍒?#37510;?#37721;嶉¦ˆ鏄?#37719;虫椂鐨?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#23536;€寰€鏄?#28051;板瘜鐨?鐥?#23011;掔骇浼犳挱鏈?#23536;堝己鐨?#37818;?#37716;¨å姏銆傚?#28888;縺鏄?#37805;?#28729;?#37928;?#37510;?#28003;犱細寰?#37714;?#28051;€绉?#37828;庣¡®鐨?#37808;熻?#22811;細浣犳­£?#28266;浣?#37922;?#28051;€绉?#37722;?#37722;?#28051;ªæ柟鍚戞墿?#30541;鐨?#28051;滆¥¿銆傚唴瀹归潪?#29238;宸?#28598;?#37510;?#28598;?#38318;?#37714;?#38318;?#23011;?#37827;?#37808;?#28052;?#37510;傛湁浜?#28051;滆?#22840;細娴?#29723;?#29863;?#37833;?#38171;?#37832;?#27996;?#28051;滆¥¿寰?#22955;?#38171;?#37832;?#27996;?#27996;岃€?#37711;?#28598;?#37510;傛­£濡?#37510;?#28598;?#29783;?#23090;?#37510;?#37832;堝垔(The Atlantic)鐨勬?#26495;‹’·?#30983;浼?#37711;?Taylor Lorenz)鎵€璇?#38171;?ldquo;涓€鍙£æ皵?#28229;澶?#28598;氳?#21979;?#25116;?#27699;®©浣?#37808;熻§‰澶?#38004;?#38318;?#27001;绘湪浜?#38171;岄潪?#29238;瀹?#37828;?#28051;婄樉銆?rdquo; TikTok is just doing to you what you told it to do. TikTok鍙?#37828;?#28725;?#28003;犲仛浜?#28003;?#29825;?#28729;冨仛鐨?#27996;?#37510;? In 1994, the artist and software developer Karl Sims demonstrated “virtual creatures” thatmoved in realistic ways discovered through “genetic algorithms.” These simulations, throughtrial and error, gradually arrived at some pre-existing shapes and movements: wriggling, slithering, dragging and walking. 1994骞?#38171;岃‰º鏈?#28729;?#37724;?#26462;?#28000;跺紑鍙?#38000;?#37719;?#28751;?middot;瑗?#38018;欐柉(Karl Sims)?#30541;绀?#27996;?#37922;?ldquo;閬?#28028;犵?#26945;硶”鍙?#37916;?#37928;?#28000;?#38315;?#37930;熸柟寮忕§»鍔?#37928;?ldquo;铏氭嫙鍔?#37911;?rdquo;銆?#26473;?#27996;?#38315;氳繃璇?#38335;?#23536;楀嚭鐨勬¨¡鎷?#38315;?#23005;?#23536;楀嚭浜嗘煇浜?#23480;?#28699;樺湪鐨勫舰鐘?#37724;?#26473;?#37716;¨ï細鎵?#37716;?#37510;佹粦鍔?#37510;佹?#26664;?#34249;拰琛?#29863;?#37510;? But some early models, which emphasized the creatures’ ability to cover a certain distance asquickly as possible, resulted in the evolution of a very tall, rigid being that simply fell over. Indoing so, it “moved” more quickly than a wriggling peer. It didn’t understand itsevolutionary priority as “creature-like locomotion.” It needed to get to a certain place asefficiently as possible. And it did. 浣?#37828;?#38171;?#28051;€浜?#37827;?#37832;熸¨¡鍨?#37831;?#29999;?#37832;?#26473;欑§鐢?#37911;©è兘澶?#28751;藉揩璧?#28729;?#28051;€瀹氳窛绂?#38171;?#32513;撴灉鍒堕€犲嚭涓€绉嶉潪?#29238;?#29678;澶?#37510;佸?#30005;¡¬鐨?#37922;?#37911;?#38171;?#37721;?#28028;氳?#23677;€?#28051;?#37833;?#37510;?#26473;欐牱锛?#28729;冭兘姣?#28051;€涓?#37813;?#37716;?#37928;?#37922;?#37911;?ldquo;绉?#37716;?rdquo;寰?#37831;?#36423;?#37510;傚畠涓?#37828;庣櫧鑷?#23480;?#37928;?#26473;涘寲浼?#37711;堢骇鏄?ldquo;?#20762;鐢?#37911;?#28051;€?#29297;鐨?#26473;?#37716;?rdquo;銆傚畠?#28214;瑕?#28751;?#37721;¯è兘?#29678;鏁?#37734;?#37714;拌揪鏌?#28051;?#37734;版柟銆傚畠涔熺¡®瀹炲仛鍒?#27996;?#37510;? Older social apps are continuously evolving, too. Their models prioritize growth and discovery, of course, but also assume the centrality of your people: the accounts you follow and whichfollow you, or with whom you communicate directly, and are bound up in their founding mythsand structures: Facebook’s social graph; the News Feed; the Instagram feed; Twitter’s rigiduser relationships. 鏃?#37928;勭¤¾浜¤å簲鐢?#28052;熷湪涓嶆柇鍙戝睍銆傚綋?#21159;锛?#28729;冧滑鐨勬¨¡鍨嬩細浼?#37711;堣€?#38095;?#28583;為暱鍜?#37721;?#37916;?#38171;?#28003;?#37722;屾椂涔?#37707;囧畾浣?#37928;?#27996;?#38004;?#37734;堝瓙澶?#27996;庝腑?#32318;鍦?#28003;?#38171;屼篃灏?#37828;?#28003;犲叧?#25950;鐨?#29840;?#37812;?#37510;?#37711;虫敞浣?#37928;?#29840;?#37812;?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#28003;?#28051;庝箣鐩存帴娌?#38315;?#37928;?#29840;?#37812;?#38171;?#26473;?#28051;€鍒?#38318;戒笌杩?#27996;涘簲鐢?#37928;勫?#28056;§‹瑙傚康鍜?#32513;撴?#21229;揣瀵嗙浉杩烇細Facebook鐨勭¤¾浜?#37733;捐氨;鏂?#38338;绘簮;Instagram?#31790;;Twitter鏋?#37711;峰師鍒?#37804;?#37928;?#37922;?#37812;?#37711;?#32495;?#37510;? TikTok though is the towering stick falling far and fast, not caring to wait to evolve through awriggling, cumbersome social phase, but instead asking: Why not just start showing peoplethings and see what they do about it? Why not just ask people to start making things and seewhat happens? If engagement is how success is measured, why not just design the appwhere taking up time is the entire point? There’s no rule, in apps or elsewhere, againstengagement for engagement’s sake. Let the creature grow tall and fall upon us all. ?#21159;鑰?#38171;孴ikTok灏卞儚鏄?#28051;€鏍归?#27200;珮鐨?#28598;?#22955;?#38171;?#28729;?#37721;?#28000;?#23536;堝揩灏卞€?#28051;?#37833;?#38171;?#37714;拌?#24807;緢杩?#37928;勫?#29256;柟锛?#28729;?#37837;规湰涓嶆兂?#29905;寰?#38171;?#28051;嶆兂閫氳繃涓€涓?#37831;?#37814;?#37510;佺?#20346;鐨勭¤¾浜?#38339;?#23048;?#28729;?#37812;?#26473;涘寲锛岃€?#37828;¯å湪闂®ï細涓轰粈?#31646;涓?#37722;戜?#36720;滑?#30541;绀?#28051;€浜?#28051;滆¥¿锛岀湅?#28229;浠栦滑?#32048;?#23297;瀹冧滑?#20187;浠€?#31646;?涓轰粈?#31646;涓嶈®©浜轰滑?#20187;鐐?#28051;滆¥¿锛岀湅?#28229;?#32048;鍙?#37922;?#28000;€?#31646;?濡傛灉鍙?#28051;?#25652;?#37828;?#29723;?#38322;?#37812;?#37716;?#37928;?#37837;囧噯锛?#28051;轰粈?#31646;涓嶈®¾璁?#28051;€涓?#37721;ªé渶?#28266;鍏?#28051;?#38010;?#29840;规椂闂?#37928;勫簲鐢?#37723;?鏃?#29825;?#37828;¯å湪?#31794;鐢?#32459;?#25652;?#38322;?#26473;?#37828;¯å湪鍏?#28000;?#37734;版柟锛?#37721;?#29781;佹兂鍙?#28051;?#38171;岄偅灏辨病鏈変换浣?#29785;勫?#27410;兘澶?#38339;绘Œ¡鍙?#28051;?#37510;傝®©杩?#28051;?#37922;?#37911;©è秺闀胯秺?#29678;锛岀劧鍚庣?#31295;湪鎴戜滑鎵€鏈?#27996;?#38892;?#28051;?#37510;? In What Laboratory Was This Monster Made? 杩?#28051;?#37804;?#37911;?#37828;¯å湪鍝?#28051;?#28729;為獙瀹?#37714;堕€?#37928;? TikTok is far from an evolutionary fluke. Its parent company, ByteDance, recently valued atmore than $75 billion dollars, bills itself first as an artificial intelligence company, not acreator of mission-driven social platforms. TikTok was merged with Musical.ly, a socialnetwork initially built around lip-syncing and dancing and adopted by very young people. Itstill carries a lot of Musical.ly’s DNA, and its app store reviews contain more than a littleyearning for Musical.ly’s return. It was the defunct Musical.ly against which the Federal TradeCommission recently levied its largest-ever penalty for mishandling the private data of youngusers. TikTok缁?#28051;?#37828;?#28000;€?#31646;杩涘寲涓?#37928;勪茎骞?#27996;?#37911;?#37510;傚叾姣?#37711;?#37721;稿瓧鑺傝烦鍔?ByteDance)鏈€杩?#37928;?#28028;?#37706;?#29906;?#26473;?#27996;?50浜?#32519;?#37711;?#38171;?#28729;?#26851;?#37711;?#28751;?#38007;?#23480;?#37837;囨¦œ涓?#28051;€瀹?#27996;?#23480;?#37829;鸿兘鍏?#37721;?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#37828;?#28003;?#37723;?#26937;?#37716;?#37736;?#32448;?#27996;?#39582;?#37721;?#37928;勫垱閫?#38000;?#37510;俆ikTok涓嶮usical.ly鍚堝苟锛?#37722;庤€?#37828;?#28051;€涓?#32448;?#27996;?#32515;?#32513;?#38171;?#37832;€鍒濆缓绔嬪湪瀵?#37721;?#37736;嬫?#26047;敱鍜岃烦鑸?#37928;勫?#34425;¡€涓?#38171;?#37922;?#37812;?#37828;¯é潪?#29238;骞磋交鐨?#27996;?#32519;?#37510;俆ikTok浠嶇劧甯?#37832;?#23536;?#28598;šMusical.ly鐨凞NA锛?#28729;?#37928;勫簲鐢?#37727;嗗º—璇?#29825;?#38322;屼篃鏈?#28051;?#28751;戜汉鍛?#37722;丮usical.ly鐨勫洖褰?#37510;傛渶杩?#38171;岀編鍥?#38001;?#38317;?#29840;?#37828;撳§”鍛樹細(Federal Trade Commission)瀵?#26473;?#28051;?#23480;?#32513;?#28051;?#28598;?#28699;樺湪鐨„Musical.ly澶?#28000;?#37832;?#37721;?#28000;?#37833;?#37832;€澶?#37928;?#32515;氭¬¾锛屽師?#27932;鏄?#28725;瑰?#30923;交鐢?#37812;?#37928;?#32457;?#27996;?#37825;版嵁澶勭悊涓?#35120;?#37510;? “ByteDance’s content platforms enable people to enjoy content powered by AI technology,” itswebsite says. Its vision is “to build global creation and interaction platforms.” ByteDance’swildly popular news and entertainment portal, Jinri Toutiao (translated as “Today’sHeadlines,”) relies heavily on AI — not human editors, or a self-selected feed of accounts — tocurate and create customized streams of largely user-and-partner-generated content tailoredto each of its readers. 瀛?#38010;傝烦鍔?#37928;?#32515;?#32468;欑?#24110;細“瀛?#38010;傝烦鍔?#37928;勫唴瀹瑰钩鍙?#28003;?#27996;轰滑?#20824;澶?#27996;?#37721;?#37922;?#27996;?#23480;?#37829;鸿兘鎶€鏈?#37819;愪緵鐨勫唴瀹?#37510;?rdquo;瀹?#37928;?#37808;?#37829;?#37828;?ldquo;?#32531;绔?#37711;?#37918;?#37714;涗綔涓庝氦娴佸钩鍙?rdquo;銆傚瓧鑺傝烦鍔?#39582;?#37721;?#23046;?#26473;?#37928;勬柊闂诲?#23677;?#21464;箰闂?#37812;?#32515;?#32468;?ldquo;浠婃棩澶?#37833;?rdquo;?#28266;寰?#28598;?#32459;?#25652;?#28051;婁緷璧?#27996;?#23480;?#37829;鸿兘——鑰?#28051;?#37828;?#27996;?#23480;?#32514;栬緫锛屼篃涓?#37828;?#37922;?#37812;?#38007;?#23480;遍€夋嫨鐨?#29840;?#37812;锋簮——鏉?#32480;?#37918;嗗拰鍒涘缓瀹?#37714;?#37928;勪俊鎭?#23092;?#38171;?#26473;?#27996;涗俊鎭?#23092;?#28051;?#29781;?#37828;?#37922;?#37812;?#37724;?#37722;堜綔浼?#28028;?#37714;堕€?#37928;勫唴瀹?#38171;屽苟涓?#23011;?#28003;?#29831;昏€?#38322;?#38892;?#28729;?#37714;?#37510;? These are services where a sort of “filter” bubble — isolating users into worlds of points ofview — isn’t an unintended consequence. It’s the point. And it’s extremely effective: BothToutiao and Douyin have drawn attention from Chinese regulators for, among many otherthings, some familiar to any large social-ish platform, and others unique to its speech-constrained political environment, capturing too much user time. As a result, TikTok’s“Digital Wellbeing” settings include an option to enforce a password-protected time limit. Thecompany’s other challenges can be addressed more assertively: an algorithm-first attentionmarket isn’t just centrally ruled, it’s centrally allocated. ?#28266;杩?#27996;?#37832;?#37716;?#28051;?#38171;屼骇鐢熸煇绉?ldquo;杩囨护”娉?#23052;?mdash;—灏?#37922;?#37812;?#38341;?#32450;?#37714;?#28051;?#37722;?#37928;勮?#20636;偣涓?#37923;?#35120;?#28051;?mdash;—?#33503;涓?#37828;?#28051;€涓?#37808;?#28598;?#37928;?#32513;撴灉锛岃€?#37828;?#37711;?#38335;?#37813;€?#28266;銆傝€?#28051;?#28729;冮潪?#29238;鏈?#37825;堬細浠婃棩澶?#37833;?#37724;屾姈闊?#38318;?#37722;?#23534;?#27996;?#28051;?#37733;?#37929;?#32480;?#37832;?#37835;?#37928;勬敞鎰?#38171;屽師?#27932;鏈?#23536;?#28598;?#38171;?#37711;?#28051;?#28051;€浜?#37828;?#28000;?#28003;?#28598;?#37736;?#32448;?#27996;?#32491;诲钩鍙?#38318;界?#29112;倝鐨?#38171;?#26473;?#37832;?#28051;€浜?#37828;?#37711;?#37721;楄¨€璁?#38340;?#37714;?#37928;?#37824;?#23052;?#37916;?#28583;?#37813;€鐗规湁鐨?#38171;岀劧鑰?#26473;?#37832;?#28051;€涓ªå師?#27932;鏄?#38171;?#28729;?#37719;?#37922;?#27996;?#37922;?#37812;?#28598;?#28598;氭椂闂?#37510;傚洜姝?#38171;孴ikTok鐨?ldquo;鏁板?#26944;仴搴?rdquo;璁剧疆鍖呮嫭涓€涓?#38315;夐¡¹锛?#37721;?#28000;?#23534;?#37714;?#37813;?#29723;?#37721;?#37714;板?#21977;?#20343;繚鎶?#37928;?#28003;?#37922;¨æ椂闂?#38340;?#37714;?#37510;?#29831;?#37711;?#37721;?#38344;?#28051;?#37928;勫叾浠?#37816;?#37812;?#37721;?#28000;?#37922;?#37831;?#37828;庣¡®鐨勬柟寮?#37833;?#29723;?#26473;帮細绠楁硶浼?#37711;堢殑?#25950;鎰忓姏甯?#37734;?#28051;?#28000;?#37828;?#28051;?#28598;?#32513;熸不鐨?#38171;?#26473;?#37828;?#28051;?#28598;?#32513;?#28051;€鍒?#38320;?#37928;?#37510;? Why Do People Spend Hours on TikTok? It’s the Machines. 涓轰粈?#31646;浜轰滑瑕?#38010;?#37713;?#28051;?#28751;忔椂?#28266;TikTok涓??#27932;涓?#37832;哄櫒銆? All of this goes a long way to explain why, at least at first, TikTok can seem disorienting. “You’renot actually sure why you’re seeing what you’re seeing,” said Ankur Thakkar, the formereditorial lead at Vine, TikTok’s other most direct forerunner. On Vine, a new user might nothave had much to watch, or felt much of a reason to create anything, but they understood theircontext: the list of people they followed, which was probably the thing letting them down. 鎵€鏈?#26473;?#28051;€鍒?#37832;?#37716;?#27996;庤§£閲?#38171;?#28051;轰粈?#31646;?#22182;灏戝湪鍒氬紑濮?#37928;勬椂鍊?#38171;孴ikTok鍙¯è兘璁?#27996;?#26473;?#28598;?#37711;?#28051;?#37510;?ldquo;浣犲疄闄?#28051;婂苟涓嶇¡®瀹氳嚜宸?#28051;轰粈?#31646;?#32048;?#28229;鑷?#23480;辨­£?#28266;?#28229;鐨?#26473;?#27996;?#28051;滆¥¿銆?rdquo;TikTok鍙?#28051;€瀹?#37832;€鐩存帴鐨勫?#23944;韩Vine鐨勫?#23943;?#26668;緫璐熻矗浜?#28729;?#25652;?#28751;?middot;濉斿崱灏?AnkurThakkar)璇?#38171;屽湪Vine涓?#38171;屾柊鐢?#37812;?#37721;¯è兘娌?#28000;€?#31646;鍙¯ç湅鐨?#38171;?#37812;?#38000;?#29785;?#23536;?#23052;?#28000;€涔堢悊鐢?#37720;?#37714;涘?#36720;换浣?#28051;滆¥¿锛?#28003;?#28000;栦滑鐔熸倝鑷?#23480;?#37928;?#37916;?#28583;冿細浠栦滑鐨勫叧?#25950;浜?#37714;?#29723;?#38171;?#23005;?#37828;?#26473;?#28051;?#37714;?#29723;?#37819;愪緵鐨?#28051;滆¥¿鍙¯è兘璁?#28000;栦滑澶?#37832;?#37510;? “It’s doing the thing that Twitter tried to solve, that everyone tried to solve,” he said. “How doyou get people to engage?” Apparently you just … show them things, and let a powerfulartificial intelligence take notes. You start sending daily notifications immediately. You tellthem what to do. You fake it till you make it, algorithmically speaking. “瀹?#29785;?#37712;?#27996;員witter浠?#37721;?#37813;€鏈?#27996;?#38318;?#29831;?#37733;?#29785;?#37712;?#37928;?#38338;?#26864;?#38171;?rdquo;浠?#29831;?#37510;?ldquo;涔?#28751;?#37828;?#37804;庢牱璁?#27996;轰滑鍙?#28051;?#26473;?#37833;?”“鏄剧劧锛?#37716;炴硶灏?#37828;?hellip;…缁?#37922;?#37812;风湅涓滆¥¿锛岀劧鍚?#29825;?#23534;?#28598;?#37928;?#27996;?#23480;?#37829;鸿兘?#20187;绗?#29825;?#37510;傞殢鍚?#32468;嬪嵆缁?#37922;?#37812;?#37721;戦€?#23011;忔棩閫?#37933;?#38171;?#37723;?#29831;変粬?#28369;璇?#37804;庝箞?#20187;銆?#28000;?#32480;楁硶涓?#29825;?#38171;?#28051;€?#27967;鍋囪£…涓?#37720;荤洿鍒?#37812;?#37716;?#37510;? American social platforms, each fighting their own desperate and often stock-price-relatedfights to increase user engagement, have been trending in TikTok’s general direction for awhile. It is possible, today, to receive highly personalized and effectively infinite contentrecommendations in YouTube without ever following a single account, because Google alreadywatches what you do, and makes guesses about who you are. And while Facebook and Twitterdon’t talk about their products this way, we understand that sometimes — maybe a lot of thetime — we use them just to fill time. They, in turn, want as much of our time as possible, andare quite obviously doing whatever they can to get it. 缇?#37733;?#37813;€鏈夌¤¾浜?#39582;?#37721;?#38318;藉湪鎷?#37723;芥?#24880;珮鐢?#37812;?#37721;?#28051;?#25652;?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#26473;欑§鍙?#28051;?#25652;?#23536;€寰€?#32048;涓庤偂浠?#37832;?#37711;?#38171;?#28729;冧滑鏈濈潃TikTok鐨?#37804;?#28003;撴柟鍚?#37721;戝睍宸?#32513;?#37832;?#28051;€娈垫椂闂?#27996;?#37510;?#28000;?#28598;?#38171;?#28003;?#28051;嶉渶瑕?#37711;虫敞浠?#28003;?#29840;?#37812;?#38171;?#28751;?#37721;?#28000;¥å湪YouTube涓婃敹鍒?#28598;?#38322;忛珮搴?#28051;?#37804;§å寲鐨勫唴瀹规帹鑽?#38171;屽洜涓?#29835;?#23005;?#23480;?#32513;忓紑濮?#29785;傚療浣犲湪?#20187;浠€?#31646;锛屽苟涓旂?#28356;祴浣?#37828;?#29835;?#37510;傝櫧?#21159;Facebook鍜孴witter涓?#28028;氳?#27408;牱鎻?#26473;?#28000;栦滑鐨?#27996;§å搧锛?#28003;?#37812;戜滑鐭?#38316;?#38171;?#37832;夋椂鍊?mdash;—涔熻®¸鏄?#23536;?#28598;氭椂鍊?mdash;—鎴戜滑鍙?#37828;?#37922;?#28729;冧滑鏉?#37813;?#37721;戞椂闂?#37510;傝€?#28729;冧滑鍙嶈繃鏉?#37807;?#29781;?#28751;?#37721;¯è兘澶?#37734;?#37719;?#37922;?#37812;戜滑鐨勬椂闂?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#28729;冧滑鏄剧劧姝£å湪绔?#28751;?#37813;€?#20824;鍦?#23536;?#37714;?#26473;?#27996;涙椂闂?#37510;?     So maybe you’ll sit TikTok out. But these things have a way of sneaking up behind you. Maybeyou never joined Snapchat — but its rise worried Facebook so much that its prettier product, Instagram, was remade in its image, and copied concepts from Snapchat reached you there. 鎵€浠?#38171;?#28751;?#32480;?#28003;犳?#25120;潃涓?#37922;¨TikTok锛?#26473;?#27996;?#28051;滆¥¿鎬?#37832;?#37716;炴硶鎮勬?#21227;?#25116;笂鏉?#28003;?#37510;?#23011;?#28641;?#29831;?#38171;屼?#29115;®¸浣?#28000;庢潵娌?#37832;?#37716;犲叆杩嘢napchat锛?#28003;?#28729;?#37928;勫礇璧?#29825;©Facebook?#28522;?#29238;鎷呭績锛屼互?#22182;浜?#28729;?#37827;?#28051;?#37831;存紓浜?#37928;?#27996;§å搧Instagram瀵?#38007;?#38892;?#35120;?#29854;?#26473;?#29723;屼簡閲?#28617;?#38171;屼粠Snapchat閭?#38322;屾嬁鏉?#27996;?#28051;€浜涙?#20634;康锛?#37832;€缁?#26473;?#37828;?#37833;?#37714;?#28003;?#38344;¢å墠銆? And maybe you skipped Twitter — but it still rewired your entire news diet, and, besides, it’show the president talks to you, now. 涔熻®¸浣?#28051;?#37922;¨Twitter——浣?#28729;?#28000;嶇劧鏀?#37721;?#27996;?#28003;?#37928;?#37825;?#28051;?#37826;?#38338;绘秷璐?#32513;撴瀯锛?#23005;?#28598;?#38171;?#37916;?#28641;?#28000;?#28003;?#37928;?#37804;?#32513;熻窡浣?#29831;?#29831;?#28751;?#37828;?#37922;?#26473;欑?#23942;柟寮?#27996;?#37510;? TikTok does away with many of the assumptions other social platforms have been built upon, and which they are in the process of discarding anyway. It questions the primacy of individualconnections and friend networks. It unapologetically embraces central control rather thanpretending it doesn’t have it. TikTok’s real influence going forward may be that the other socialmedia platforms decide that our friends were simply holding us back. Or, at least, it was holdingthem back. TikTok娑?#38340;?#27996;?#37711;?#28000;?#32448;?#27996;?#39582;?#37721;?#37813;€?#32531;绔?#37928;?#29825;?#28598;氬亣璁?#38171;岃€?#26473;?#27996;涘亣璁?#37832;?#38892;?#28052;?#23480;?#32513;?#28598;勫湪琚?#37821;?#23534;?#37928;?#26473;囩¨‹涓?#27996;?#37510;傚畠璐?#37924;戜釜浜?#38001;?#32495;诲拰鏈?#37721;?#32515;?#32513;?#37928;勯¦–瑕?#37734;?#28003;?#37510;傚?#20904;¦?#21159;鎺?#37721;?#28051;?#28598;?#37818;?#37714;?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#37828;?#37707;囪£…鑷?#23480;辨病鏈?#26473;欐牱?#20187;銆傚湪鏈?#37833;?#38171;孴ikTok鐪熸­£鐨勫?#21342;搷鍙¯è兘鏄?#38171;?#37711;?#28000;?#32448;?#27996;?#28655;?#28003;撳钩鍙?#38318;戒?#27699;®¤涓?#37812;戜滑鐨?#37832;?#37721;?#37721;?#37828;¯å湪濡?#32432;?#37812;戜滑鍓嶈繘銆?#37812;?#38000;?#38171;岃嚦灏?#38171;?#37828;¯å湪濡?#32432;?ldquo;瀹冧滑”鍓嶈繘銆? ]]></description> </item><item><title>鑻?#37733;?#28598;?#28729;?#28028;?#28051;?#29831;?#29723;?#28051;€?#25030;鍥?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔鍒?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444043-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[涓?#37733;?#28598;?#37917;?#28028;戞伅涓?#28598;?#38171;?#26473;?#37828;?#23011;?#28051;?#28051;?#37917;?#37827;?#38318;芥¢¦瀵?#28000;?#23033;?#37928;?#37510;?#28641;?#28000;?#38171;?#26473;?#28051;?#22986;?#37807;?#23480;?#28051;?#37712;?#38316;?#26473;?#37510;傝嫳鍥?#28598;?#28729;?#28028;?#28051;氬紑濮?#29831;?#29723;?#28051;€?#25030;鍥?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔鍒?#28051;旇柂姘?#28051;?#37721;?#38171;岃€岃?#24532;牸鍏?#37813;?#37824;?#37711;?#28751;嗗湪涓?#28051;?#37832;堝¯¹鍥?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔?#25030;杩?#29723;?#29825;?#29825;?#37510;傛潵?#28229;?#28229;?#24060;鍏?#27996;?#37721;?#37714;伴?#22446;懆鏈?#37928;勮嫳鍥戒笂鐝?#37827;?#37832;変粈?#31646;鎰?#37721;?#37722;?#37510;?   鍗?#37814;?#32515;?#32468;?#37812;?#37733;?   A string of small British firms have switched their workers over to a four-day week, the Guardian can reveal, amid mounting political interest in the idea that working less could deliver higher productivity and better balance between life and work. 鎹?#37510;婂崼鎶?#37510;嬫姤閬?#38171;?#37825;?#28729;惰嫳鍥?#28751;?#28028;?#28051;?#23480;?#32513;忓皢宸¥ä綔鍒?#37824;?#28051;?#28051;?#37733;?#28028;戜笁锛?#28051;庢­¤鍚屾椂锛?#37824;?#37923;屽¯¹浜庡?#24531;皯宸¥ä綔?#26882;闂磋兘澶熸?#24880;珮宸¥ä綔鏁堢巼?#33503;?#20824;鏇村¥½鍦板钩琛?#37922;熸?#35826;拰宸¥ä綔鐨勮?#20636;偣涔熻秺鏉¥è秺鎰?#37711;磋叮銆? A lingerie manufacturer, a lighting design firm and a landscape architect are among a wave of employers experimenting with giving staff three days off per week, for no less pay. The Wellcome Trust, the largest employer in Britain to so far consider a four-day week, is thinking about doing a trial for its 800 staff. 璇?#29723;?#28051;?#37733;?#28028;戜笁涓?#28051;嶉檷?#26562;姘?#37928;?#26473;欐尝浼?#28051;氬?#21614;嫭涓€瀹跺唴琛?#37714;堕€犲晢銆?#28051;€瀹剁収鏄?#29825;?#29825;?#37711;?#37721;?#37724;?#28051;€瀹舵櫙瑙傚缓绛?#37711;?#37721;?#37510;傛嫢鏈?00鍚?#37723;?#23480;?#37928;?#32513;?#28751;斿?#23792;熀閲戜細鏄?#26473;?#28000;?#28051;?#23005;?#38000;?#38095;?#29831;?#29723;?#28051;€?#25030;鍥?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔鍒?#37928;勮?#21228;¨¡鏈€澶?#37928;勮嫳鍥戒紒涓?#37510;? Growing calls for a shorter working week are being opposed by the Confederation of British Industry on the basis that more flexibility, not less, is needed. 姘戜?#26944;¯¹浜庣缉?#29037;姣忓懆宸¥ä綔?#26882;闂?#37928;勫懠鍚?#38316;?#37714;?#27996;嗚嫳鍥?#23480;?#28051;氳仈鍚堜細鐨勫弽瀵?#38171;屼粬?#28369;鐨勭悊鐢?#37828;?#23480;?#27996;洪渶瑕?#37928;?#37828;?#37831;?#28598;?#37928;?#37903;垫椿宸¥ä綔?#26882;闂?#38171;岃€?#28051;?#37828;?#37831;?#28751;?宸¥ä綔?#26882;闂?銆? But the shadow chancellor, John McDonnell, has commissioned a study into its value from the economist Robert Skidelsky, and the Scottish National party is due to debate a motion next month calling for a review which could lead to the introduction of the four-day week in Scotland. 涓嶈繃锛?#35120;卞瓙璐¢ç浉?#23475;?#22570;·?#23475;鍏嬪?#24878;撼宸?#32513;忓§”鎵?#32513;?#23092;庡­¦瀹?#32515;?#28028;?#37911;?middot;鏂¯å熀寰?#28751;?#37826;?#37737;哄?#22317;缉?#29037;宸¥ä綔?#26882;闂?#37928;?#37808;?#28052;夊睍?#32017;璋冩煡;鑻忔牸鍏版?#25118;?#24531;厷鍒?#28751;?#27996;庝笅涓?#37832;?#29825;?#29825;?#28051;€椤?#37716;?#29825;?#38171;?#28641;傛灉鑽夋¡ˆ閫氳?#22247;®¡?#29025;锛岃?#24532;牸鍏?#37721;¯è兘灏嗕細瀹?#29723;?#37733;?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔?#25030;銆? In the last six months, companies switching to a four-day week include Synergy Vision, a 45-employee medical communications agency, Elektra Lighting, a lighting design company, Lara Intimates, which makes underwear, and the Intrepid Camera company, which makes and exports photographic equipment. ?#28266;杩囧?#35826;?#23106;?#26449;唴鏀?#28051;?#28051;€?#25030;鍥?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔鍒?#37928;勫叕鍙?#37718;呮嫭鎷?#37832;?5鍚?#37723;?#23480;?#37928;勫尰鐤?#38315;氫俊鏈?#37835;„Synergy Vision锛岀収鏄?#29825;?#29825;?#37711;?#37721;窫lektra Lighting锛屽唴琛?#37714;堕€犲晢Lara Intimates鍜屾?#21227;?#21342;櫒鏉?#37714;堕€犲?#23677;嚭鍙?#37711;?#37721;¸Intrepid Camera銆? "It has been a beautiful six weeks of having a long weekend,” said Neil Knowles, a design consultant at Elektra, which switched its 10 staff to a shorter week in January. Elektra Lighting鍏?#37721;?#37928;?#29825;?#29825;?#26916;?#38338;®å唴灏?middot;璇?#28751;?#37826;?#29831;达細“杩囧幓鐨勫叚?#25030;?#28257;鏄?#28598;?#32519;庡?#25106;簡锛岃兘鎷?#37832;?#29906;?#38336;垮懆鏈?#37510;?rdquo;浠婂勾涓€鏈?#28000;?#26473;?#28729;舵嫢鏈?0鍚?#37723;?#23480;?#37928;勫叕鍙?#28751;?#23480;¥ä綔鍒?#37824;?#37812;?#27996;?#28051;?#37733;?#28028;戜笁銆? "Two days out of seven is just enough to recover from a stressful week. Three is enough to recover and have extra time to do something else. It almost feels as if work is interrupting the weekend rather than the other way round.” “姣忓懆浼戜袱澶?#37721;ªè兘?#23226;寮轰?#24221;竴?#25030;鐨勫?#23338;姏涓?#37805;?#28598;嶈繃鏉?#37510;?#28051;?#28598;?#37928;勫懆鏈?#28051;?#28003;嗚兘鎭?#28598;嶈繃鏉?#38171;?#26473;?#37832;?#28598;?#28003;?#37928;勬椂闂村仛浜涘埆鐨?#27996;?#37807;?#37510;?#23480;¥ä綔浼?#28052;?#37812;?#27996;嗗懆鏈?#28052;嬮棿鐨勬’鏇?#37510;?rdquo; Maxim Grew, at Intrepid in Brighton, said the switch has ended “Friday afternoon fatigue” and increased morale and energy levels among staff with a feeling that every hour counts, leading to productivity boosts. He said people have quickly adjusted to using the extra time off. 浣?#27996;庡竷鑾?#26916;?#37928;処ntrepid鍏?#37721;?#37928;勯©¬鍏嬭?#22446;§†·鏍?#26932;?#29831;?#38171;?#26473;?#28051;€鏀?#37721;?#32513;堢粨浜?ldquo;?#25030;浜?#28051;嬪?#22562;殑鐤?#37706;?rdquo;锛屾?#24880;珮浜?#37723;?#23480;?#37928;勫£«姘斿?#23680;?#24807;姏锛?#29825;?#37723;?#23480;?#37808;熻§‰鍒?#23011;?#28051;?#28751;忔椂閮?#23536;?#38322;嶈¦锛屼?#24228;€屾?#24880;珮浜?#23480;¥ä綔鏁堢巼銆?#28000;?#29831;?#38171;屼?#36720;滑寰堝揩灏遍€傚簲浜?#28598;氬嚭鏉?#37928;?#28028;戞伅?#26882;闂村苟鍔?#28000;?#37714;?#37922;?#37510;? morale[m蓹'ræl]: n. 澹«æ皵锛屾?#26944;織 "I am learning French, Rocco has joined a theatre group, Hugo is spending more time doing carpentry and Sam is building a robot,” he said. 浠?#29831;达細“鎴戞­£?#28266;瀛¦æ硶璇?#38171;屾?#28056;厠鍔犲叆浜?#28051;€涓?#37812;忓墽鍥?#38171;岄洦?#28745;鑺?#37831;?#28598;氭椂闂村仛?#28266;宸?#23090;诲効锛屽?#21342;§†姝£å湪閫?#28051;€涓?#37832;哄櫒浜?#37510;?rdquo; Vanessa Ross, the owner of Arc Landscape in Surrey, said her team had used the time to volunteer, look after dependent family members and teach. 浣?#27996;庤惃閲?#38318;?#37928;„Arc Landscape鍏?#37721;?#37928;勮€?#37833;跨摝?#21812;鑾?middot;缃?#37826;?#29831;?#38171;屽¥¹鐨勫洟闃?#37922;?#28598;氬嚭鏉?#37928;勫懆鏈«æ椂闂村仛蹇?#37808;?#38000;?#37510;佺収?#28229;瀹?#27996;?#37724;?#37825;欏­¦銆? The idea of a four-day week has shot to prominence in recent months, for economic, social, health and technological reasons. 杩?#37713;?#28051;?#37832;?#37833;?#38171;?#37733;?#28598;?#23480;¥ä綔?#25030;鐨?#37918;嗗康澶囧彈鍏虫敞锛屽師?#27932;鏈?#32513;?#23092;?#37510;佺?#21477;細銆佸仴搴?#37724;屾妧鏈¯ç瓑澶?#28051;ªæ柟闈?#37510;? Overwork results in thousands succumbing to stress or depression each year, according to the Health and Safety Executive; long working hours make parenting and family care ever trickier to juggle; technology, meanwhile, threatens to transform the demand for labor over coming decades. 鏍规嵁鍋?#25652;?#28051;?#28729;?#37711;?#37813;?#29723;屽眬鐨?#37814;?#37723;?#38171;?#23480;¥ä綔杩囧害姣忓?#26449;¯¼鑷?#37825;?#37719;?#27996;?#38316;?#37721;楀?#23338;姏鎴?#37814;?#38318;?#37928;勫洶鎵?#37510;?#38336;挎椂闂?#37928;?#23480;¥ä綔璁?#38002;插効鍜岀収椤惧®¶搴?#37831;撮毦浠?#37711;?#26916;?#37510;傛湭鏉?#37713;犲?#20344;勾锛屾妧鏈?#37928;勫?#25117;睍杩?#37721;?#38003;戒娇寰?#37716;?#37716;¨å姏?#28214;姹傚?#24531;皯銆? Despite this, Britons work more hours a week on average than they did in 2011 – and research shows two-thirds would like to reduce the amount of time they spend in the office. 灏?#32480;?#28641;傛­¤锛岃嫳鍥戒汉骞冲潎姣忓懆宸¥ä綔?#26882;闂寸浉姣?011骞村¢ž鍔?#27996;?#37510;傝?#20905;煡鏄剧¤º锛?#28051;?#37714;?#28052;?#27996;?#37928;?#27996;?#29999;?#37832;涘?#24531;?#25116;笂鐝­æ椂闂?#37510;? One of the biggest experiments so far into the effect of the four-day week was carried out at Perpetual Guardian, a finance company in New Zealand. It claims productivity has increased. 杩?#28000;?#28051;?#23005;?#29785;勬¨¡鏈€澶?#37928;勫洓澶?#23480;¥ä綔?#25030;璇曢獙鏄¯å湪鏂拌¥¿鍏?#37928;?#28051;€瀹?#37722;?#28051;篜erpetual Guardian鐨?#38322;戣ž鍏?#37721;稿紑?#30541;鐨?#37510;?#29831;曢獙琛?#37828;?#38171;?#37723;?#23480;?#37928;?#23480;¥ä綔鏁堢巼鎻愰珮浜?#37510;? Its chief executive, Andrew Barnes, said: “This is an idea whose time has come. We need to get more companies to give it a go. They will be surprised at the improvement in their company, their staff and in their wider community.” 璇?#37711;?#37721;?#37928;?#37804;荤洃瀹?#23536;烽瞾·宸存仼鏂?#29831;达細“杩?#28051;?#37918;嗗康鐨勬椂鏈?#23480;?#32513;?#37812;?#37908;?#37510;?#37812;戜滑?#28214;瑕?#29825;?#37831;?#28598;?#37711;?#37721;?#28751;?#29831;?#26473;?#28051;€宸¥ä綔鍒?#37510;?#28000;栦滑?#32048;鎯?#29825;?#37734;?#37721;?#37916;?#38171;?#37711;?#37721;?#37510;?#37723;?#23480;?#37724;屽懆杈?#37928;?#37807;?#37712;?#37832;?#27996;?#37824;瑰杽銆?rdquo; He said it helps level the playing field between women and men, partly by making it easier for mothers returning to work because they don’t need to commit to five days and by making men more available for domestic duties. 浠?#29831;?#38171;?#26473;欐湁鍔?#27996;庝负鐢?#37804;?#37724;屽¥³鎬?#37714;?#38315;犲叕骞?#37928;?#32468;?#27996;?#37916;?#28583;?#38171;?#28051;€?#26591;闈¢è兘澶熻®©濡?#28641;堜滑鏇?#28729;?#37828;?#37733;?#35120;?#38001;?#37734;?#38171;屽洜涓哄?#36891;滑鏃犻渶鍐?#28051;€?#25030;宸¥ä綔浜?#28598;?#38171;?#37721;?#28051;€?#26591;闈?#28052;熻兘璁?#37922;?#37804;?#37714;嗘媴鏇?#28598;?#28729;?#27996;?#37510;? Billy Jenkins, a middle manager at Synergy Vision, said: “It has caused a little tension in the household, as my partner works five days a week and seems to come up with a wishlist of errands or chores that need doing on my day off. It’s also hard to shake off the feeling that I should be working, and it has taken time to feel more comfortable using the time as my own.” Synergy Vision鍏?#37721;?#37928;?#28051;­å眰缁忕悊姣?#37714;?middot;瑭?#38322;戞柉璇达細“杩?#29825;?#37812;?#37928;勫®¶搴?#37711;?#32495;?#37832;?#37904;?#28751;忕揣寮?#38171;屽洜涓?#37812;戠埍浜?#23011;忓懆宸¥ä綔浜?#28598;?#38171;屽¥¹浼?#28052;庢湁寰?#28598;?#37833;?#27996;?#37807;?#29825;?#37812;戝湪澶氬嚭鐨?#28051;€澶?#38322;?#37720;诲仛銆傝€?#28051;?#38171;?#37812;?#37804;?#29785;?#23536;楀湪閭?#28051;€澶?#28051;?#23480;¥ä綔鏈?#29840;?#32515;?#37808;?#38171;屾參鎱?#37734;?#37812;戞?#23944;兘?#32318;瀹夌悊寰?#37734;版妸瀹?#35120;?#37812;愬睘浜?#37812;?#37928;勬椂闂?#37510;?rdquo; ]]></description> </item><item><title>鍝?#27996;涜埅绌?#37711;?#37721;?#28003;?#37922;?#23049;?#38346;?37 Max鎵?#26891;炶埅?#22158;? http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444042-1.html 鑻?#37733;?#38004;辨¬§鑽夋¡ˆ鍙堣¢«鍚?姘戜紬鐙傚洡鍗?#37922;熺焊 http://www.5890738.com/show-500-444041-1.html 鎰夋偊鍙?#29831;?绗?58鏈??#32321;鎯呰?#36776;枃鎬庝箞璇?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-9907-444039-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[璁茶§£鏂?#37832;¬ï細 affectionate ?#32321;鎯?#37928;?#38171;?#37711;呮弧?#22477;鐨?#38171;屾儏?#32321;涔?#38322;?#37928;? Mike gave me a very long and affectionate hug. Mike缁?#27996;?#37812;戜竴涓?#38336;?#28052;?#37928;?#38171;屾繁鎯?#37928;勬嫢鎶?#37510;? She gave her little son an affectionate kiss and put him to bed. 濂规?#22562;埍鍦?#37722;?#27996;?#28051;€涓?#28751;忓効瀛?#38171;?#28751;?#28000;?#37824;惧湪搴?#28051;?#37510;? 鐤?#37913;?#32513;?#28052;?#37722;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>鎰夋偊鍙?#29831;?绗?57鏈?鎵?#38315;€?#29214;榧撹?#36776;枃鎬庝箞璇?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-9907-444038-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[璁茶§£鏂?#37832;¬ï細 cold feet 鑳?#37804;?#38171;?#37813;?#38315;€?#29214;榧?#38171;屼俊?#32318;鎴栧?#22248;皵鐨?#28051;?#28598;? He planned to talk to Mary, but then he got cold feet. 浠?#37832;?#37813;?#32480;楀?#26127;窡Mary璇?#29831;?#38171;?#28003;?#37722;庢潵涓?#38339;?#38315;€缂?#27996;?#37510;? This is not the time to get cold feet. Let's do it! 鐜板湪涓?#37828;?#37813;?#38315;€?#29214;榧?#37928;勬椂鍊?#38171;?#29723;?#37716;?#37722;? 鐤?#37913;?#32513;?#28052;?#37722;? ]]></description> </item><item><title>鎵?#32450;忓彛璇?0涓ªå父鐢?#37721;?#37736;嬪­¦涔?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-8349-444024-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[銆€銆€1. She is no less diligent than her elder sister. 濂?#37724;屽?#29808;?#24876;§涓€?#29297;鐢?#37716;? 銆€銆€2. One minute too late is no more in time than halfan hour (is). 杩?#37714;?#28051;€鍒嗛挓涓?#26473;?#37714;?#37719;?#28751;忔椂鍚屾牱鏄?#28051;?#37713;嗘椂銆? 銆€銆€3. His strength is superior to mine. 浠?#37928;勫姏?#30389;姣?#37812;?#28598;?#37510;? 銆€銆€4. Colored people are by no means inferior to whitepeople. 鏈夎壊浜?#32457;?#28051;?#23011;?#28051;?#23011;旂?#25106;?#36720;綆鍔?#37510;? 銆€銆€5. My arrival in New York is posterior to that of my friend. 鎴?#23011;?#37812;?#37832;?#37721;?#37722;?#37714;扮?#30028;害銆? 銆€銆€6. We love truth above everything else. 鎴戜滑鐑­ç埍?#28257;?#24714;鐢?#28051;庝竴鍒?#37510;? 銆€銆€7. It is worth next to nothing. 閭?#37713;?#28052;庝竴閽?#28051;?#37706;?#37510;? 銆€銆€8. How could he compare with Bill Gates¬ 浠?#37804;庤兘鍚?#23011;?#28751;?璋村?#26944;?#40515;¥¶鍏€¬nbsp; 銆€銆€9. Easier said than done. 璇?#37828;撳仛?#27622;銆? 銆€銆€10. I like that best of all / least of all. 鎴?#37832;€鍠滄¬¢/涓?#37728;滄¬¢閭?#28051;?#37510;? 銆€銆€11. I can't think of a better idea. 鎴戞兂涓嶅嚭姣?#26473;?#28051;?#37831;村¥½鐨?#27996;?#37510;? 銆€銆€12. No other book has had a greater influence on my life. 浠?#28003;?#37711;?#28729;?#37928;?#28052;?#28725;?#37812;戜竴鐢?#37928;勫?#21342;搷閮芥病鏈?#26473;欐湰涔?#28598;?#37510;? 銆€銆€13. Nothing is so easy as this. 娌?#37832;?#23011;?#26473;欐洿瀹?#37828;?#37928;?#27996;?#27996;?#37510;? 銆€銆€14. The more a men knows, the more he discovers his ignorance. 涓€涓?#27996;烘?#20634;緱?#31226;澶?#38171;岃秺鍙?#37916;?#38007;?#23480;?#37827;犵煡銆? 銆€銆€15. So much the worse. 鏇?#37716;?#28051;?#28641;?#37510;? 銆€銆€16. Better late than never. 杩熷仛姣?#28051;嶅仛濂?#37510;? 銆€銆€17. Better to do well than to say well. 璇?#23536;楀?#25106;笉濡傚仛寰楀¥½銆? 銆€銆€18. I would sooner die than do such a thing. 鎴?#28729;佹­»涓嶅仛姝?#27996;?#37510;? 銆€銆€19. Wise men love truth, whereas fools shun it. 鑱?#37828;庝汉鐑­ç埍?#28257;?#24714;锛岃€?#37808;?#27996;?#38315;?#38316;跨湡?#24714;銆? ]]></description> </item><item><title>鎵?#32450;忓彛璇?#37804;庝箞鍏?#37812;愰珮鍒?/title> <link>http://www.5890738.com/show-8349-444022-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[銆€銆€1. 鎵?#32450;忓彛璇­é珮鍒?#37711;?#37812;愶細缁?#28052;?#37828;?#37916;嬮亾! 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